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Political Institutions and Public Administration


A political system is a system of politics and government. It is usually compared to the legal system, economic system, cultural system, and other social systems. It is different from them, and can be generally defined on a spectrum from left, e.g. communism, to the right, e.g. fascism. However, this is a very simplified view of a much more complex system of categories involving the views: who should have authority, how religious questions should be handled, and what the government's influence on its people and economy should be.

 
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Office of Personnel Management

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: For necessary expenses to carry out functions of the Office of Personnel Management pursuant to Reorganization Plan Numbered 2 of 1978 and the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978, including services as authorized by 5 U.S.C. 3109; medical examinations performed for veterans by private physicians on a fee basis; rental of conference rooms in the District of Columbia and elsewhere; hire of passenger motor vehicles; not to exceed $2, 500 for official reception and rep...

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Dod Financial Management Regulation : Volume 5, Chapter 11

By: Department of Defense

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: CHAPTER 11 DISBURSEMENTS 1101 Introduction: 110101. Description of a Disbursement. In most instances, a disbursement is a payment to an individual or organization for goods furnished or services rendered. In some cases, a disbursement is made solely to transfer funds from one appropriation or fund to another. This is a disbursement made by voucher deduction or by “no check drawn” transactions involving SFs 1080 or 1081 and no payment by check or cash. Disburseme...

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World Health Organization : Year 1985-86 ; Strengthening of Health...

By: E. T. Maganu

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION An intercountry workshop on Strengthening M i n i s t r i e s of Health f o r Primary Wealth Care, organized by DANIDA and WHO and hosted by Botswana, was held i n Gaborone from 29 July to 6 August 1985. The HollouraLie Minister of Health, M r Balopi, welcomed p a r t i c i p a n t s sayin& t h a t Botswana was committed to the goal of Health f o r A l l by the Year 2000 and that his Ministry was loohing forward t o suggestions a s t o how ma~or organizat...

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Pan American Health Organization : Year 2003, Text: Introduction

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

1.1 The problem of municipal solid waste (MSW) The term “municipal solid waste” (MSW) covers wastes from different sources: from domestic, commercial, industrial (small and cottage industries), institutional (public administration, schools, etc.) activities; from markets; and from street sweeping and the cleaning of other public areas in urban communities. In all urban environments, the management of solid waste is the responsibility of the municipal authorities. Solid w...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2003 ; Issue 92415624...

By: Phyllida Travis

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction The World Health Report 2000 (1) identified four core functions that all health systems carry out in some way, regardless of how they are organized or where they are. They were financing, resource generation, service delivery, and stewardship. In order to explain attainment of health system outcomes and efficiency, greater understanding of these four health system functions is required. This chapter focuses on the function of stewardship. The report broadly ...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2003 ; Issue 92415904...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction The disadvantaged position of women in society is now internationally recognized as a breach of human rights and a barrier to development. It is now also recognized that women’s subordination in society has been institutionalized through structures which organize social life in ways that marginalize women in important areas such as training, employment, policy-making, and planning, implementation and monitoring. This happens in various settings – within the ...

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World Health Organization, Centre for Health Development : World H...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

S tewardship is the last of the four health systems functions examined in this report, and it is arguably the most important. It ranks above and differs from the others – service delivery, input production, and financing – for one outstanding reason: the ultimate responsibility for the overall performance of a country’s health system must always lie with government. Stewardship not only influences the other functions, it makes possible the attainment of each health syste...

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The Deepening Crisis in the Ussr : Prospects for the Next Year

By: Central Intelegence Agent

Excerpt: Key Judgments; The USSR is in the midst of a historic transformation that threatens to tear the country apart. The old Communist order is in its death throes. But its diehards remain an obstructive force, and new political parties and institutions have yet to prove their effectiveness. The erosion of the center's influence, coupled with the republics' assertion of sovereignty, is creating a power vacuum. Gorbachev has amassed impressive power on paper, but his a...

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Sunset Law on Federal Employees

By: George W. Rathjens

Excerpt: On September 22, as this was going to press, the Department says she does not know what impact the Director of the Department of Transportation’s office of assault will have on the employee’s future at DOT! civil rights, Ellen Feingold, was punched in the nose, and then kicked in the pelvis while she was lying on the floor, Unfortunately, the whistle blowers with whom FAS has by a disgruntled employee to whom she had given notice worked do not seem to get compar...

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Robert Marion la Follette Robert Marion la Follette

Excerpt: In 1955, by resolution of the Senate, the Special Committee on the movement, Robert Marion La Follette was a Senate Reception Room was established to select five outstandingU.S. representative, governor, and U.S. senator from Wisconsin, and an unsuc-persons who had served as members of the Senate. Their likecessful candidate for the presidency. La nesses would be placed in the room’s medallion ovals that were Follette was born in the town of Primrose, left vacan...

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Crs Report for Congress Received through the Crs Web U. S. Treatme...

By: Jennifer K. Elsea

Summary: Photographs depicting the apparent abuse of Iraqi detainees at the hands of U.S. military personnel at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq have resulted in numerous investigations, congressional hearings, and prosecutions, raising questions regarding the applicable law. The international law of armed conflict, in particular, those parts relating to belligerent occupation, applies in Iraq. The four Geneva Conventions of 1949 related to the treatment of prisoners of war (PO...

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Crs Report for Congress Received through the Crs Web Homeland Secu...

By: Harold C. Relyea

Summary: After substantial congressional treatment, President George W. Bush gave impetus to the creation of a Department of Homeland Security when, on June 6, 2002, he proposed the establishment of such an entity by the 107th Congress. The President transmitted his department proposal to the House of Representatives on June 18, where it was subsequently introduced by request (H.R. 5005). The House approved the bill in amended form on July 26. The Senate did not begin co...

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National Science Foundation Rotational Vacancy

Excerpt: Positions will be filled on a one or two year Visiting Scientist Appointment, under the terms of the Intergovernmental Personnel Act (IPA), or as a Federal Temporary Appointment. Temporary and Visiting Scientist appointments will be made under the Excepted Authority of the NSF Act with a salary range of $72,108 -- $113,597 (Associate Program Director) or $85,210 – $132,791 (Program Director) depending on qualifications and experience. For Visiting Scientist appo...

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International Trade Administration U. S. And Foreign Commercial Se...

By: epartment of Commerce

Excerpt: The Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988 directs the Office of Inspector General to conduct periodic audits of the U.S. and Foreign Commercial Service (US&FCS) and to report to the Congress the results of such audits. The act specifies that the audits are to include an evaluation of US&FCS?s management of its foreign service personnel system and the placement of domestic- and foreign-based personnel. This report presents our latest review of US&FCS?s ma...

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Human Capital Dhs Personnel System Design Effort Provides for Coll...

By: General Accounting Office

Government Accountability Integrity Reliability Office Collection

Excerpt: The effort to design a human capital management system for DHS generally reflects important elements of effective transformations. -- Leadership. One of the strengths of the effort to transform the culture of organizations going into DHS has been the on-going commitment of both DHS and Office of Personnel Management (OPM) leaders to stimulate and support the effort to design a human capital system. -- Strategic Goals. DHS is currently developing a strategic plan...

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Foreign Assistance Usaid Needs to Improve Its Workforce Planning a...

By: Jess T. Ford

Government Accountability Integrity Reliability Office Collection

Excerpt: USAID has evolved from an agency in which U.S. direct-hire staff directly implemented development projects to one in which U.S. direct-hire staff oversee the activities of contractors and grantees. Since 1992, the number of USAID U.S. direct-hire staff declined by 37 percent, but the number of countries with USAID programs doubled and, over the last 2 years, program funding increased more than 78 percent. As a result of these and other changes in its workforce a...

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Foreign Assistance Usaid Needs to Improve Its Workforce Planning a...

By: General Accounting Office

Government Accountability Integrity Reliability Office Collection

Excerpt: USAID has evolved from an agency in which U.S. direct-hire staff directly implemented development projects to one in which U.S. direct-hire staff oversee the activities of contractors and grantees. Since 1992, the number of USAID U.S. direct-hire staff declined by 37 percent, but the number of countries with USAID programs doubled and, over the last 2 years, program funding increased more than 78 percent. As a result of these and other changes in its workforce a...

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U.S. Postal Service Actions to Improve Its Financial Reporting

By: Bernard L. Ungar

Government Accountability Integrity Reliability Office Collection

Excerpt: viability, it is imperative that the U.S. Postal Service (the Service), the Congress, stakeholders, and the public have adequate information available to them to understand the Service?s financial situation and assess its progress towards meeting its performance goals and planning for its future. During the first part of fiscal year 2001, the Service made numerous revisions to its estimated net income with little or no public explanation. The Service?s financial...

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Human Capital Preliminary Observations on Proposed Dhs Human Capit...

By: David M. Walker

Government Accountability Integrity Reliability Office Collection

Excerpt: The proposed human capital system is designed to be aligned with the department?s mission requirements and is intended to protect the civil service rights of DHS employees. Many of the basic principles underlying the DHS regulations are consistent with proven approaches to strategic human capital management, including several approaches pioneered by GAO, and deserve serious consideration. However, some parts of the system raise questions that DHS, OPM, and Congr...

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Human Capital Preliminary Observations on Proposed Dhs Human Capit...

By: General Accounting Office

Government Accountability Integrity Reliability Office Collection

Excerpt: The proposed human capital system is designed to be aligned with the department?s mission requirements and is intended to protect the civil service rights of DHS employees. Many of the basic principles underlying the DHS regulations are consistent with proven approaches to strategic human capital management, including several approaches pioneered by GAO, and deserve serious consideration. However, some parts of the system raise questions that DHS, OPM, and Congr...

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