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Rational Inefficiency in Fisheries

By: J. L. Andersen

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Evaluating the efficiency of Decision Making Unit is performed ex post and not ex ante. This may be a harsh method of evaluation, especially if the DMUs are operating in environments, which are characterised by significant uncertainty. Fishermen are often considered to operate in such an environment. The output arising from using given inputs is seldom known with certainty, because external factors such as availability of fish, equipment performance and weather ...

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Informe Del Taller Sobre Pesquerias de Camaron Y Peces de Fondo en...

By: Juan Carlos Seijo

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: El Taller sobre Pesquerías de Camar›n y Peces de Fondo en la Regi›n Atlÿntica de Venezuela fue organizado en el marco del programa FAO/COPACO y del Grupo de Trabajo ad hoc sobre Pesquerías de Camar›n y Peces de Fondo de la Plataforma Brasil-Guayanas. Este grupo de trabajo fue establecido en 1984 por recomendaci›n de la COPACO, dada la naturaleza y características de los recursos pesqueros de la regi›n. El grupo se ha estado reuniendo anualmente desde 1996 para e...

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Los Alamos en la Investigacion Biotecnologica

By: H. Marchadier

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: La biotecnología abarca una gran variedad de t?cnicas científicas que utilizan organismos vivos o partes de ellos. Las biotecnologías modernas actualmente utilizadas en el sector forestal pueden clasificarse en tres categorías ... las basadas en marcadores moleculares, utilizadas por ejemplo para cuantificar la diversidad gen?tica entre poblaciones y ÿrboles individuales, para identificar partes de material gen?tico que son exclusivas de cada individuo (t?cnica ...

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Conception et Mise en Oeuvre de Politiques Nationales Dinformation...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Les relations entre les flux d?information et le d?veloppement ? au niveau national ou local ? sont mieux connues depuis quelques ann?es, de m?me que le r?le des processus de communication pour accompagner les changements sociaux et individuels. Toutefois, dans de nombreux pays africains, ces relations ne sont pas suffisamment d?battues ou facilement accept?es, notamment par les planificateurs du d?veloppement.

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Headquarters of the World Health Organization Salle D Avenue Appia...

By: R. K. Downey

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: No food stuffs, with major, or for that matter, minor nutrient constituents, altered by biotechnology, are presently in the commercial market. However, there are numerous examples where major changes in food constituents have been made to improve the nutritional or functional value of food crops through the application of mutagens and/or selection. Identical or similar changes to food constituents, induced by mutation, have been produced through rDNA technologie...

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Cultures et Penuries Alimentaires

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: En novembre 2002, 39 pays se heurtent ? de graves difficult?s d?approvisionnement alimentaire dans le monde, dont 25 en Afrique, 6 en Asie, 6 en Am?rique latine et 2 en Europe. En Afrique australe, la situation difficile, caus?e par deux mauvaises r?coltes successives, continue de se d?grader car les stocks alimentaires s?amenuisent et les importations arrivent lentement. La situation est particuli?rement critique au Zimbabwe o? de graves p?nuries affectent la m...

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Activities of the Sps Committee and Other Wto Activities Relevant ...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: 1. The present report provides a summary of the activities and decisions of the WTO Committee on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (the ?SPS Committee?) during 2003 to the Twenty-Seventh Session of the Codex Alimentarius Commission. It describes work on issues relating to food safety relevant to the Codex Alimentarius Commission, including: specific trade concerns; equivalence; monitoring the use of international standards; the Standards and Trade Development ...

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Suite Donnee a L'Evaluation Conjointe Fao/Oms du Codex Alimentariu...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Situation g?n?rale 1. La Commission du Codex Alimentarius a proc?d?, ? sa vingt-sixi?me session, ? l?examen de propositions sp?cifiques d?coulant de l?valuation conjointe FAO/OMS du Codex Alimentarius et d?autres activit?s de la FAO et de l?OMS relatives aux normes alimentaires1. L??tat d?avancement de la mise en oeuvre des propositions ent?rin?es par la Commission ? sa vingt-sixi?me session et d?autres d?cisions de la Commission d?coulant de l?valuation conjo...

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Diseases and Potential Threats to Acacia Mangium Plantations in Ma...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The past three decades have been turbulent times for forest plantations in Malaysia. In the 1970s exotic pines (Pinus spp.) were favoured as plantation species with the objective of pulp and paper production. Later, in the continued absence of local pulp and paper mills, there was an intention to use Pinus spp. for poles and timber, but this did not come about because planting material was difficult to obtain in Malaysia. Plantations of a number of other exotic ...

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Third Meeting of the Ad Hoc Gfcm/Iccat Working Group on Sustainabl...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The Ad Hoc GFCM/ICCAT Working Group on Sustainable Bluefin Tuna Farming/ Fattening Practices in the Mediterranean was set-up following a 2002 decision by the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) which, in view of the expansion of bluefin tuna farming in the Mediterranean, decided that practical guidelines to ensure the sustainability of this activity were required.

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Legal and Institutional Aspects of Management Arrangements for Sha...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The terms of reference for this report are in Annex I. The term ?shared stocks? needs definition for the purposes of this report. In principle, a ?shared stock? could be one that was shared between inter alia (a) two neighbouring coastal States, (b) two non-neighbouring coastal States on opposite sides of a gulf or ocean or (c) a coastal State and a flag State (the latter?s vessels fishing on the high seas). Some clarity is therefore needed.

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Processing and Marketing of Marine Fishery Products

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The processing of marine fishery products is undertaken by both family-scale operations and on a much larger commercial level. Family-scale processing mainly involves the manufacture of pastes and dried products. This includes shrimp paste and dried shrimp, squid, shark, and the fish bycatch of trawling. Touch and Todd (2002) estimate that about 480 mt of these processed marine items worth 1 131 500 US$ were produced in 2000. Navy (2002) states that most of this...

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Treatment of Drainage Effluent

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Treating drainage water is normally one of the last drainage water management options to be considered. This is due to the high costs involved and to uncertainty about the treatment level achievable. The treatment of drainage water should be considered where all other drainage water management measures fail to guarantee safe disposal or where it is financially attractive. For subsurface drainage water containing very high levels of salinity, selenium and other t...

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Volume I of Vi National Medium Term Investment Programme (Nmtip)

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: I.1. An archipelago of 43 granitic and 72 coral islands in the Western Indian Ocean, Seychelles has a land area of 445 km2. Of these islands, only Mah? (153 km2) and Praslin (38 km2) provide the necessary conditions and suitable land area for agriculture. The total population was 81,177 at the last census in August 2002, and is growing at about 1.4 percent per year. Around 87 percent of the population lives on the main island, Mah? (including the capital Victori...

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Ecoetiquetado Y Pesca Sostenible

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Existe un amplio consenso en la comunidad internacional en cuanto a que gran parte de la pesca comercial en todo el mundo, se encuentra en estado de agotamiento. A los planes de ecoetiquetado se los ve cada vez mÿs, como un camino para preservar la productividad y el valor econ›mico de la pesca, y al mismo tiempo, proporcionar incentivos para mejorar el ordenamiento pesquero y la conservaci›n de la biodiversidad marina. En la pesca, se han encaminado œltimamente...

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Ciguatera Fish Poisoning a Review in a Risk-Assessment Framework

By: Leigh Lehane

Nutrition Reference Publication

Summary: Introduction Ciguatera fish poisoning (CFP, or ?ciguatera?) is probably more important than any other known type of human poisoning caused by the consumption of seafood. The epidemiology of the disease is extremely complex and of vast importance to the future use of marine resources. CFP is not a new disease, having been recorded for centuries. Traditionally, it is an important medical entity within a wide circumglobal area, mainly in tropical and subtropical Pa...

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Decisiones Y Recomendaciones de la Novena Reunion Del Comite Sobre...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

INTRODUCCI?N: La novena reuni›n del Subcomit? sobre Comercio Pesquero del Comit? de Pesca (COFI) se celebr› en Bremen (Alemania) del 10 al 14 de febrero de 2004 por invitaci›n del Gobierno de la Repœblica Federal de Alemania1. El informe de la reuni›n puede consultarse en el documento COFI/2005/Inf.12.

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Hope-A's Postal Address Is : Hope-A

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: HOPE-A will not directly undertake all the above-mentioned activities but will commission groups in Asia such as private, public and non-governmental organizations and individuals to carry out this work under umbrella partnership agreements. HOPE-A, as a legitimate sub-commission of APHCA, will operate within the framework of the APHCA constitution, established 25 year ago, which stipulates management by the members and annual international audit of accounts. AP...

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Statistiques sur les Produits Forestiers Non Ligneux (Pfnl) dans l...

By: Kodjo Kadevi

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Bien que le document ?Situation et perspectives du d?veloppement ? du Minist?re du Plan et de l?Industrie pr?sent? ? la conf?rence des bailleurs de fonds pour le d?veloppement du Togo tenue ? Lom? en juin 1985 n?ait pas mention? les produits forestiers non ligneux dans les perspectives de d?veloppement, l?importance de ces produits est ?norme ?conomiquement et sur le plan de la s?curit? alimentaire des populations. Au Togo, comme dans la plupart des pays africai...

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Capitulo IX Residuos Secos de Los Cultivos

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Los principales cultivos, especialmente los cereales, producen grandes cantidades de tallos y de hojas, ademÿs del producto principal, que por lo general es el grano. La paja constituye casi siempre la mitad de la vegetaci›n que se puede cosechar de un cultivo. Tales materiales ordinarios no pueden ser consumidos por el ser humano, pero el ganado los puede transformar en productos con valor econ›mico. Algunos cereales y leguminosas forrajeras tambi?n son cultiva...

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