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List of mosques in China

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List of mosques in China

Part of a series on
Mosques

Architecture
Architectural Style
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Mosques in the World

This is a list of mosques in China. A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the religion of Islam. The first mosque in China was the Great Mosque of Xi'an, or the Xi'an Mosque, which was built during the Tang Dynasty in the 8th century C.E.

In China, mosques are called qīngzhēnsì (清真寺, "Pure truth temple"), a name which was also used by Chinese Jews for synagogues. Other names include huíhui táng (回回堂, "Hui people's hall"), huíhui sì (回回寺, "Hui people's temple"), lǐbàisì (礼拜寺, "Temple of worship"), zhēnjiào sì (真教寺, "True teaching temple"), or qīngjìng sì (清净寺, "Pure temple").[1][2]

During the Qing Dynasty, at the Mosque entrance, a tablet was placed upon which "Huángdì wànsuì, wànsuì, wànwànsuì" (皇帝萬歲,萬歲,萬萬歲) was enscribed, which means, "The Emperor, may he live forever". Wansui means Ten thousand years, which means forever in Chinese. Westerners traveling in China noted the presence of these tablets at mosques in Yunnan and Ningbo.[3][4]

Most mosques have certain aspects in common with each other however as with other regions Chinese Islamic architecture reflects the local architecture in its style. China is renowned for its beautiful mosques, which resemble temples. However in western China the mosques resemble those of Iran and Central Asia, with tall, slender minarets, curvy arches and dome shaped roofs, as well as the unique multi-layered portals. In northwest China where the Chinese Hui have built their mosques, there is a combination of eastern and western styles. The mosques have flared Buddhist style roofs set in walled courtyards entered through archways with miniature domes and minarets (see Beytullah Mosque).[5]

Famous mosques in China

Name Images City Year Remark
Niujie Mosque
Beijing 996 [6]
Huaisheng Mosque
Guangzhou, Guangdong 627 [7]
Kowloon Mosque
Kowloon, Hong Kong 1896
Tongxin Great Mosque
Tongxin County, Ningxia ca.1400
Id Kah Mosque
Kashgar, Xinjiang 1442 [8]
Great Mosque of Xi'an
Xi'an, Shaanxi 742 [9]

There are over 45,000 mosques in China today.[10][11] Gallery of Chinese mosques on Flickr:[12]

List of mosques

Name City or District Region or Province Remark
Ammar Mosque Wan Chai Hong Kong
Chai Wan Mosque Chai Wan Hong Kong
Dongguan Mosque Xining Qinghai
Great Mosque of Xi'an Xi'an Shaanxi
Huaisheng Mosque Guangzhou Guangdong
Id Kah Mosque Kashgar Xinjiang
Jamia Mosque Mid-levels Hong Kong
Jinan Great Southern Mosque Jinan Shandong
Khotan Mosque Hotan Xinjiang
Kowloon Mosque Tsim Sha Tsui Hong Kong
Macau Mosque Our Lady of Fatima Parish Macau
Multicoloured Mosque Linxia Gansu
Niujie Mosque Xicheng Beijing [13]
Qingjing Mosque Quanzhou Fujian
Stanley Mosque Stanley Hong Kong

Galleries

See also

References

  •  This article incorporates text from The Chinese repository, Volume 13, a publication from 1844 now in the public domain in the United States.
  •  This article incorporates text from The Chinese repository, Volumes 11-15, a publication from 1842 now in the public domain in the United States.
  1. ^ Shoujiang Mi, Jia You (2004). Islam in China. 五洲传播出版社. p. 29.  
  2. ^ The Chinese repository, Volume 13. Printed for the proprietors. 1844. p. 31. Retrieved 2011-05-08. 
  3. ^ The Chinese repository, Volumes 11-15. Printed for the proprietors. 1842. p. 33. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  4. ^ Michael Dillon (1999). China's Muslim Hui community: migration, settlement and sects. Richmond: Curzon Press. p. 77.  
  5. ^ Saudi Aramco World, July/August 1985 , page 3035
  6. ^ http://www.islamichina.com/page/niujiemosquesinbeijing.htm
  7. ^ http://www.islamichina.com/page/hshmosquesinguangzhou.htm
  8. ^ http://www.islamichina.com/page/mosquesinkashgar.htm
  9. ^ http://www.islamichina.com/page/gmosquesinxian.htm
  10. ^ Madrasahs
  11. ^ MEMRI: Special Dispatch Series - No. 729
  12. ^ Chinese Mosques - a set on Flickr at www.flickr.com
  13. ^ http://www.islamichina.com/page/niujiemosquesinbeijing.htm

External links

  • Mosques in China, a gallery at the site of the Institute for Research and Studies of Muslim Minorities (IRSMM)
  • Islamic Architecture in Xinjiang
  • Islamic Architecture in Xinjiang
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