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 Date: 2013, Volume 1, October 2007 Book Id: WPLBN0002828328 ► Abstract Description DetailsGenerally, combinatorics deals with twofold: Question 1.1. to determine or find structures or properties of configurations, such as those structure results appeared in graph theory, combinatorial maps and design theory,..., etc.. Question 1.2. to enumerate configurations, such as those appeared in the enumeration of graphs, labeled graphs, rooted maps, unrooted maps and combinatorial designs,...,etc..... Table of Contents DetailsCombinatorial Speculation and Combinatorial Conjecture for Mathematics BY LINFAN MAO. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Structures of Cycle Bases with Some Extremal Properties BY HAN REN and YUN BAI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 The Crossing Number of K1,5,n BY HANFEI MEI and YUANQIU HUANG. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Pseudo-manifold Geometries with Applications BY LINFAN MAO. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Minimum Cycle Base of Graphs Identified by Two Planar Graphs BY DENGJU MA and HAN REN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 A Combinatorially generalized Stokes Theorem on Integrations BY LINFAN MAO. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 A No...
 Book Id: WPLBN0100003064 Subjects: Non Fiction, Philosophy, Algebraic logic Collections: Authors Community, Mathematics ► Abstract Description DetailsThis annotated version of Boole's "Mathematical Analysis of Logic" makes the extent to which Boole based his algebra of logic on the algebra of the integers. Problems are pointed out that will be dealt with in his famous 1854 "Laws of Thought"... Excerpt DetailsThe algebra Boole used in MAL to analyze logical reasoning is quite elementary, at least until the general theory starts on p. 60. But there is much that needs to be clarified---on many a page one can ask "Exactly what did Boole mean to say here?"...
 Date: 2013, Volume 1, No. 1, 2005 Book Id: WPLBN0002828560 Subjects: Non Fiction, Education, Algebra ► Abstract Description DetailsThe main purpose of this paper is using the elementary method to study the mean value properties of the Smarandache function, and give an interesting asymptotic formula.... Excerpt Detailsx1. Introduction In reference [1], the Smarandache Sum of Composites Between Factors function SCBF(n) is defined as: The sum of composite numbers between the smallest prime factor of n and the largest prime factor of n. For example, SCBF(14)=10, since 2£7 = 14 and the sum of the composites between 2 and 7 is: 4 + 6 = 10. In reference [2]: A number n is called simple number if the product of its proper divisors is less than or equal to n. Let A denotes set of all simple numbers. That is, A = f2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8; 9; 10; 11; 13; 14; 15; 17; 19; 21. ... Table of Contents DetailsOn the Smarandache function and square complements 1 Zhang Wenpeng , Xu Zhefeng On the integer part of the k -th root of a positive integer 5 Zhang Tianping , Ma Yuankui Smarandache “Chopped” NN and N + 1N¡1 9 Jason Earls The 57 -th Smarandache’s problem II 13 Liu Huaning , Gao Jing Perfect Powers in Smarandache n - Expressions 15 Muneer Jebreel Karama On the m -th power residue of n 25 Li Junzhuang and Zhao Jian Generalization of the divisor products and proper divisor products sequences 29 Liang Fangchi The science of lucky sciences 33 Jon Perry Smarandache Sequence of Unhappy Numbers 37 Muneer Jebreel Karama On m -th power free part of an integer 39 Zhao Xiaopeng and Ren Zhibin On two new arithmetic functions and the k -power complement number sequences 43 Xu Zhefeng Smarandache Replicating Digital Function Numbers 49 Jason Earls On the m -power residues numbers sequence 53 Ma Yuankui , Zhang Tianping Smarandache Reverse Power Summation Numbers 57 Jason Earls Some Smarandache Identities 59 Muneer Jebreel Karama On the integer part of a positive integer’s k -th root 61 Yang Hai , F...
 Date: 2008, Volume 2 Book Id: WPLBN0100003043 Subjects: Non Fiction, Education, Arithmetic Collections: Authors Community, Mathematics ► Abstract Description DetailsA completely new and unique method of multiplication where you can: 1.) Multiply positive numbers, get negative answers, and still achieve the correct positive result. 2.) Attach numbers to one another to bypass multiplication and addition steps. 3.) Choose one of many different paths to solve the same problem based on your own individual strengths and preferences. 4.) Multiply numbers into the billions with ease!...
 Book Id: WPLBN0002097099 ► Abstract Description DetailsThis book arose out of a collection of papers written by Amarnath Murthy. The papers deal with mathematical ideas derived from the work of Florentin Smarandache, a man who seems to have no end of ideas. Most of the papers were published in Smarandache Notions Journal and there was a great deal of overlap. My intent in transforming the papers into a coherent book was to remove the duplications, organize the material based on topic and clean up some of the most obvious errors. However, I made no attempt to verify every statement, so the mathematical work is almost exclusively that of Murthy....
 Book Id: WPLBN0002097120 ► Abstract Table of Contents DetailsGeometrie (clasa a IX-a). 4 -- Geometrie §i trigonometrie. 27 -- Probleme diverse. 47 -- Probleme recapitulative. 56 -- Geometrie spatiala. 61 -- Drepte §i plane. 85 -- Probleme recapitulative. 97 -- Proectii. 128 -- Geornetrie §i trigonormtrie (clasa a X-a). 144 --...
 Book Id: WPLBN0002097119 ► Abstract Description DetailsProgress in Physics has been created for publications on advanced studies in theoretical and experimental physics, including related themes from mathematics. All submitted papers should be professional, in good English, containing a brief review of a problem and obtained results. All submissions should be designed in LATEX format using Progress in Physics template. This template can be downloaded from Progress in Physics home page http://www.geocities.com/ptep_online. Abstract and the necessary information about author(s) should be included into the papers. To submit a paper, mail the file(s) to Chief Editor. All submitted papers should be as brief as possible. Short articles are preferable. All that has been accepted for the online issue of Progress in Physics is printed in the paper version of the journal. To order printed issues, contact Chief Editor. This journal is non-commercial, academic edition. It is printed from private donations.... Excerpt DetailsAs shown, experiments registered unmatter: a new kind of matter whose atoms include both nucleons and anti-nucleons, while their life span was very short, no more than 10-20sec. Stable states of unmatter can be built on quarks and anti-quarks: applying the unmatter principle here it is obtained a quantum chromodynamics formula that gives many combinations of unmatter built on quarks and anti-quarks....
 Book Id: WPLBN0002097645 Subjects: Non-Fiction, Education, Smarandache Collections Collections: Literature, Education, Authors Community, Mathematics ► Abstract Description DetailsThe theory of loops (groups without associativity), though researched by several mathematicians has not found a sound expression, for books, be it research level or otherwise, solely dealing with the properties of loops are absent. This is in marked contrast with group theory where books are abundantly available for all levels: as graduate texts and as advanced research books....
 Date: 2013, Volume 2, July 2009 Book Id: WPLBN0002828340 ► Abstract Description DetailsAims and Scope: The International J.Mathematical Combinatorics (ISSN 1937-1055) is a fully refereed international journal, and published quarterly comprising 100-150 pages approx. per volume, which publishes original research papers and survey articles in all aspects of Smarandache multi-spaces, Smarandache geometries, mathematical combinatorics, non-euclidean geometry and topology and their applications to other sciences. Topics in detail to be covered are: Smarandache multi-spaces with applications to other sciences, such as those of algebraic multi-systems, multi-metric spaces,. . . , etc.. Smarandache geometries; Differential Geometry; Geometry on manifolds; Topological graphs; Algebraic graphs; Random graphs; Combinatorial maps; Graph and map enumeration; Combinatorial designs; Combinatorial enumeration; Low Dimensional Topology; Differential Topology; Topology of Manifolds; Geometrical aspects of Mathematical Physics and Relations with Manifold Topology; Applications of Smarandache multi-spaces to theoretical physics; Applications of Combinatorics to mathematics and theoretical physics; Mathematical theory on gravitatio... Table of Contents DetailsContents Tangent Space and Derivative Mapping on Time Scale BY EMIN ¨OZYILMAZ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 Basic Properties Of Second Smarandache Bol Loops BY T.G.JA´IY´E O. L´A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Smarandachely Precontinuous maps and Preopen Sets in Topological Vector Spaces BY SAYED ELAGAN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Path Double Covering Number of Product Graphs BY A. NAGARAJAN, V. MAHESWARI, S. NAVANEETHAKRISHNAN. . . . . . 27 Some Remarks on Fuzzy N-Normed Spaces BY SAYED ELAGAN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 σ-Coloring of the Monohedral Tiling BY M. E. BASHER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 The Forcing Domination Number of Hamiltonian Cubic Graphs BY H.ABDOLLAHZADEH AHANGAR AND PUSHPALATHA L. . . . . . . . . . 53 Permutation Polynomials modulo n, n 6= 2w and Latin Squares BY VADIRAJA BHATTA G. R. and SHANKAR B. R. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Graphoidal Tree d - Cover BY S.SOMASUNDARAM, A.NAGARAJAN AND G.MA...
 Book Id: WPLBN0002097129 Collections: Literature, Language, Authors Community, Mathematics ► Abstract Description DetailsThis book contains a collection of poetry compiled by the author Florentin Smarandache.
 Date: 2013, Volume 2, July 2010 Book Id: WPLBN0002828342 ► Abstract Description DetailsAims and Scope: The International J.Mathematical Combinatorics (ISSN 1937-1055) is a fully refereed international journal, and published quarterly comprising 100-150 pages approx. per volume, which publishes original research papers and survey articles in all aspects of Smarandache multi-spaces, Smarandache geometries, mathematical combinatorics, non-euclidean geometry and topology and their applications to other sciences. Topics in detail to be covered are: Smarandache multi-spaces with applications to other sciences, such as those of algebraic multi-systems, multi-metric spaces,. . . , etc.. Smarandache geometries; Differential Geometry; Geometry on manifolds; Topological graphs; Algebraic graphs; Random graphs; Combinatorial maps; Graph and map enumeration; Combinatorial designs; Combinatorial enumeration; Low Dimensional Topology; Differential Topology; Topology of Manifolds; Geometrical aspects of Mathematical Physics and Relations with Manifold Topology; Applications of Smarandache multi-spaces to theoretical physics; Applications of Combinatorics to mathematics and theoretical physics; Mathematical theory on gravitatio... Table of Contents DetailsContents On the Crypto-Automorphism of the Buchsteiner Loops BY J.O.AD´EN´IRN and Y.T.OYEBO. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .01 Generalizations of Poly-Bernoulli Numbers and Polynomials BY HASSAN JOLANY, M.R.DARAFSHEH AND R.EIZADI ALIKELAYE . . . . 07 Open Alliance in Graphs BY N.JAFARI RAD AND H.REZAZADEH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 The Forcing Weak Edge Detour Number of a Graph BY A.P.SANTHAKUMARAN AND S.ATHISAYANATHAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Special Smarandache Curves in the Euclidean Space BY AHMAD T. ALI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 The H-Line Signed Graph of a Signed Graph BY R.RANGARAJAN, M. S. SUBRAMANYA AND P. SIVA KOTA REDDY. . . .37 Min-Max Dom-Saturation Number of a Tree BY S. ARUMUGAM AND S. SUDHA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Embeddings of Circular graph C(2n + 1, 2) (n ≥ 2) on the Projective Plane BY XINQIU LIU, YUANQIU HUANG AND JING WANG. . . . . . . . . . . . .53 A Note On Jump Symmetric n-Sigraph BY H. A.MALATHI AND H. C.SAVITHRI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 New Families of Mean Graphs ...
 Book Id: WPLBN0002097098 Collections: Math, Literature, Mathematics, Authors Community ► Abstract Description DetailsSe confunda adesea paradoxul cu exercl- siul plat si plicticos al reabilitarii truismelor. Nu se poate nega fapsll ca pentru a intoarce 10- curile comune isl trebule curaj.Nimic mai rlscant decit a lucra cu banalltatea.si totuGi,paradoxul bine facut atinge pragul filosoflel.Devine 0 forrna penetranta de cllnoastere.Valoarea de excep1tie a paradoxului care di unor acte aparent insignifiante un sens Ildinc !;Ii revelator a fost intuita de Alexandru Paleologu : "Paradoxul e 0 alarmS. a inteligentel,un contact inedit cu adevarul n....
 Date: 2013, Volume 4, December 2010 Book Id: WPLBN0002828354 ► Abstract Description DetailsAims and Scope: The International J.Mathematical Combinatorics (ISSN 1937-1055) is a fully refereed international journal, and published quarterly comprising 100-150 pages approx. per volume, which publishes original research papers and survey articles in all aspects of Smarandache multi-spaces, Smarandache geometries, mathematical combinatorics, non-euclidean geometry and topology and their applications to other sciences. Topics in detail to be covered are: Smarandache multi-spaces with applications to other sciences, such as those of algebraic multi-systems, multi-metric spaces,. . . , etc.. Smarandache geometries; Differential Geometry; Geometry on manifolds; Topological graphs; Algebraic graphs; Random graphs; Combinatorial maps; Graph and map enumeration; Combinatorial designs; Combinatorial enumeration; Low Dimensional Topology; Differential Topology; Topology of Manifolds; Geometrical aspects of Mathematical Physics and Relations with Manifold Topology; Applications of Smarandache multi-spaces to theoretical physics; Applications of Combinatorics to mathematics and theoretical physics; Mathematical theory on gravitatio... Excerpt DetailsOn (∈ vq)-Fuzzy Bigroup Abstract: In this paper, we introduce the concept of fuzzy singleton to bigroup, and uses it to define (∈ v q)- fuzzy bigroup and discuss its properties. We investigate whether or not the fuzzy point of a bigroup will belong to or quasi coincident with its fuzzy set if the constituent fuzzy points of the constituting subgroups both belong to or quasi coincident with their respective fuzzy sets, and vise versa. We also prove that a fuzzy bisubset μ is an (∈ vq)-fuzzy subbigroup of the bigroup G if its constituent fuzzy subsets are (∈ vq)-fuzzy subgroups of their respective subgroups among others. Key Words: Bigroups, fuzzy bigroups, fuzzy singleton on bigroup, (∈ vq)- fuzzy subgroups, (∈ vq)- fuzzy bigroup ... Table of Contents DetailsContents On (∈ vq)- Fuzzy Bigroup BY AKINOLA L.S. and AGBOOLA A.A.A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 Connectivity of Smarandachely Line Splitting Graphs BY B.BASAVANAGOUD and VEENA MATHAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 08 Separation for Triple-Harmonic Di?erential Operator in Hilbert Space BY E.M.E.ZAYED and S.A.OMRAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Classification of Differentiable Graph BY A. El-Abed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 On Equitable Coloring of Helm Graph and Gear Graph BY KALIRAJ.K and VERNOLD VIVIN.J . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 On the Roman Edge Domination Number of a Graph BY K. EBADI, E. KHODADADI and L. PUSHPALATHA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 The Upper Monophonic Number of a Graph BY J.JOHN and S.PANCHALI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Some Results on Pair Sum Labeling of Graphs BY R. PONRAJ, J.VIJAYA XAVIER PARTHIPAN and R.KALA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Weierstrass Formula for Minimal Surface in the Special Three-Dimensional Kenmotsu Manifold K with _-...
 Book Id: WPLBN0002097113 Collections: Math, Literature, Authors Community, Mathematics ► Abstract Table of Contents DetailsProblemes Distrayants. 5 – Arithetique. 16 – Logique: Athekatique. 39 – Trigonometrie. 42 – Geometrie. 48 – Analyse. 68 – Algebre. 84 --
 Date: 2013, Volume 3, October 2008 Book Id: WPLBN0002828346 ► Abstract Description DetailsAims and Scope: The International J.Mathematical Combinatorics (ISSN 1937-1055) is a fully refereed international journal, and published quarterly comprising 100-150 pages approx. per volume, which publishes original research papers and survey articles in all aspects of Smarandache multi-spaces, Smarandache geometries, mathematical combinatorics, non-euclidean geometry and topology and their applications to other sciences. Topics in detail to be covered are: Smarandache multi-spaces with applications to other sciences, such as those of algebraic multi-systems, multi-metric spaces,. . . , etc.. Smarandache geometries; Differential Geometry; Geometry on manifolds; Topological graphs; Algebraic graphs; Random graphs; Combinatorial maps; Graph and map enumeration; Combinatorial designs; Combinatorial enumeration; Low Dimensional Topology; Differential Topology; Topology of Manifolds; Geometrical aspects of Mathematical Physics and Relations with Manifold Topology; Applications of Smarandache multi-spaces to theoretical physics; Applications of Combinatorics to mathematics and theoretical physics; Mathematical theory on gravitatio... Excerpt DetailsExtending Homomorphism Theorem to Multi-Systems Abstract: The multi-laterality of WORLD implies multi-systems to be its best candidate model for ones cognition on nature, which is also included in an ancient book of China, TAO TEH KING written by Lao Zi, an ancient philosopher of China. Then how it works to mathematics, not suspended in thought? This paper explains this action by mathematical logic on mathematical systems generalized to Smarandache systems, or such systems with combinatorial structures, i.e., combinatorial systems, and shows how to extend the homomorphism theorem in abstract algebra to multi-systems or combinatorial systems. All works in this paper are motivated by a combinatorial speculation of mine which is reformed on combinatorial systems and can be also applied to geometry. Key Words: Homomorphism theorem, multi-system, combinatorial system. ... Table of Contents DetailsContents Extending Homomorphism Theorem to Multi-Systems BY LINFAN MAO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 A Double Cryptography Using the Smarandache Keedwell Cross Inverse Quasigroup BY T. G. JA´IY´EOL´A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 On the Time-like Curves of Constant Breadth in Minkowski 3-Space BY SUHA YILMAZ AND MELIH TURGUT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 On the Basis Number of the Strong Product of Theta Graphs with Cycles BY M.M.M. JARADAT, M.F. JANEM AND A.J. ALAWNEH. . . . . . . . . . . .40 Smarandache Curves in Minkowski Space-time BY MELIH TURGUT AND S¨UHA YILMAZ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 The Characterization of Symmetric Primitive Matrices with exponent n − 3 BY LICHAO, HUANGFU AND JUNLIANG CAI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 The Crossing Number of the Circulant Graph C(3k − 1; {1, k}) BY JING WANG AND YUANQIU HUANG. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79 On the Edge Geodetic and k-Edge Geodetic Number of a Graph BY A.P. SANTHAKUMARAN AND S.V. ULLAS CHANDRAN. . . . . . . . . .85 Simple Path Cove...
 Book Id: WPLBN0002828484 Subjects: Non Fiction, Science, Theory of Relativity ► Abstract Description DetailsIn chapter 1, following the Special Theory of Relativity, we generalize the Lorentz Contraction Factor C(v) to an Oblique-Contraction Factor OC(v, θ), which gives the contraction factor of the lengths moving at an oblique angle with respect to the motion direction. In the chapters 2-5 we show several inconsistencies, contradictions, and anomalies in the Special and General Theories of Relativity... Excerpt Details1.3. Oblique-Length Contraction Factor The Special Theory of Relativity asserts that all lengths in the direction of motion are contracted, while the lengths at right angles to the motion are unaffected. But it didn’t say anything about lengths at oblique angle to the motion (i.e. neither perpendicular to, nor along the motion direction), how would they behave? This is a generalization of Galilean Relativity, i.e. we consider the oblique lengths. The length contraction factor in the motion direction is: C(v) = The square root of (1 – (v squared divided by c squared )(5) Suppose we have a rectangular object with width W and length L that travels at a constant speed v with respect to an observer on Earth. ... Table of Contents DetailsChapter 1. Contraction and Dilation Factors in The Special Theory of Relativity: 15 Chapter 2. New Paradoxes for The Special Theory of Relativity: 38 Chapter 3. Other Paradoxes for The Special Theory of Relativity: 53 Chapter 4. Dilemmas for The General Theory of Relativity: 77 Chapter 5. Open Questions and Remarks: 101 ...
 Date: 2013, Volume 3, October 2009 Book Id: WPLBN0002828348 ► Abstract Description DetailsAims and Scope: The International J.Mathematical Combinatorics (ISSN 1937-1055) is a fully refereed international journal, and published quarterly comprising 100-150 pages approx. per volume, which publishes original research papers and survey articles in all aspects of Smarandache multi-spaces, Smarandache geometries, mathematical combinatorics, non-euclidean geometry and topology and their applications to other sciences. Topics in detail to be covered are: Smarandache multi-spaces with applications to other sciences, such as those of algebraic multi-systems, multi-metric spaces,. . . , etc.. Smarandache geometries; Differential Geometry; Geometry on manifolds; Topological graphs; Algebraic graphs; Random graphs; Combinatorial maps; Graph and map enumeration; Combinatorial designs; Combinatorial enumeration; Low Dimensional Topology; Differential Topology; Topology of Manifolds; Geometrical aspects of Mathematical Physics and Relations with Manifold Topology; Applications of Smarandache multi-spaces to theoretical physics; Applications of Combinatorics to mathematics and theoretical physics; Mathematical theory on gravitatio... Excerpt Details§1. Why is the WORLD a Combinatorial One? The multiplicity of the WORLD results in modern sciences overlap and hybrid, also implies its combinatorial structure. To see more clear, we present two meaningful proverbs following. Proverb 1. Ames Room An Ames room is a distorted room constructed so that from the front it appears to be an ordinary cubic-shaped room, with a back wall and two side walls parallel to each other and perpendicular to the horizontally level floor and ceiling. As a result of the optical illusion, a person standing in one corner appears to the observer to be a giant, while a person standing in the other corner appears to be a dwarf. The illusion is convincing enough that a person walking back and forth from the left corner to the right corner appears to grow or shrink. ... Table of Contents DetailsContents Combinatorial Fields - An Introduction BY LINFAN MAO. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .01 A Spacetime Geodesics of the Schwarzschild Space and Its Deformation Retract BY H. RAFAT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 On Degree Equitable Sets in a Graph BY A. ANITHA, S. ARUMUGAM AND E. SAMPATHKUMAR . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Smarandachely k-Constrained Number of Paths and Cycles BY P. DEVADAS RAO, B. SOORYANARAYANA, M. JAYALAKSHMI . . . . . . . . . 48 On Functions Preserving Convergence of Series in Fuzzy n-Normed Spaces BY SAYED ELAGAN AND MOHAMAD RAFI SEGI RAHMAT . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Achromatic Coloring on Double Star Graph Families BY VERNOLD VIVIN J., VENKATACHALAM M. AND AKBAR ALI M.M. . . . . . 71 Some Results on Super Mean Graphs BY R.VASUKI AND A.NAGARAJAN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82 Chromatic Polynomial of Smarandache νE-Product of Graphs BY KHALIL PARYAB AND EBRAHIM ZARE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97 Open Distance-Pattern Uniform Graphs BY BIBIN K. JOSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....
 Book Id: WPLBN0002097138 ► Abstract Description DetailsThis book is the Spanish translation of Applications of Smarandache Function, and Prime and Coprime Functions.
 Book Id: WPLBN0002097083 Subjects: Non Fiction, Education, Mathematics ► Abstract Description DetailsI have met the Smarandache's world for the first time about one year ago reading some articles and problems published in the Journal of Recreational Mathematics. From then on I discovered the interesting American Research Press web site dedicated to the Smarandache notions and held by Dr. Perez (address: http://www.gallup.unm.edu/~smarandache/), the Smarandache Notions Journal always published by American Research Press, and several books on conjectures, functions, unsolved problems, notions and other proposed by Professor F. Smarandache in "The Florentin Smarandache papers" special collections at: the Arizona State University (Tempe, USA), Archives of American Mathematics (University of Texas at Austin, USA), University of Craiova Library (Romania), and Archives of State (Rm. Valcea, Romania). The Smarandache's universe is undoubtedly very fascinating and is halfway between the number theory and the recreational mathematics. Even though sometime this universe has a very simple structure from number theory standpoint, it doesn't cease to be deeply mysterious and interesting. This book, following the Smarandache spirit, presents new ...
 Book Id: WPLBN0002097041 Subjects: Non Fiction, Education, Smarandache Collections Collections: Literature, Education, Trigonometry, Authors Community, Mathematics ► Abstract Description DetailsPerformantele matematicii actuale,ca si descoperirile din viitor isi au,desigur, inceputul in cea mai veche si mai aproape de filozofie ramura a matematicii, in teoria numerelor. Matematicienii din toate timpurile au fost, sunt si vor fi atrasi de frumusetea si varietatea problemelor specifice acestei ramuri a matematicii. Regina a matematicii, care la randul ei este regina a stiintelor, dupa cum spunea Gauss, teoria numerelor straluceste cu lumina si atractiile ei, fascinandu-ne si usurandu-ne drumul cunoasterii legitatilor ce guverneaza macrocosmosul si microcosmosul. De la etapa antichitatii, cand teoria numerelor era cuprinsa in aritrnetica, la etapa aritrneticii superioare din perioada Renasterii, cand teoria numerelor a de venit parte de sine statatoare si ajungand la etapa moderna din secolele XIX si XXcand in teoria numerelor isi fac loc metode de cercetare din domenii vecine, ca teoria functiilor de variabila complexa si analiza matematicii drumul este lung, insa dens, cu rezultate surprinzatoare, ingenioase si culte nu numai teoriei propriuzise a numerelor, dar si altor domenii ale cunoasterii, atat teoretice cat si pra...
 Date: 2013, Volume 1, April 2010 Book Id: WPLBN0002828334 ► Abstract Description DetailsAims and Scope: The International J.Mathematical Combinatorics (ISSN 1937-1055) is a fully refereed international journal, and published quarterly comprising 100-150 pages approx. per volume, which publishes original research papers and survey articles in all aspects of Smarandache multi-spaces, Smarandache geometries, mathematical combinatorics, non-euclidean geometry and topology and their applications to other sciences. Topics in detail to be covered are: Smarandache multi-spaces with applications to other sciences, such as those of algebraic multi-systems, multi-metric spaces,. . . , etc.. Smarandache geometries; Differential Geometry; Geometry on manifolds; Topological graphs; Algebraic graphs; Random graphs; Combinatorial maps; Graph and map enumeration; Combinatorial designs; Combinatorial enumeration; Low Dimensional Topology; Differential Topology; Topology of Manifolds; Geometrical aspects of Mathematical Physics and Relations with Manifold Topology; Applications of Smarandache multi-spaces to theoretical physics; Applications of Combinatorics to mathematics and theoretical physics; Mathematical theory on gravitatio... Excerpt Detailsx4: Radio labeling of P3n for n is less than or equal to 5 or n = 7 In this section we determine radio numbers of cube path of small order as a special case....
 Book Id: WPLBN0002828232 ► Abstract Description DetailsThe Chinese edition of Advances and Applications of DSmT for Information Fusion (Collected Works) that explains the Dezert-Smarandache Theory. Excerpt Details作者在近年来 提出的似是而非和自相矛盾推理，DSmT，可以看作是 经典的 DSmT 的扩展，但是它们又存在着重要的差异。比如，DSmT 可以处理由 信度函数表示的任意类型独立信息源间的信息融合问题，但它的重点是处理不确 定、高度冲突和不精确的证据源的融合问题。DSmT 能够不受 DST 框架的限制， 处理复杂的静态或动态融合问题，特别是当信息源间的冲突非常大时，或者是所考 虑问题的框架（一般情况下用Θ表示）由于Θ中命题 之间的界限模糊、不确定、 不精确而很难细分时，DSmT 便发挥了它的优势。...
 Date: 2013, Volume 3, October 2010 Book Id: WPLBN0002828350 ► Abstract Description DetailsAims and Scope: The International J.Mathematical Combinatorics (ISSN 1937-1055) is a fully refereed international journal, and published quarterly comprising 100-150 pages approx. per volume, which publishes original research papers and survey articles in all aspects of Smarandache multi-spaces, Smarandache geometries, mathematical combinatorics, non-euclidean geometry and topology and their applications to other sciences. Topics in detail to be covered are: Smarandache multi-spaces with applications to other sciences, such as those of algebraic multi-systems, multi-metric spaces,. . . , etc.. Smarandache geometries; Differential Geometry; Geometry on manifolds; Topological graphs; Algebraic graphs; Random graphs; Combinatorial maps; Graph and map enumeration; Combinatorial designs; Combinatorial enumeration; Low Dimensional Topology; Differential Topology; Topology of Manifolds; Geometrical aspects of Mathematical Physics and Relations with Manifold Topology; Applications of Smarandache multi-spaces to theoretical physics; Applications of Combinatorics to mathematics and theoretical physics; Mathematical theory on gravitatio... Excerpt DetailsSmarandache-Zagreb Index on Three Graph Operators Abstract: Many researchers have studied several operators on a connected graph in which one make an attempt on subdivision of its edges. In this paper, we show how the Zagreb indices, a particular case of Smarandache-Zagreb index of a graph changes with these operators and extended these results to obtain a relation connecting the Zagreb index on operators. Key Words: Subdivision graph, ladder graph, Smarandache-Zagreb index, Zagreb index, graph operators. ... Table of Contents DetailsContents Smarandache-Zagreb Index on Three Graph Operators BY RANJINI P.S. and V.LOKESHA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 Total Minimal Dominating Signed Graph BY P.SIVA KOTA REDDY and S.VIJAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 The Number of Minimum Dominating Sets in Pn Å~ P2 BY H.B.WALIKAR, K.P. NARAYANKAR and S.S.SHIRAKOL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Super Fibonacci Graceful Labeling BY R.SRIDEVI, S.NAVANEETHAKRISHNAN AND K.NAGARAJAN. . . . . . . . . . .22 A Note on Smarandachely Consistent Symmetric n-Marked Graphs BY P.SIVA KOTA REDDY, V. LOKESHA and GURUNATH RAO VAIDYA. . . . . . . . .41 Some Fixed Point Theorems in Fuzzy n-Normed Spaces BY SAYED KHALIL ELAGAN and MOHAMAD RAFI SEGI RAHMAT . . . . . . . . . . 45 A Result of Ramanujan and Brahmagupta Polynomials Described by a Matrix Identity BY R. RANGARAJAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Biharmonic Slant Helices According to Bishop Frame in E3 BY ESSIN TURHAN and TALAT K¨ORPINAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Combinatorial Optimization in VLSI Hypergraph Partitioning Using Taguchi Methods...
 Date: 1993, Volume: 2 and 3 Book Id: WPLBN0002097132 ► Abstract Excerpt DetailsThis function is originated from the exiled Romanian professor Florentin Smarandache. It is defined as follows: For any non-null ~tegers n, S(n) is the smallest integer such that (S(n) )! is divisible by n....
 Date: 2013, Volume 1, March 2011 Book Id: WPLBN0002828336 ► Abstract Description DetailsAims and Scope: The International J.Mathematical Combinatorics (ISSN 1937-1055) is a fully refereed international journal, and published quarterly comprising 100-150 pages approx. per volume, which publishes original research papers and survey articles in all aspects of Smarandache multi-spaces, Smarandache geometries, mathematical combinatorics, non-euclidean geometry and topology and their applications to other sciences. Topics in detail to be covered are: Smarandache multi-spaces with applications to other sciences, such as those of algebraic multi-systems, multi-metric spaces,. . . , etc.. Smarandache geometries; Differential Geometry; Geometry on manifolds; Topological graphs; Algebraic graphs; Random graphs; Combinatorial maps; Graph and map enumeration; Combinatorial designs; Combinatorial enumeration; Low Dimensional Topology; Differential Topology; Topology of Manifolds; Geometrical aspects of Mathematical Physics and Relations with Manifold Topology; Applications of Smarandache multi-spaces to theoretical physics; Applications of Combinatorics to mathematics and theoretical physics; Mathematical theory on gravitatio... Excerpt DetailsSequences on Graphs with Symmetries Linfan Mao Chinese Academy of Mathematics and System Science, Beijing, 10080, P.R.China Beijing Institute of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Beijing, 100044, P.R.China E-mail: maolinfan@163.com Abstract: An interesting symmetry on multiplication of numbers found by Prof.Smarandache recently. By considering integers or elements in groups on graphs, we extend this symmetry on graphs and find geometrical symmetries. For extending further, Smarandache’s or combinatorial systems are also discussed in this paper, particularly, the CC conjecture presented by myself six years ago, which enables one to construct more symmetrical systems in mathematical sciences. Key Words: Smarandache sequence, labeling, Smarandache beauty, graph, group, Smarandache system, combinatorial system, CC conjecture... Table of Contents DetailsContents Lucas Graceful Labeling for Some Graphs BY M.A.PERUMAL, S.NAVANEETHAKRISHNAN AND A.NAGARAJAN . . . . . 01 Sequences on Graphs with Symmetries BY LINFAN MAO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Supermagic Coverings of Some Simple Graphs BY P.JEYANTHI AND P.SELVAGOPAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Elementary Abelian Regular Coverings of Cube BY FURONG WANG AND LIN ZHANG. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49 Super Fibonacci Graceful Labeling of Some Special Class of Graphs BY R.SRIDEVI, S.NAVANEETHAKRISHNAN AND K.NAGARAJAN. . . . . . . . 59 Surface Embeddability of Graphs via Tree-travels BY YANPEI LIU. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73 Edge Maximal C3 and C5-Edge Disjoint Free Graphs BY M.S.A.BATAINEH AND M.M.M.JARADAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 A Note on Admissible Mannheim Curves in Galilean Space G3 BY S.ERSOY, M.AKYIGIT AND M.TOSUN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 The Number of Spanning Trees in Generalized Complete Multipartite Graphs of Fan-Type BY JUNLIANGE CAI AND XIAOLI LIU . . . . . ....
 Book Id: WPLBN0002096587 Subjects: Non Fiction, Science, Number Theory ► Abstract Description DetailsFor any positive integer n, let (n) be the Euler function, and am(n) denotes the Smarandache m-th power residues function of n. The main purpose of this paper is using the elementary method to study the number of the solutions of the equation (n) = am(n), and give all solutions for this equation....
 Date: 2013, Volume 1, January 2008 Book Id: WPLBN0002828330 ► Abstract Description DetailsAims and Scope: The International J.Mathematical Combinatorics is a fully refereed international journal, sponsored by the MADIS of Chinese Academy of Sciences and published in USA quarterly comprising 100-150 pages approx. per volume, which publishes original research papers and survey articles in all aspects of Smarandachemulti-spaces, Smarandache geometries, mathematical combinatorics, non-euclidean geometry and topology and their applications to other sciences. Topics in detail to be covered are: Smarandache multi-spaces with applications to other sciences, such as those of algebraic multi-systems, multi-metric spaces,· · · , etc.. Smarandache geometries; Differential Geometry; Geometry on manifolds; Topological graphs; Algebraic graphs; Random graphs; Combinatorial maps; Graph and map enumeration; Combinatorial designs; Combinatorial enumeration; Low Dimensional Topology; Differential Topology; Topology of Manifolds; Geometrical aspects of Mathematical Physics and Relations with Manifold Topology; Applications of Smarandache multi-spaces to theoretical physics; Applications of Combinatorics to mathematics and theoretic... Excerpt DetailsAbstract: Let G be a group having a partially closed subset S such that S contains the identity element of G and each element in S has an inverse in S. Such subsets of G are called halfsubgroups of G. If a halfsubgroup S generates the group G, then S is called a halfsubgroup generating the group or hsgg in short. In this paper we prove some results on hsggs of a group. Order class of a group are special halfsubgroupoids. Elementary abelian groups are characterized as groups with maximum special halfsubgroupoids. Order class of a group with unity forms a typical halfsubgroup. Key words: halfsubgroup, hsgg, order class of an element. AMS(2000): 20Kxx, 20L05.... Table of Contents DetailsHalfsubgroups BY ARUN S. MUKTIBODH. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .01 Flexibility of Embeddings of a Halin Graph on the Projective Plane BY HAN REN and YUN BAI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .06 Curvature Equations on Combinatorial Manifolds with Applications to Theoretical Physics BY LINFAN MAO. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 A Pair of Smarandachely Isotopic Quasigroups and Loops of the Same Variety BY T. G. JA´IY´EOL´A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 A Revision to G¨odel’s Incompleteness Theorem by Neutrosophy BY YUHUA FU and ANJIE FU. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 On the basis Number and the Minimum Cycle Bases of the Wreath Product of Two Wheels BY M.M.M. JARADAT and M.K. AL-QEYYAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Theory of Relativity on the Finsler Spacetime BY SHENGLIN CAO. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 On the Number of Graceful Trees BY GUANGXUAN WANG. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 ...
 Date: 1995, Volume: 6 Book Id: WPLBN0002097134 ► Abstract Description DetailsThe submitted manuscripts may be in the format of remarks, conjectures, solved/unsolved or open new problems, notes, articles, miscellaneous, etc. They must be original work and camera ready [typewritten/computerized, format: 8.5 x 11 inches (z 21,6 x 28 centimetres)]. They are not returned, hence we advise the authors to keep a copy...
 Date: 2013, Volume 1, April 2009 Book Id: WPLBN0002828332 ► Abstract Description DetailsAims and Scope: The International J.Mathematical Combinatorics (ISSN 1937-1055) is a fully refereed international journal, and published quarterly comprising 100-150 pages approx. per volume, which publishes original research papers and survey articles in all aspects of Smarandache multi-spaces, Smarandache geometries, mathematical combinatorics, non-euclidean geometry and topology and their applications to other sciences. Topics in detail to be covered are: Smarandache multi-spaces with applications to other sciences, such as those of algebraic multi-systems, multi-metric spaces,. . . , etc.. Smarandache geometries; Differential Geometry; Geometry on manifolds; Topological graphs; Algebraic graphs; Random graphs; Combinatorial maps; Graph and map enumeration; Combinatorial designs; Combinatorial enumeration; Low Dimensional Topology; Differential Topology; Topology of Manifolds; Geometrical aspects of Mathematical Physics and Relations with Manifold Topology; Applications of Smarandache multi-spaces to theoretical physics; Applications of Combinatorics to mathematics and theoretical physics; Mathematical theory on gravitatio... Excerpt DetailsAbstract: In this paper we find the interrelations and the hidden pattern of the problems faced by the PWDs and their caretakers using Fuzzy Relational Maps (FRMs). Here we have taken the problems faced by the rural persons with disabilities in Melmalayanur and Kurinjipadi Blocks, Tamil Nadu, India. This paper is organized with the following four sections. Section one is introductory in nature giving the overall contents from the survey made about PWDs in the above said Blocks. Section two gives description of FRM models and the attributes taken for the study related with the PWDs and the caretakers, the FRM model formed using these attributes and their analysis. The third section gives the suggestions and conclusions derived from the survey as well as the FRM model. Key Words: FRM model, fixed point, hidden pattern, relational matrix, limit cycle. AMS(2000): 04A72.... Table of Contents DetailsStudy of the Problems of Persons with Disability (PWD) Using FRMs BY W.B.VASANTHA KANDASAMY, A.PRAVEEN PRAKASH AND K.THIRUSANGU 01 Topological Multi-groups and Multi-fields BY LINFAN MAO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 08 Shortest Co-cycle Bases of Graphs BY HAN REN AND JING HAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 On Involute and Evolute Curves of Spacelike Curve with a Spacelike Principal Normal in Minkowski 3 -Space BY BAHADDIN BUKCU AND MURAT KEMAL KARACAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Notes on the Curves in Lorentzian Plane L2 BY S¨ UHA YILMAZ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Cycle-Complete Graph Ramsey Numbers r(C4,K9), r(C5,K8) ≤ 33 BY M.M.M. JARADAT AND B.M.N. ALZALEQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Smarandache Breadth Pseudo Null Curves in Minkowski Space-time BY MELIH TURGUT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Smarandachely k -Constrained labeling of Graphs BY SHREEDHARK, B. SOORYANARAYANA AND RAGHUNATHP . . . . . . . . . . .50 Equiparity Path D...
 Book Id: WPLBN0002828550 Subjects: Non Fiction, Education, Bicodes Collections: Literature, Law, Education, Algebra, Authors Community, Mathematics ► Abstract Description DetailsThis book has four chapters. In chapter one we just recall the notion of RD codes, MRD codes, circulant rank codes and constant rank codes and describe their properties. In chapter two we introduce few new classes of codes and study some of their properties. In this chapter we introduce the notion of fuzzy RD codes and fuzzy RD bicodes. Rank distance m-codes are introduced in chapter three and the property of m-covering radius is analysed. Chapter four indicates some applications of these new classes of codes.... Excerpt DetailsDEFINITION 1.12: The ‘norm’ of a word v _ VN is defined as the ‘rank’ of v over GF(2) (By considering it as a circulant matrix over GF(2)). We denote the ‘norm’ of v by r(v). We just prove the following theorem. THEOREM 1.2: Suppose ____GF(2N) has the polynomial representation g(x) over GF(2) such that the gcd(g(x), xN +1) has degree N – k, where 0 _ k _ N. Then the ‘norm’ of the word generated by _ is ‘k’. ... Table of Contents DetailsPreface 5 Chapter One BASIC PROPERTIES OF RANK DISTANCE CODES 7 Chapter Two RANK DISTANCE BICODES AND THEIR PROPERTIES 25 Chapter Three RANK DISTANCE m-CODES 77 Chapter Four APPLICATIONS OF RANK DISTANCE m-CODES 131 FURTHER READING 133 INDEX 144 ABOUT THE AUTHORS 150...
 Date: 2013, Volume 2, April 2008 Book Id: WPLBN0002828338 ► Abstract Description DetailsAims and Scope: The International J.Mathematical Combinatorics (ISSN 1937-1055) is a fully refereed international journal, and published quarterly comprising 100-150 pages approx. per volume, which publishes original research papers and survey articles in all aspects of Smarandache multi-spaces, Smarandache geometries, mathematical combinatorics, non-euclidean geometry and topology and their applications to other sciences. Topics in detail to be covered are: Smarandache multi-spaces with applications to other sciences, such as those of algebraic multi-systems, multi-metric spaces,. . . , etc.. Smarandache geometries; Differential Geometry; Geometry on manifolds; Topological graphs; Algebraic graphs; Random graphs; Combinatorial maps; Graph and map enumeration; Combinatorial designs; Combinatorial enumeration; Low Dimensional Topology; Differential Topology; Topology of Manifolds; Geometrical aspects of Mathematical Physics and Relations with Manifold Topology; Applications of Smarandache multi-spaces to theoretical physics; Applications of Combinatorics to mathematics and theoretical physics; Mathematical theory on gravitatio... Excerpt DetailsThe Characterization of Symmetric Primitive Matrices with Exponent n − 2 Junliang Cai Abstract: In this paper the symmetric primitive matrices of order n with exponent n − 2 are completely characterized by applying a combinatorial approach, i.e., mathematical combinatorics ([7]). Key words: primitive matrix, primitive exponent, graph.... Table of Contents DetailsThe Characterization of Symmetric Primitive Matrices with Exponent n − 2 BY JUNLIANG CAI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 Characterizations of Some Special Space-like Curves in Minkowski Space-time BY MELIH TURGUT AND SUHA YILMAZ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Combinatorially Riemannian Submanifolds BY LINFAN MAO. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Smarandache Half-Groups BY ARUN S.MUKTIBODH. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 On Smarandache Bryant Schneider Group of a Smarandache Loop BY T. G. JA´IY´EOL´A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Some Properties of Nilpotent Lattice Matrices BY QIYI FAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 On the Crossing Number of the Join of Some 5-Vertex Graphs and Pn BY BO LI, JING WANG AND YUANQIU HUANG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Identities by L-summing Method (II) BY MEHDI HASSANI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 On the Basis Numbe...
 Book Id: WPLBN0002827927 Subjects: Non Fiction, Technology, Computer ► Abstract Description DetailsAim of this book is to present basic mathematics that is needed by computer scientists The reader is not expected to be a mathematician and we hope you will find what follows to be useful....
 Date: 2013, Volume 4, January 2010 Book Id: WPLBN0002828352 ► Abstract Description DetailsAims and Scope: The International J.Mathematical Combinatorics (ISSN 1937-1055) is a fully refereed international journal, and published quarterly comprising 100-150 pages approx. per volume, which publishes original research papers and survey articles in all aspects of Smarandache multi-spaces, Smarandache geometries, mathematical combinatorics, non-euclidean geometry and topology and their applications to other sciences. Topics in detail to be covered are: Smarandache multi-spaces with applications to other sciences, such as those of algebraic multi-systems, multi-metric spaces,. . . , etc.. Smarandache geometries; Differential Geometry; Geometry on manifolds; Topological graphs; Algebraic graphs; Random graphs; Combinatorial maps; Graph and map enumeration; Combinatorial designs; Combinatorial enumeration; Low Dimensional Topology; Differential Topology; Topology of Manifolds; Geometrical aspects of Mathematical Physics and Relations with Manifold Topology; Applications of Smarandache multi-spaces to theoretical physics; Applications of Combinatorics to mathematics and theoretical physics; Mathematical theory on gravitatio... Excerpt DetailsOn the Bicoset of a Bivector Space Abstract: The study of bivector spaces was first intiated by Vasantha Kandasamy. The objective of this paper is to present the concept of bicoset of a bivector space and obtain some of its elementary properties. Key Words: bigroup, bivector space, bicoset, bisum, direct bisum, inner biproduct space, biprojection. ... Table of Contents DetailsContents On the Bicoset of a Bivector Space BY AGBOOLA A.A.A. AND AKINOLA L.S.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .01 Smarandachely Bondage Number of a Graph BY KARAM EBADI AND L.PUSHPALATHA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 09 Domination Number in 4-Regular Graphs BY H.Abdollahzadeh Ahangar AND Pushpalatha L. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Computing Smarandachely Scattering Number of Total Graphs BY AYSUN AYTAC AND ELGIN KILIC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 On the 3ψ3 Basic Bilateral Hypergeometric Series Summation Formulas BY K. R.VASUKI AND G.SHARATH. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41 Minimal Retraction of Space-time and Their Foldings BY A. E. El-AHMADY aND H. RAFAT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49 Efficient Domination in Bi-Cayley Graphs BY T. TAMIZH CHELVAM AND SIVAGNANAM MUTHARASU. . . . . . . . . .56 Independent Complementary Distance Pattern Uniform Graphs BY GERMINA K.A. AND BEENA KOSHY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63 On Smarandachely Harmonic Graphs BY D.D.SOMASHEKARA AND C.R.VEENA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 S...
 Book Id: WPLBN0002097105 ► Abstract Description DetailsTeoria Analitics a Numerelor reprezents pentru mine 0 pasiune. Rezultatele expuse mai departe constituie rodul catorva ani buni de cercetsri si csutsri. Lucrarea de fass se compune din 9 articole, publicate toate prin reviste de matematics romanesti sau strsine, iar unele prezentate chiar la congrese si conferinse nasionale cat si internasionale [vezi "Lista publicasiilor autorului pe tema tezei"). Ea se structureazs in patru capitole: - in primele trei capi tole se introduc noi funsii in teoria numerelor, se studiazs proprietssile lor, probleme nerezol vate legate de ele, implicasii in lumea stiinsific! internasional! (ce alsi matematicieni au abordat nosiunile acestea), conexisi cu alte funcsii bine stiute, importansa rezultatelor obsinute: - in ul timul capitol se aduc contribusii la studierea unei- funsii cunoscute in teoria numerelor (totient sau phi a lui Euler), in principal referitoare la conjectura lui carmichael. [Exist! referinse particulare dup! fiecare paraqraf (articol), iar referinse generale in finalul tezei.)...
 Date: 2013, Volume 2, June 2011 Book Id: WPLBN0002828344 ► Abstract Description DetailsAims and Scope: The International J.Mathematical Combinatorics (ISSN 1937-1055) is a fully refereed international journal, and published quarterly comprising 100-150 pages approx. per volume, which publishes original research papers and survey articles in all aspects of Smarandache multi-spaces, Smarandache geometries, mathematical combinatorics, non-euclidean geometry and topology and their applications to other sciences. Topics in detail to be covered are: Smarandache multi-spaces with applications to other sciences, such as those of algebraic multi-systems, multi-metric spaces,. . . , etc.. Smarandache geometries; Differential Geometry; Geometry on manifolds; Topological graphs; Algebraic graphs; Random graphs; Combinatorial maps; Graph and map enumeration; Combinatorial designs; Combinatorial enumeration; Low Dimensional Topology; Differential Topology; Topology of Manifolds; Geometrical aspects of Mathematical Physics and Relations with Manifold Topology; Applications of Smarandache multi-spaces to theoretical physics; Applications of Combinatorics to mathematics and theoretical physics; Mathematical theory on gravitatio... Excerpt DetailsDuality Theorems of Multiobjective Generalized Disjunctive Fuzzy Nonlinear Fractional Programming Abstract: This paper is concerned with the study of duality conditions to convex-concave generalized multiobjective fuzzy nonlinear fractional disjunctive programming problems for which the decision set is the union of a family of convex sets. The Lagrangian function for such problems is defined and the Kuhn-Tucker Saddle and Stationary points are characterized. In addition, some important theorems related to the Kuhn-Tucker problem for saddle and stationary points are established. Moreover, a general dual problem is formulated together with weak; strong and converse duality theorems are proved. Key Words: Generalized multiobjective fractional programming; Disjunctive programming; Convexity; Concavity; fuzzy parameters Duality. ... Table of Contents DetailsContents Duality Theorems of Multiobjective Generalized Disjunctive Fuzzy Nonlinear Fractional Programming BY E.E.AMMAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 Surface Embeddability of Graphs via Joint Trees BY YANPEI LIU. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 Plick Graphs with Crossing Number 1 BY B.BASAVANAGOUD AND V.R.KULLI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Effects of Foldings on Free Product of Fundamental Groups BY M.El-GHOUL, A. E.El-AHMADY, H.RAFAT AND M.ABU-SALEEM. . . . . . . 29 Absolutely Harmonious Labeling of Graphs BY M.SEENIVASAN AND A.LOURDUSAMY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 The Toroidal Crossing Number of K4n BY SHENGXIANG LV, TANG LING AND YUANGQIU HUANG . . . . . . . . . . 52 On Pathos Semitotal and Total Block Graph of a Tree BY MUDDEBIHAL M. H. AND SYED BABAJAN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Varieties of Groupoids and Quasigroups Generated by Linear-Bivariate Polynomials Over Ring Zn BY E.ILOJIDE, T.G.JAIYEOLA AND O.O.OWOJORI . . . . . 79 New Characterizations for Bertrand Curves in Minkowski 3-Space BY BAHADDIN BUKCU, MURAT K...
 Book Id: WPLBN0002097097 ► Abstract Description DetailsNe bucuram exprimAnd mult-umirile noast.re f'at-a de t.ot-i acei.cunescut- i sau mai put-in cunoscut-i.care de-a Iungul aniler ne-au ajut.at. sa ajungem la aceast.a cart.e.Sunt. mult-i.sunt. f'oart.e mult-i cei care ne-au ajut.at. ... Unii ne-au dat. sugest.ii.alsii ne-au oferit. idei. uneori ne-am st.raduit. impreunA sa descif'ram un amanunt. nelamurit.. alleori Invst-am din Int.rebarile mest.esugit.e sau poale chiar naive ale inlerloculorilor nost.rii:...
 Date: 2013, Volume 3, No. 4, 2007 Book Id: WPLBN0002828578 Subjects: Non Fiction, Science, Algebra ► Abstract Description DetailsScientia Magna is published annually in 200-300 pages per volume and 1,000 copies on topics such as mathematics, physics, philosophy, psychology, sociology, and linguistics.... Excerpt DetailsA structure theorem of right C-rpp semigroups1 Abstract A new method of construction for right C-rpp semigroups is given by using a right cross product of a right regular band and a strong semilattice of left cancellative monoids. Keywords Right C-rpp semigroups, right cross products, right regular bands, left cancellative monoids. x1. Introduction Recall that a semigroup S is called an rpp semigroup if all its principal right ideals aS1, regarded as right S1-systems, are projective. According to J.B. Fountain[5], a semigroup S is rpp if and only if, for any a 2 S, the set Ma=fe 2 E j S1a µ Se and for all x; y 2 S1, ax = ay ) ex = eyg is a non-empty set, where E is the set of all idempotents of S. An rpp semigroup S is called strongly rpp if for every a 2 S, there exists a unique idempotent e in Ma such that ea=a. It is easy to see that regular semigroups are rpp semigroups and completely regular semigroups are strongly rpp semigroups. Thus, rpp semigroups are generalizations of regular semigroups. A strongly rpp semigroups S is said to be a right C-rpp semigroup if L. _ R is a congruence on S and Se µ eS for all e 2 E(... Table of Contents DetailsX. Pan and B. Liu : On the irrational root sieve sequence 1 H. Liu : Sub-self-conformal sets 4 K. Liu : On mean values of an arithmetic function 12 L. Wang and Y. Liu : On an infinite series related to Hexagon-numbers 16 X. Ren, etc. : A structure theorem of right C-rpp semigroups 21 A. R. Gilani and B. N. Waphare : Fuzzy extension in BCI-algebras 26 A. S. Shabani : The Pell's equation x2 ¡ Dy2 = §a 33 L. Cheng : On the mean value of the Smarandache LCM function 41 W. Guan : Four problems related to the Pseudo-Smarandache-Squarefree function 45 Y. Lou : On the pseudo Smarandache function 48 J. L. Gonzalez : A miscellaneous remark on problems involving Mersenne primes 51 Y. Liu and J. Li : On the F.Smarandache LCM function and its mean value 52 N. T. Quang and P. D. Tuan : A generalized abc-theorem for functions of several variables 56 W. Liu, etc. : An assessment method for weight of experts at interval judgment 61 Y. Xue : On the F.Smarandache LCM function SL(n) 69 Y. Zheng : On the Pseudo Smarandache function and its two conjectures 74 Z. Ding : Diophantine equations and their positive integer solutions 77 S. Gou ...
 Book Id: WPLBN0002097056 Subjects: Non Fiction, Education, Mathematics ► Abstract Excerpt DetailsMi-a sosit, de curand, cu po~ta aeriana, 0 carte din Amcrica. Era expcdiata de Florentin Smarandache, din Phoenix. Arizona. un valcean de-al nostru din Balce~ti, fugit Inainte de revolutic prin Turcia ~i "aclimatizat" In Statele Unite. Cinc e Florentin Smarandache: profesor de matematica, aut or a peste cincisprczece volume. poet. initiator al curentului paradoxise acum cercetator la Corporatia de computere Honeywell. Arizona. L-am cunoscut bine pe acest domn In perioada studentiei, cand incerca sa publice la revista studentcasca pe care 0 conduceam, tot felul de jocuri matematice. pe care nici nu Ie Intelegeam, nici nu Ie gustam, dar pe care Ie-am publicae in final. de dragul omului....
 Date: 2013, Volume 2, No. 3, 2006 Book Id: WPLBN0002828568 Subjects: Non Fiction, Science, Algebra ► Abstract Description DetailsScientia Magna is published annually in 200-300 pages per volume and 1,000 copies on topics such as mathematics, physics, philosophy, psychology, sociology, and linguistics. ... Excerpt Detailsx3. Some Observations Some observations about the Pseudo-Smarandache Function are given below : Remark 3.1. Kashihara raised the following questions (see Problem 7 in [1]) : (1) Is there any integer n such that Z(n) > Z(n + 1) > Z(n + 2) > Z(n + 3)? (2) Is there any integer n such that Z(n) < Z(n + 1) < Z(n + 2) < Z(n + 3)? The following examples answer the questions in the affirmative: ... Table of Contents DetailsA. Majumdar : A note on the Pseudo-Smarandache function 1 S. Gupta : Primes in the Smarandache deconstructive sequence 26 S. Zhang and C. Chen : Recursion formulae for Riemann zeta function and Dirichlet series 31 A. Muktibodh : Smarandache semiquasi near-rings 41 J. Sandor : On exponentially harmonic numbers 44 T. Jayeo. la : Parastrophic invariance of Smarandache quasigroups 48 M. Karama : Perfect powers in Smarandache n-expressions 54 T. Jayeo. la : Palindromic permutations and generalized Smarandache palindromic permutations 65 J. Sandor : On certain inequalities involving the Smarandache function 78 A. Muktibodh : Sequences of pentagonal numbers 81 J. Gao : On the additive analogues of the simple function 88 W. Zhu : On the primitive numbers of power p 92 A. Vyawahare : Smarandache sums of products 96 N. Yuan : On the solutions of an equation involving the Smarandache dual function 104 H. Zhou : An in¯nite series involving the Smarandache power function SP(n) 109...
 Date: 2013, Volume 3, No. 2, 2007 Book Id: WPLBN0002828574 Subjects: Non Fiction, Science, Algebra ► Abstract Description DetailsScientia Magna is published annually in 200-300 pages per volume and 1,000 copies on topics such as mathematics, physics, philosophy, psychology, sociology, and linguistics.... Excerpt DetailsAbstract In this paper, we use 4-cyclotomic cosets of modulo n and generator polynomials to describe quaternary simple-root cyclic codes of length n = 85. We discuss the conditions under which a quaternary cyclic codes contain its dual, and obtain some quantum error-correcting codes of length n = 85, three of these codes are better than previous known codes. Keywords Quaternary cyclic code, self-orthogonal code, quantum error-correcting code. x1. Introduction Since the initial discovery of quantum error-correcting codes, researchers have made great progress in developing quantum error-correcting codes. Many code construction are given. Reference [1] gives a thorough discussion of the principles of quantum coding theory. Many good quantum error-correcting codes were constructed from BCH codes, Reed-Muller codes, Reed-Solomon codes and algebraic geometric codes, see [2-6]. So it is natural to construct quantum error-correcting codes from quaternary cyclic codes. It is known that there is a close relation between cyclotomic coset and cyclic codes. Suggested by this relation, we use 4-cyclotomic coset modulo n and generator polyn... Table of Contents DetailsS. M. Khairnar and M. More : Subclass of analytic and univalent functions in the unit disk 1 Y. Ma, etc. : Large quaternary cyclic codes of length 85 and related quantum error-correcting 9 J. Chen : Value distribution of the F.Smarandache LCM function 15 M. Bencze : About a chain of inequalities 19 C. Tian and N. Yuan : On the Smarandache LCM dual function 25 J. Caltenco, etc. : Riemannian 4-spaces of class two 29 Y. Xue : On a conjecture involving the function SL¤(n) 41 Y. Wang : Some identities involving the near pseudo Smarandache function 44 A. Gilani and B. Waphare : On pseudo a-ideal of pseudo-BCI algebras 50 J. Chen : An equation involving the F.Smarandache multiplicative function 60 M. Enciso-Aguilar, etc. : Matrix elements for the morse and coulomb interactions 66 Y. Xu and S. Li : On s¤¡Supplemented Subgroups of Finite Groups 73 C. Tian : Two equations involving the Smarandache LCM dual function 80 W. Zheng and J. Dou : Periodic solutions of impulsive periodic Competitor- Competitor-Mutualist system 86 X. Zhang : On the fourth power mean value of B(Â) 93 Z. Lv : On the F.Smarandache function and its mean val...
 Date: 2013, Volume 3, No. 1, 2007 Book Id: WPLBN0002828572 Subjects: Non Fiction, Science, Algebra ► Abstract Description DetailsThis issue of the journal is devoted to the proceedings of the third International Conference on Number Theory and Smarandache Problems. The conference was a great success and will give a strong impact on the development of number theory in general and Smarandache problems in particular. In this volume we assemble not only those papers which were presented at the conference but also those papers which were submitted later and are concerned with the Smarandache type problems or other mathematical problems. Other papers are concerned with the number-theoretic Smarandache problems and will enrich the already rich stock of results on them. Readers can learn various techniques used in number theory and will get familiar with the beautiful identities and sharp asymptotic formulas obtained in the volume.... Excerpt DetailsAbstract : Let k be any ¯xed positive integer, n be any positive integer, Sk(n) denotes the smallest positive integer m such that m! is divisible by kn: In this paper, we use the elementary methods to study the asymptotic properties of Sk(n), and give an interesting asymptotic formula for it. Keywords : F. Smarandache problem, primitive numbers, asymptotic formula. ... Table of Contents DetailsJ. Wang : Cube-free integers as sums of two squares 1 G. Liu and H. Li : Recurrences for generalized Euler numbers 9 H. Li and Q. Yang : Some properties of the LCM sequence 14 M. Liu : On the generalization of the primitive number function 18 Z. Lv : On the F. Smarandache LCM function and its mean value 22 Q. Wu : A conjecture involving the F. Smarandache LCM function 26 S. Xue : On the Smarandache dual function 29 N. Yuan : A new arithmetical function and its asymptotic formula 33 A. Muktibodh, etc. : Sequences of pyramidal numbers 39 R. Zhang and S. Ma : An e±cient hybrid genetic algorithm for continuous optimization problems 46 L. Mao : An introduction to Smarandache multi-spaces and mathematical combinatorics 54 M. Selariu : Smarandache stepped functions 81 X. Zhang and Y. Zhang : Sequences of numbers with alternate common di®erences 93 Y. Zhang : On the near pseudo Smarandache function 98 A. Muktibodh : Smarandache mukti-squares 102...
 Date: 2013, Volume 2, No. 4, 2006 Book Id: WPLBN0002828570 Subjects: Non Fiction, Science, Algebra ► Abstract Description DetailsScientia Magna is published annually in 200-300 pages per volume and 1,000 copies on topics such as mathematics, physics, philosophy, psychology, sociology, and linguistics.... Excerpt DetailsSmarandache inversion sequence Abstract We study the Smarandache inversion sequence which is a new concept, related sequences, conjectures, properties, and problems. This study was conducted by using (Maple 8){a computer Algebra System. Keywords Smarandache inversion, Smarandache reverse sequence. Introduction In [1], C.Ashbacher, studied the Smarandache reverse sequence: 1; 21; 321; 4321; 54321; 654321; 7654321; 87654321; 987654321; 10987654321; 1110987654321; (1) and he checked the _rst 35 elements and no prime were found. I will study sequence (1), from different point of view than C. Ashbacher. The importance of this sequence is to consider the place value of digits for example the number 1110987654321, to be considered with its digits like this : 11; 10; 9; 8; 7; 6; 5; 4; 3; 2; 1, and so on. (This consideration is the soul of this study because our aim is to study all relations like this (without loss of generality). Definition. The value of the Smarandache Inversions (SI) of a positive integers, is the number of the relations i > j ( i and j are the digits of the positive integer that we concern with it), where i alw... Table of Contents DetailsM. Karama : Smarandache inversion sequence 1 W. He, D. Cui, Z. Zhao and X. Yan : Global attractivity of a recursive sequence 15 J. Earls : Smarandache reversed slightly excessive numbers 22 X. Ren and H. Zhou : A new structure of super R¤-unipotent semigroups 24 J. Li : An equation involving the Smarandache-type function 31 P. Zhang : An equation involving the function ±k(n) 35 Y. B. Jun : Smarandache fantastic ideals of Smarandache BCI-algebras 40 T. Jayeo. la : On the Universality of some Smarandache loops of Bol-Moufang type 45 W. Kandasamy, M. Khoshnevisan and K. Ilanthenral : Smarandache representation and its applications 59 Y. Wang, X. Ren and S. Ma : The translational hull of superabundant semigroups with semilattice of idempotents 75 M. Bencze : Neutrosophic applications in ¯nance, economics and politics|a continuing bequest of knowledge by an exemplarily innovative mind 81 J. Fu : An equation involving the Smarandache function 83 W. Zhu : The relationship between Sp(n) and Sp(kn) 87 X. Du : On the integer part of the M-th root and the largest M-th power not exceeding N 91 J. Earls : On the ten's complement fa...
 Date: 2013, Volume 3, No. 3, 2007 Book Id: WPLBN0002828576 Subjects: Non Fiction, Science, Algebra ► Abstract Description DetailsScientia Magna is published annually in 200-300 pages per volume and 1,000 copies on topics such as mathematics, physics, philosophy, psychology, sociology, and linguistics.... Excerpt DetailsAn identity involving the function ep(n) Abstract The main purpose of this paper is to study the relationship between the Riemann zeta-function and an in¯nite series involving the Smarandache function ep(n) by using the elementary method, and give an interesting identity. Keywords Riemann zeta-function, in¯nite series, identity. x1. Introduction and Results Let p be any fixed prime, n be any positive integer, ep(n) denotes the largest exponent of power p in n. That is, ep(n) = m, if pm j n and pm+1 - n. In problem 68 of [1], Professor F.Smarandache asked us to study the properties of the sequence fep(n)g. About the elementary properties of this function, many scholars have studied it (see reference [2]-[7]), and got some useful results. For examples, Liu Yanni [2] studied the mean value properties of ep(bk(n)), where bk(n) denotes the k-th free part of n, and obtained an interesting mean value formula for it. That is, let p be a prime, k be any fixed positive integer, then for any real number x ¸ 1, we have the asymptotic formula.... Table of Contents DetailsF. Ayatollah, etc. : Some faces of Smarandache semigroups' concept in transformation semigroups' approach 1 G. Feng : On the F.Smarandache LCM function 5 N. Quang and P. Tuan : An extension of Davenport's theorem 9 M. Zhu : On the hybrid power mean of the character sums and the general Kloosterman sums 14 H. Yang and R. Fu : An equation involving the square sum of natural numbers and Smarandache primitive function 18 X. Pan and P. Zhang : An identity involving the Smarandache function ep(n) 26 A.A.K. Majumdar : A note on the Smarandache inversion sequence 30 F. Li : Some Dirichlet series involving special sequences 36 Y. Wang : An asymptotic formula of Sk(n!) 40 S. Gao and Z. Shao : A fuzzy relaxed approach for multi-objective transportation problem 44 J. Li : An infinity series involving the Smarandache-type function 52 B.E. Carvajal-Gamez, etc. : On the Lorentz matrix in terms of Infeld-van der Waerden symbols 56 X. Li : On the mean value of the Smarandache LCM function 58 K. Ran and S. Gao : Ishikawa iterative approximation of fixed points for multi-valued Ástrongly pseudo-contract mappings 63 X. Fan : On the divisi...
 Date: 2013, Volume 2, No. 1, 2006 Book Id: WPLBN0002828564 Subjects: Non Fiction, Science, Algebra ► Abstract Description DetailsScientia Magna is published annually in 200-300 pages per volume and 1,000 copies on topics such as mathematics, physics, philosophy, psychology, sociology, and linguistics.... Excerpt Detailsx1. Introduction The study of Smarandache loops was initiated by W.B. Vasantha Kandasamy in 2002. In her book [19], she defined a Smarandache loop (S-loop) as a loop with at least a subloop which forms a subgroup under the binary operation of the loop. For more on loops and their properties, readers should check [16], [3], [5], [8], [9] and [19]. In her book, she introduced over 75 Smarandache concepts on loops. In her ¯rst paper [20], she introduced Smarandache : left(right) alternative loops, Bol loops, Moufang loops, and Bruck loops. But in this paper, Smarandache : inverse property loops (IPL), weak inverse property loops (WIPL), G-loops, conjugacy closed loops (CC-loop), central loops, extra loops, A-loops, K-loops, Bruck loops, Kikkawa loops, Burn loops and homogeneous loops will be introduced and studied relative to the holomorphs of loops. Interestingly, Adeniran [1] and Robinson [17], Oyebo [15], Chiboka and Solarin [6], Bruck [2], Bruck and Paige [4], Robinson [18], Huthnance [11] and Adeniran [1] have respectively studied the holomorphs of Bol loops, central loops, conjugacy closed loops, inverse property loops, A-loops,... Table of Contents DetailsT. Jayeo. la : An holomorphic study of the Smarandache concept in loops 1 Z. Xu : Some arithmetical properties of primitive numbers of power p 9 A. Muktibodh : Smarandache Quasigroups 13 M. Le : Two Classes of Smarandache Determinants 20 Y. Shao, X. Zhao and X. Pan : On a Subvariety of + S` 26 T. Kim, C. Adiga and J. Han : A note on q-nanlogue of Sandor's functions 30 Q. Yang : On the mean value of the F. Smarandache simple divisor function 35 Q. Tian : A discussion on a number theoretic function 38 X. Wang : On the mean value of the Smarandache ceil function 42 Y. Wang : Some identities involving the Smarandache ceil function 45 J. Yan, X. Ren and S. Ma : The Structure of principal lters on po-semigroups 50 Y. Lu : F. Smarandache additive k-th power complements 55 M. Le : The Smarandache reverse auto correlated sequences of natural numbers 58 M. Karama : Smarandache partitions 60 L. Mao : On Algebraic Multi-Group Spaces 64 F. Russo : The Smarandache P and S persistence of a prime 71 Y. Lu : On the solutions of an equation involving the Smarandache function 76 H. Ibstedt : A Random Distribution Experiment 80 L. Mao...
 Date: 2013, Volume 1, No. 2, 2005 Book Id: WPLBN0002828562 Subjects: Non Fiction, Education, Algebra ► Abstract Description DetailsScientia Magna is published annually in 200-300 pages per volume and 1,000 copies on topics such as mathematics, physics, philosophy, psychology, sociology, and linguistics.... Excerpt Details0. In 1999, the second author of this remarks published a book over 30 of Smarandache's problems in area of elementary number theory (see [1, 2]). After this, we worked over new 20 problems that we collected in our book [28]. These books contain Smarandache's problems, described in [10, 16]. The present paper contains some of the results from [28]. In [16] Florentin Smarandache formulated 105 unsolved problems, while in [10] C.Dumitresu and V. Seleacu formulated 140 unsolved problems of his. The second book contains almost all the problems from [16], but now each problem has unique number and by this reason in [1, 28] and here the authors use the numeration of the problems from [10]. In the text below the following notations are used.... Table of Contents DetailsV. Mladen and T. Krassimir : Remarks on some of the Smarandache's problem. Part 2 1 W. Kandasamy : Smarandache groupoids 27 L. Ding : On the primitive numbers of power P and its mean value properties 36 D. Torres and V. Teca : Consecutive, reversed, mirror, and symmetric Smarandache sequence of triangular numbers 39 D. Ren : On the square-free number sequence 46 T. Ramaraj and N. Kannappa : On ¯nite Smarandache near-rings 49 X. Kang : Some interesting properties of the Smarandache function 52 L. Mao : On Automorphism Groups of Maps, Surfaces and Smarandache Geometries 55 L. Ding : On the mean value of Smarandache ceil function 74 M. Le : An equation concerning the Smarandache function 78 M. Bayat, H. Teimoori and M. Hassani : An extension of ABC-theorem 81 J. Ma : An equation involving the Smarandache function 89 C. Chen : Inequalities for the polygamma functions with application 91 W. Vasantha and M. Chetry : On the number of Smarandache zero-divisors and Smarandache weak zero-divisors in loop rings 96 M. Le : The function equation S(n) = Z(n) 109 Z. Li : On the Smarandache Pseudo-number Sequences 111 D. Mehendale :...
 Date: 2013, Volume 4 Book Id: WPLBN0002828442 Subjects: Non Fiction, Science, Technology ► Abstract Description DetailsThe fourth volume, in my book series of “Collected Papers”, includes 100 published and unpublished articles, notes, (preliminary) drafts containing just ideas to be further investigated, scientific souvenirs, scientific blogs, project proposals, small experiments, solved and unsolved problems and conjectures, updated or alternative versions of previous papers, short or long humanistic essays, letters to the editors... Excerpt DetailsThis short technical paper advocates a bootstrapping algorithm from which we can form a statistically reliable opinion based on limited clinically observed data, regarding whether an osteo-hyperplasia could actually be a case of Ewing’s osteosarcoma. The basic premise underlying our methodology is that a primary bone tumour, if it is indeed Ewing’s osteosarcoma, cannot increase in volume beyond some critical limit without showing metastasis. We propose a statistical method to extrapolate such critical limit to primary tumour volume. Our model does not involve any physiological variables but rather is entirely based on time series observations of increase in primary tumour volume from the point of initial detection to the actual detection of metastases.... Table of Contents DetailsCollected Eclectic Ideas - preface by the author.............................3 Contents....................................................6 ASTRONOMY..................................14 1. First Lunar Space Base, project proposal, by V. Christianto, Florentin Smarandache..15 2. On Recent Discovery of New Planetoids in the Solar System and Quantization of Celestial System, by V. Christianto, F. Smarandache..................28 3. Open and Solved Elementary Questions in Astronomy, by Florentin Smarandache.. 36 BIOLOGY......................................40 4. Statistical Modeling of Primary Ewing Tumors of the Bone, by Sreepurna Malakar, Florentin Smarandache, Sukanto Bhattacharya, in in , Vol. 3, No. JJ05, 81-88, 2005................41 CALCULUS....................................53 5. A Triple Inequality with Series and Improper Integrals, by Florentin Smarandache, in Bulletin of Pure and Applied Sciences, Vol. 25E, No. 1, 215-217, 2006.........54 6. Immediate Calculation of Some Poisson Type Integrals Using SuperMathematics Circular Ex-Centric Functions, by Florentin Smarandache & Mircea Eugen................................
 Date: 2013, Volume 4 Book Id: WPLBN0002828448 Subjects: Non Fiction, Science, Technology ► Abstract Description DetailsThe fourth volume, in my book series of “Collected Papers”, includes 100 published and unpublished articles, notes, (preliminary) drafts containing just ideas to be further investigated, scientific souvenirs, scientific blogs, project proposals, small experiments, solved and unsolved problems and conjectures, updated or alternative versions of previous papers, short or long humanistic essays, letters to the editors... Excerpt DetailsThis short technical paper advocates a bootstrapping algorithm from which we can form a statistically reliable opinion based on limited clinically observed data, regarding whether an osteo-hyperplasia could actually be a case of Ewing’s osteosarcoma. The basic premise underlying our methodology is that a primary bone tumour, if it is indeed Ewing’s osteosarcoma, cannot increase in volume beyond some critical limit without showing metastasis. We propose a statistical method to extrapolate such critical limit to primary tumour volume. Our model does not involve any physiological variables but rather is entirely based on time series observations of increase in primary tumour volume from the point of initial detection to the actual detection of metastases.... Table of Contents DetailsCollected Eclectic Ideas - preface by the author.............................3 Contents....................................................6 ASTRONOMY..................................14 1. First Lunar Space Base, project proposal, by V. Christianto, Florentin Smarandache..15 2. On Recent Discovery of New Planetoids in the Solar System and Quantization of Celestial System, by V. Christianto, F. Smarandache..................28 3. Open and Solved Elementary Questions in Astronomy, by Florentin Smarandache.. 36 BIOLOGY......................................40 4. Statistical Modeling of Primary Ewing Tumors of the Bone, by Sreepurna Malakar, Florentin Smarandache, Sukanto Bhattacharya, in in , Vol. 3, No. JJ05, 81-88, 2005................41 CALCULUS....................................53 5. A Triple Inequality with Series and Improper Integrals, by Florentin Smarandache, in Bulletin of Pure and Applied Sciences, Vol. 25E, No. 1, 215-217, 2006.........54 6. Immediate Calculation of Some Poisson Type Integrals Using SuperMathematics Circular Ex-Centric Functions, by Florentin Smarandache & Mircea Eugen................................
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