World Library  

Search Results (50 titles)

Searched over 7.2 Billion pages in 22.31 seconds

Federated Media Type
 
Oba (Orisha) (X)

       
1
|
2
Records: 1 - 40 of 50 - Pages: 
  • Cover Image

Nigerian studies; or, The religious and political system of the Yoruba

By: Dennett, Richard Edward, 1857-1921

...ARMING 14O CONTENTS xiii CHAPTER XV PACK ODUS OF IFA 147 CHAPTER XVI SHANGO—OYA—OBA—OSHUN 156 CHAPTER XVII LAND LAWS 195 \ CHAPTER XVIII CONCLUSION 2... ...cers. lOi 6, 7, transpose " light" to read after " Imole." 103 I*, 104, 14, /<?r Orishaula r^orf Orishanla. 145 8*,/or Shalua read Shaluga. 190 17, af... ... a natural and so a general practice, there are in consequence thousands of such Orishas or deified spirits, all of which must be most interesting stu... ...s of people and formed them into a kind of council. These 16 had their 16 family Orishas ^ and thus we get at the number 32 and the formula of the Bav... ...ale and for female male. Something like this exists in the naming of the child's Orisha among the Yoruba and will be found in the chapter on marriage.... ...d Awyaw. 6 CH. I THE HISTORY OF YORUBALAND 7 6. An Interregnum during which the Oba- shorun or Prime Minister of the Alafin seems to have kept the St... ...e Mr. C. Punch is made to say, " With these parts of the slain men and women the Oba is said to have made certain medicine for fetish purposes." Altho... ...ruple control composed of the dowager Queen mother or lyalode and her Court, the Oba, and his Court, the Balogun and his Court, and the Bashorun and h... ...f her messengers. (c) Small boys called Amade. (2) On the other hand we have the Oba attended by three courtiers jointly called Igbi but respectively ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

OBA

Encyclopedia Article

...Oba or OBA may refer to: Oba (king), a Yoruba title for certain royal rulers ... ...a (king), a Yoruba title for certain royal rulers Oba (orisha), a spirit who is prominent in various Traditional African reli... ...ng), a Yoruba title for certain royal rulers Oba (orisha), a spirit who is prominent in various Traditional African religions... ...nal African religions and Afro-American religions Oba: The Last Samurai, 2011 Japanese film Perilla,... ...ba: The Last Samurai, 2011 Japanese film Perilla, oba in Japanese, herb of the mint family, Lamiaceae ... ...a in Japanese, herb of the mint family, Lamiaceae Oba Chandler, a man convicted of murder and executed in 2011. ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Nigerian Studies; Or, The Religious and Political System of the Yoruba

By: Dennett, Richard Edward, 1857-1921

...ARMING 14O CONTENTS xiii CHAPTER XV PACK ODUS OF IFA 147 CHAPTER XVI SHANGO—OYA—OBA—OSHUN 156 CHAPTER XVII LAND LAWS 195 \ CHAPTER XVIII CONCLUSION 2... ...cers. lOi 6, 7, transpose " light" to read after " Imole." 103 I*, 104, 14, /<?r Orishaula r^orf Orishanla. 145 8*,/or Shalua read Shaluga. 190 17, af... ... a natural and so a general practice, there are in consequence thousands of such Orishas or deified spirits, all of which must be most interesting stu... ...s of people and formed them into a kind of council. These 16 had their 16 family Orishas ^ and thus we get at the number 32 and the formula of the Bav... ...ale and for female male. Something like this exists in the naming of the child's Orisha among the Yoruba and will be found in the chapter on marriage.... ...d Awyaw. 6 CH. I THE HISTORY OF YORUBALAND 7 6. An Interregnum during which the Oba- shorun or Prime Minister of the Alafin seems to have kept the St... ...e Mr. C. Punch is made to say, " With these parts of the slain men and women the Oba is said to have made certain medicine for fetish purposes." Altho... ...ruple control composed of the dowager Queen mother or lyalode and her Court, the Oba, and his Court, the Balogun and his Court, and the Bashorun and h... ...f her messengers. (c) Small boys called Amade. (2) On the other hand we have the Oba attended by three courtiers jointly called Igbi but respectively ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Santería

Encyclopedia Article

... Orisha ... ... Miguel A. De La Torre O Oba (Orisha) Obatala Obi divination Ogu... ... Miguel A. De La Torre O Oba (Orisha) Obatala Obi divination Ogun ... ... Obatala Obi divination Ogun Oko (Orisha) Olodumare Olofi Olokun ... ... Orisha ... ... Miguel A. De La Torre O Oba (Orisha) Obatala Obi divination Ogu... ... Miguel A. De La Torre O Oba (Orisha) Obatala Obi divination Ogun ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Notes on the tribes, provinces, emirates and states of the northern provinces of Nigeria;

By: Temple, O.; Temple, Charles Lindsay, 1871

...company, at the age of fifty or sixty, when his duties are to look after the orishas (idol). If he is a man of means he pays a yearly fee all this whi... ...he departed good will refuse to receive them. The foundation of their rites, orishas (idols) and sacrifices, are all with a view to the welfare of the... ...the title of Emewa, (Eni-mo-ewa) . 'He who knows the mind/' and the Balogun (Oba-ni-ogun) , or " Chief of the Army." The military officer second in co... ...alode (right-hand lyalode) and an Osin-Iyalode (left-hand lyalode). *B-ale = Oba ile, literally "Chief of the house, or town." TRIBES. 379 Members of... ...cannot take place. Relations on the male side, i.e., worshippers of the same orisha,* may not intermarry. An engagement having taken place the Egbe ma... ...aJ orOshalla, a more anthropomorphic conception of himself. The name means " Oba-ti-ala "=" Lord .of the White Cloth " -and white is the colour sacred... ...ya (goddess of the River Niger). (7) Oshun (goddess of the River Oshun). (8) Oba (goddess of the River Oba). (9) Orisha Oko (god of agriculture). (10)... ... Oshun (goddess of the River Oshun). (8) Oba (goddess of the River Oba). (9) Orisha Oko (god of agriculture). (10) Oshosi (god of hunters). (n) Oke (g... ...e West. * According to some the order was Olukon, Olosa, Shango, Oya, Oshun, Oba, Ogun, Dada, and the remainder as above 384 NORTHERN NIGERIAN TRIBES...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Yoruba religion

Encyclopedia Article

... Orishas/Irunmole ... ... Oba ... ... Orisha Oko ... ... Orisha ... ... List of rulers of Ife O Oba's crown Oba (ruler) Olodumare Olofi... ... O cont. Ori (Yoruba) Orisha Osanyin staff Oyotunji ... ... Orishas/Irunmole ... ... Oba ... ... List of rulers of Ife O Oba's crown Oba (ruler) Olodumare Olofi...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Notes on the tribes, provinces, emirates and states of the northern provinces of Nigeria

By: Temple, Olive Susan Miranda Macleod, B. 1880

...mpany, at the age of fifty or sixty, when his duties are to look after the orishas (idols). If he is aman of means he pays a yearly fee all this while... ... departed good will refuse to receive them. The foundation of their rites, orishas (idols) and sacrifices, are all with a view to the welfare of the d... ...he title of Emewa (Eni-mo-ewa), " He who knows the mind," and the Balogun (Oba-ni-ogun), or " Chief of the Army." The military officer second in comma... ...lode (right-hand lyalode) and an Osin-Iyalode (left-hand lyalode). * B-ale=Oba ile, literally " Chief of the house, or town." 1 RIBES. TVO Members of... ...nnot take place. Relations on the male side, i.e., worshippers of the same orisha,* may not intermarry. An engagement having taken place the Egbe mate... ...or Oshalla, a more anthropomorphic conception of himself. The name means " Oba-ti-ala " =" Lord of the White Cloth"—and white is the colour sacred to ... ... (goddess of the River Niger). (7; Oshun (goddess of the River Oshun). (8) Oba (goddess of the River Oba). (9) Orisha Oko (god of agriculture). (10) O... ...shun (goddess of the River Oshun). (8) Oba (goddess of the River Oba). (9) Orisha Oko (god of agriculture). (10) Oshosi (god of hunters). (11) Oke (go... ...West. * According to some the order was Olukon, Olosa, Shango, Oya, Oshun, Oba, Ogun, Dada, and the remainder as above. 384 Northern Nigerian Tribes ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Ori (Yoruba)

Encyclopedia Article

...Ori (known as Orí in Latin America) is an Orisha and metaphysical concept. Ori, literally meaning... ... embedded into the human essence, and therefore is often personified as an Orisha in its own right. It is believed that human beings are able to heal ... ...ble to heal themselves both spiritually and physically by working with the Orishas to achieve a balanced character, or iwa-pele. When one has a balanc... ... Orishas/Irunmole ... ... Oba ... ... Orisha Oko ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Notes on the Tribes, Provinces, Emirates and States of the Northern Provinces of Nigeria;

By: Temple, O.; Temple, Charles Lindsay, 1871

...company, at the age of fifty or sixty, when his duties are to look after the orishas (idol). If he is a man of means he pays a yearly fee all this whi... ...he departed good will refuse to receive them. The foundation of their rites, orishas (idols) and sacrifices, are all with a view to the welfare of the... ...the title of Emewa, (Eni-mo-ewa) . 'He who knows the mind/' and the Balogun (Oba-ni-ogun) , or " Chief of the Army." The military officer second in co... ...alode (right-hand lyalode) and an Osin-Iyalode (left-hand lyalode). *B-ale = Oba ile, literally "Chief of the house, or town." TRIBES. 379 Members of... ...cannot take place. Relations on the male side, i.e., worshippers of the same orisha,* may not intermarry. An engagement having taken place the Egbe ma... ...aJ orOshalla, a more anthropomorphic conception of himself. The name means " Oba-ti-ala "=" Lord .of the White Cloth " -and white is the colour sacred... ...ya (goddess of the River Niger). (7) Oshun (goddess of the River Oshun). (8) Oba (goddess of the River Oba). (9) Orisha Oko (god of agriculture). (10)... ... Oshun (goddess of the River Oshun). (8) Oba (goddess of the River Oba). (9) Orisha Oko (god of agriculture). (10) Oshosi (god of hunters). (n) Oke (g... ...e West. * According to some the order was Olukon, Olosa, Shango, Oya, Oshun, Oba, Ogun, Dada, and the remainder as above 384 NORTHERN NIGERIAN TRIBES...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Oshun

Encyclopedia Article

... Oshun, or Ochun (pronounced ) in the Yoruba religion, is an Orisha who reigns over love, intimacy, beauty, wealth and diplomacy. S... ...h the name spelled Oxum. She should not be confused, however, with a different Orisha of a similar name spelled "Osun, " who is the protector of the ... ...Shango, god of lightning & thunder. Since that day, Shango has been married to Oba, Oya, and Oshun, though Oshun is said to be considered his principa... ...Santería In Cuba n Santería, Oshun (sometimes spelled Ochún or Ochun) is an Orisha of love, maternity and marriage . She has been syncretized wit... ... associated with is 5. She is the river goddess. Ajé-Shaluga, another river Orisha, fell in love with her while she was washing the dress in a fren... ...sits at the bottom of the river, knitting. Oshun Ibu D'Oko—Oshun, the wife of Orisha Oko. This Oshun is pictured as a furrow to be plowed and a giant...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Notes on the Tribes, Provinces, Emirates and States of the Northern Provinces of Nigeria

By: Temple, Olive Susan Miranda Macleod, B. 1880

...mpany, at the age of fifty or sixty, when his duties are to look after the orishas (idols). If he is aman of means he pays a yearly fee all this while... ... departed good will refuse to receive them. The foundation of their rites, orishas (idols) and sacrifices, are all with a view to the welfare of the d... ...he title of Emewa (Eni-mo-ewa), " He who knows the mind," and the Balogun (Oba-ni-ogun), or " Chief of the Army." The military officer second in comma... ...lode (right-hand lyalode) and an Osin-Iyalode (left-hand lyalode). * B-ale=Oba ile, literally " Chief of the house, or town." 1 RIBES. TVO Members of... ...nnot take place. Relations on the male side, i.e., worshippers of the same orisha,* may not intermarry. An engagement having taken place the Egbe mate... ...or Oshalla, a more anthropomorphic conception of himself. The name means " Oba-ti-ala " =" Lord of the White Cloth"—and white is the colour sacred to ... ... (goddess of the River Niger). (7; Oshun (goddess of the River Oshun). (8) Oba (goddess of the River Oba). (9) Orisha Oko (god of agriculture). (10) O... ...shun (goddess of the River Oshun). (8) Oba (goddess of the River Oba). (9) Orisha Oko (god of agriculture). (10) Oshosi (god of hunters). (11) Oke (go... ...West. * According to some the order was Olukon, Olosa, Shango, Oya, Oshun, Oba, Ogun, Dada, and the remainder as above. 384 Northern Nigerian Tribes ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Olodumare

Encyclopedia Article

... Orishas/Irunmole ... ... Oba ... ... Orisha Oko ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

An Oral History with Robert H. Bragg : Oral History Transcript/2005

By: Bragg, R. H. (Robert H.); Bancroft Library. Regional Oral History Office; Wilmot, Nadine;

...ums that had lots of survivals of early African influence. The religion, the Orishas ofthe Yoruba and so on. So those are things thatwe saw that you w... ... Yoruba. The candomble in Brazil, they are all heavily Yoruba, and the whole Orisha thing. At any rate, I had met Francis Oluwole, O-L-U, Oluwole, lik...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Yorùbá medicine

Encyclopedia Article

... "African herbal medicine is commonly called Yorubic or Orisha medicine on the African continent. It started from a religious text,... ...Holistic Health 3 Orishas in Yorùbá Medicine 4 Titles and Proc... ...ecome the new health paradigm for the 21st century."[9] Orishas in Yorùbá Medicine Tradition has it that many Or... ...yin/Osain," or 'the whispering genie,' is deemed one of the most important Orishas in Yoruba medicine. Osain is associated with do... ... Oshun Wife of former Oba of Oyo called Shango (another Yoruba Orisha see below) is said to turn ... ... transform base substance into that which is pure and valuable. He was the Oba of Oyo He derived his nickname Oba Koso from the annals of his immortal... ... Oya The other Wife of former Oba of Oyo called Shango (another Yoruba Orisha see above) said to turn int... ... Oba ... ... Oshun Wife of former Oba of Oyo called Shango (another Yoruba Orisha see below) is said to turn ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Osiris and the Egyptian Resurrection

By: Budge, E. A. Wallis (Ernest Alfred Wallis), Sir 1857-1934

...s way. Among the Yoruba tribes the word for a superhuman being or god is " orisha," which is used equally to express images and sacred objects, and al... ... Olokun, sea-god ; Olosa, lagoon-god ; Oya, Niger-god ; Oshun, river-god ; Oba, river-god ; Orisha Oko, god of agriculture ; Oshosi, god of hunters ; ... ...; Olosa, lagoon-god ; Oya, Niger-god ; Oshun, river-god ; Oba, river-god ; Orisha Oko, god of agriculture ; Oshosi, god of hunters ; Oke, god of mount... ...mself, but did not die, for he went into the earth and there became a god {orisha). 6. Ifa, god of divination, who causes pregnancy, and presides over... ...a and Egypt the office of priest was hereditary. The temple is called " He Orisha," i.e., " house of the god " ; in Egypt also the temple was called "...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Legends of Africa

Encyclopedia Article

... Statue of Shango, the Yoruba orisha of thunder Shango was the fourt... ...on, Shango (Xangô or Changó in Latin America), is perhaps the most popular Orisha. He is the orisha of thunder and one of the principal ancestors of t... ...ibbean and South America. It is primarily for this reason that every major Orisha initiation ceremony performed in the New World within the past few h... ... punitive raid on their northern neighbors for insulting their father, the Oba Oduduwa, first of the Oonis of Ife. On the way to the battle, the broth... ...emembered as Ajaka. Oranyan made Oyo his new kingdom and became the first "oba" (meaning 'king' or 'ruler' in the Yoruba language) with the title of "... ...yo Palace Compound Oranyan, the first oba of Oyo, was succeeded by Oba Ajaka, Alaafin of Oyo. Ajaka was deposed b... ...two most important structures in Oyo-Ile were the 'afin', or palace of the Oba, and his market. The palace was at the center of the city, close to the... ...ba, and his market. The palace was at the center of the city, close to the Oba's market which was called 'Oja-oba'. Around the capital was a tall eart... ...as no land or human being there. One day Olorun called orisha-nla (the great god) Obatala, and told him to create solid land in th...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Osiris and the Egyptian Resurrection; Illustrated after Drawings from Egyptian Papyri and Monuments : Volume 2

By: Budge, E. A. Wallis (Ernest Alfred Wallis), Sir 1857-1934

.... Iha, I, 155. Ikasa, I, 326. I-kher-nefert, II, 45 ff. Ilaga, II, 153. He Orisha, I, 374. Illegitimacy of Horus asserted, 1,8. Ill luck, II, 186. Ilo... ...e Little, II,^223. Oasis of Khargah, II, 25, 219. Oath, the Dyur, II, 204. Oba, I, 373- Obatala, I, 372. Obbo, I, 234, 246, 362. Obeah, belief in, II,... ... 159, 163, 1 66, 389; II, 63, 172, 250, 307, 340; abode of Osiris, I, 384. Orisha, I, 372. Orisha Oko, I, 373. Orkoiyot, II, 185. Oronugon, I, 226. Or...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Olokun

Encyclopedia Article
Read More
  • Cover Image

At the Back of the Black Man's Mind; Or, Notes on the Kingly Office in West Africa

By: Dennett, Richard Edward, 1857-1921

...d the King. His Attendants. Viceroys. The War Chief. Officers. Titles of the OBA. ALL have heard of the massacre of Consul Philips and his unlucky com... ...t people to dwell among. The present UNWAGWE'S grandfather was killed by the OBA for refusing to join in the expedition against Consul Philips, and it... ...ive lines by the so-called Benin City chiefs (who for the most part were the OBA'S tax-gatherers). But all Europeans must suffer from the want of know... ...EKA (because he clasped or joined the two people together). He was the first OBA of the Bini, and the present deposed OBA Overami traces his ascent to... ...ed by IHELIGO. OGI'FA=OGIE the king of EFA the people. xvn THE BINI 175 The OBA'S throne or chair was placed on a platform of mud three steps above t... ..., near IBEKWE. This word is the general term used for God, and is pronounced ORISHA by the Yoruba people. In the lower reaches its name changes to OKW... ... 266 Organisation of Bavili, 36 Oriji herb, 254 Orisa, 251, 266 Orisabi, 270 Orishas, 244, 264. See also Oyisa Oro, 200 Hare, 257 Orobale, 197 Orun, 2... ...216 Ox, 97, 159. See also Buffalo Oyekun, 233 Oyisa, 195, 198, 221. See also Orisha R., 219 Oyster, 157 PAINT HOUSE, 38, 68 Palace, Benin, 187 Palaver...

Read More
  • Cover Image

History of Nigeria before 1500

Encyclopedia Article

...ulture. Statue of the orisha Eshu, Oyo, Nigeria, c. 1920 ... ...er city from the savanna. Political and religious authority resided in the oba (king) who according to tradition was descended from the Ogiso dynasty ... ...Nri influence. The Benin kingdom became a threat in the 15th century under Oba Ewuare. Since they were against slaves and slavery, their power took a ... ...ulture. Statue of the orisha Eshu, Oyo, Nigeria, c. 1920 ... ...er city from the savanna. Political and religious authority resided in the oba (king) who according to tradition was descended from the Ogiso dynasty ... ...Nri influence. The Benin kingdom became a threat in the 15th century under Oba Ewuare. Since they were against slaves and slavery, their power took a ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

The Childhood of Man : A Popular Account of the Lives, Customs and Thoughts of the Primitive Races

By: Frobenius, Leo, 1873-1938

...erstand its cry. He married three of his sisters, Oya (the Niger), Oshun and Oba (two rivers of the same name). All three constantly accompany their h... ... husband, Oya taking with her her messenger Afefe (the cool Wind), Oshun and Oba his bow and sword. Shango's slave, Biri (Darkness) goes in attendance... ... to create); his younger is the river Ogim; his friend and boon companion is Orishako (god of the farms); his slave is Biri (Darkness); his wives are ... ...e new god. In the city they reported : "Shango is not dead ; he is become an Orisha. He has descended into the earth and lives among the dead, with wh... ...e. 4 Another myth makes Shango the son of Obatalla. He married Oya, Oshunand Oba, the three water-goddesses. As an earthly King he ruled at Oyo. The m... ... THE TYPICAL SUN-GOD had stolen from her husband, and he, being thus made an Orisha, promised to protect her. As Shango approached, Huisi ran down to ... ...the two weapons, striking together, were shat- tered to pieces. Then the two Orishas wrestled to- gether; flames burst from their mouths, and their fe... ...n Olosa. OYA. Goddess of the River Niger. OSHUN. Goddess of the River Oshun. OBA. Goddess of the River Oba. ORISHA OKO. God of Ag- riculture. OSHOSI. ... ...ng the two chief features of the Yoruba myth the closely-pressed position of Oba- tala and Odudua, and Yemaja's fall to the ground. As the two gods, O...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Candomblé

Encyclopedia Article

...reator called Oludumaré, who is served by lesser deities, which are called Orishas.[1][a] Every practitioner is believed to have their own tutelary or... ...ceremonies, since the dances enable worshippers to become possessed by the orishas.[1] In the rituals, participants make offerings from the mineral, v... ...ligion and worships a number of gods:[4] the orishas of the Yoruba (Ketu nation), spelled Orixás in Portuguese; ... ...lled Zambi by the Kongo people; and Nana Buluku by the Fon people).[5] The orishas and similar figures form a link between the spiritual world and the... ... Priesthood Initiation In Brazil: Ifá, Egungun, Orisha, Vodun, and Nkisi, are separated by type of priesthood initiation. ... ... Oba ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

The Childhood of Man; A Popular Account of the Lives, Customs and Thoughts of the Primitive Races

By: Frobenius, Leo, 1873-1938; Keane, Augustus Henry, 1833-1912

...derstand its cry. He married three of his sisters, Oya (the Niger), Oshunand Oba (two rivers of the same name). All three constantly accompany their h... ...ir husband, Oya taking with her her messengerAfefe (the coolWind), Oshun and Oba his bowand sword. Shango's slave, Biri (Darkness) goes in attendance.... ... to create); his younger is the river Ogim; his friend and boon companion is Orishako (god of the farms); his slave is Biri (Darkness); his wives are ... ...e new god. In the city they reported : "Shango is not dead ; he is become an Orisha. He has descended into the earth and lives among the dead, with wh... .... 4 Another myth makes Shango the son of Obatalla. He married Oya, Oshun and Oba, the three water-goddesses. As an earthly King he ruled at Oyo. The m... ...,THE TYPICAL SUN-GOD had stolen from her husband, and he, being thus made an Orisha, promised to protect her. As Shango approached, Huisi ran down to ... ...the two weapons, striking together, were shat- tered to pieces. Then the two Orishas wrestled to- gether; flames burst from their mouths, and their fe... ...n Olosa. OYA. Goddess of the River Niger. OSHUN. Goddess of the River Oshun. OBA. Goddess of the River Oba. ORISHA OKO. God ofAg- riculture. OSHOSI. G... ... the two chief features of the Yoruba myth - the closely-pressed position of Oba- tala and Odudua, and Yemaja's fall to the ground. As the two gods, O...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Ife

Encyclopedia Article

...g of the city more than two thousand years ago. The present ruler is Alayeluwa Oba Okunade Sijuwade, Olubuse II, styled His Imperial Majesty by his s... ...s. The Ooni ascended his throne in 1980. Following the formation of the Yoruba Orisha Congress in 1986, the Ooni acquired an international status the ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Abeokuta and the Camaroons Mountains : An Exploration

By: Sir Richard Francis Burton

...T ADEOKUTA. name, however, is clear and distinct. The Egbas say Olorun-not Orishako or Obatala-bless you! OIorun give you children, fal'Dl8, cowrie... ...assisted by their prayers. Hence the worship of OrisLa or idols. The word Orisha is derived by some-Europeans will find the root of everything-fro... ...mongst the vulgar an object of absolute worship.- There are three principal Orisha, which word, thus used, does not mean ido1s, but rather the Di m... ... connection of thought and derivation of language_ Obatala is derived from Oba ti niB, the King of Greatness, .1", call"d Ori,h. Kl" tho great Oria... ...a,' to crea.te; his younger is the Ri ver Ogun; his friend and associate is Orishako, god of farms i his slave, Bin, or darkness; his wives are the ... ...'utuN time 1 mly e:lplain it. AT ABEOKUTA. 191 Besides these three great Orishas, there are many Di minorum gentium, who are, even more palpably,...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Onitsha

Encyclopedia Article

...'Onicha' is a contraction of Igbo and Edo words, and perhaps from the word ' Orisha '. However, the existence of quite a number of communities beari... ...tion of Igboland (near what is now Agbor ), after a violent dispute with the Oba of Benin that can be tentatively dated to the early 1500s. Travel...

Read More
  • Cover Image

The Childhood of Man a Popular Account of the Lives, Customs and Thoughts of the Primitive Races

By: Leo Frobenius

... to create); his younger is the river Ogim; his friend and boon companion is Orishako (god of the farms); his slave is Biri (Darkness); his wives are ... ...e new god. In the city they reported : "Shango is not dead ; he is become an Orisha* He has descended into the earth and lives among the dead, with wh... ...e. 4 Another myth makes Shango the son of Obatalla. He married Oya, Oshunand Oba, the three water-goddesses. As an earthly King he ruled at Oyo. The m... ... THE TYPICAL SUN-GOD had stolen from her husband, and he, being thus made an Orisha, promised to protect her. As Shango approached, Huisi ran down to ... ...n Olosa. OYA. Goddess of the River Niger. OSHUN. Goddess of the River Oshun. OBA. Goddess of the River Oba. ORISHA OKO. God of Ag- riculture. OSHOSI. ... ...ver Niger. OSHUN. Goddess of the River Oshun. OBA. Goddess of the River Oba. ORISHA OKO. God of Ag- riculture. OSHOSI. God ofHunters. ORE. God of Moun... ...ng the two chief features of the Yoruba myth the closely-pressed position of Oba- tala and Odudua, and Yemaja's fall to the ground. As the two gods, O...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Ifá

Encyclopedia Article

...lawo without initiation due to the virtue of having male genitalia as does the Orisha Orunmila. Apetebi is a title given to the wife of a Babalawo. I... ... with a legitimate course of action that is genuine and unequivocal. Glossary Oba ; king Oloye ; chieftain Araba ; chief initiate of Ifa Babal... ...reme Being), and is without earthly lineage. He embodies the principles of Ifa.Orisha . Primordial energies (Ìṣẹ̀ṣe) from which all living things eman... ... to make the world habitable for humankind, also the full spectrum of deities (Orisha) created by Olodumare the Creator for worship and veneration num... ...an infinite number of nature's manifestation and recreation, also differs from Orisha yet some Irunmole are Orisha.Ìṣẹ̀ṣe. The name Ìṣẹ̀ṣe can be used... ..., present and future. It is sometimes used interchangeably as the name for the orisha deity Orunmila . Orunmila (Ela) is the orisha of wisdom and kno...

Read More
  • Cover Image

The Gods of the Egyptians; Or, Studies in Egyptian Mythology : Volume 2

By: Budge, E. A. Wallis (Ernest Alfred Wallis), Sir 1857-1934

.... Iha, I, 155. Ikasa, I, 326. I-kher-nefert, II, 45 ff. Ilaga, II, 153. He Orisha, I, 374. Illegitimacy of Horus asserted, 1,8. Ill luck, II, 186. Ilo... ...Little, II,'; 223. Oasis of Khargah, II, 25, 219. Oath, the Dyur, II, 204. Oba, I, 373. Obatala, I, 372. Obbo, I, 234, 246, 362. Obeah, belief in, II,... ..., i59> 163, 166, 389; II, 63, 172, 250, 307, 340; abode of Osiris, I, 384. Orisha, I, 372. Orisha Oko, I, 373. Orkoiyot, II, 185. Oronugon, I, 226. Or...

Read More
  • Cover Image

African characters in comics

Encyclopedia Article

...sonification of the living wind she is a pattern in the clouds. One of the Orishas. Agemo - the chameleon, depicted as a shap... ... Agemo - the chameleon, depicted as a shapeshifter. One of the Orishas. Computo (Danielle Foccart) - member of an... ... Erinle - depicted as a living flame, needs to consume to live. One of the Orishas. Eshu - The trickster and maintainer of ba... ...ngo is traditionally a thunder god known as "Thrower of Light". One of the Orishas. Kid Impala - of the Ultramarine Corps ... ... with Lido (her life-force). Her traditional name is Mawu-Lisa. One of the Orishas. Mohammed Ibn Bornu - North African warrio... ...Human Cat) UNForce Oba - a member of UNForce Urban Style Comics ... ...Human Cat) UNForce Oba - a member of UNForce Urban Style Comics ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics : Vol. 9

By: Hastings, James, 1852-1922; Selbie, John Alexander, 1865-1931; Gray, Louis Herbert, 1875-1955

...en pillaging. Three sisters of Shango became his wives, viz. Oya, Oshun, and Oba, and are worshipped as minor god- desses, their spirits dwelling in t... ...as minor god- desses, their spirits dwelling in the rivers Niger, Oshun, and Oba. Ogun is the god of war and of iron, as well as of hunting. Everythin... ...ame from the body of Yemaja : Olokun, Olosa, Shank- panna, Dada, Oya, Oshun, Oba, Aje Shaluga, Orisha-Oko, Oke, Oshosi, Orun, and Oshu. Olokun is the ... ...of Yemaja : Olokun, Olosa, Shank- panna, Dada, Oya, Oshun, Oba, Aje Shaluga, Orisha-Oko, Oke, Oshosi, Orun, and Oshu. Olokun is the sea-god, and is wo... ...lieads (mouths of the Niger). Afefe, the wind, is her me.'^senger. Oshun and Oba have been already mentioned as being M'ives of Shango and goddesses o... ...mes. Aje Shaluga is the god of wealth, and his badge is a large cowry-shell. Orisha-Oko, the god of the farm and of crops in general, is worshipped fa... ... classes : (1) priests of Shango ; and (2) priests of all other gods, except Orisha- Oko. The third order is also divided into two classes: (1) priest... ...risha- Oko. The third order is also divided into two classes: (1) priests of Orisha-Oko (god of agri- culture) ; and (2) priests of such gods as are s... ...t variety of physical type. In some places, such as parts of Lepers' Island (Oba) and Ambrim, the people are much lighter than the average in colour, ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Umbanda

Encyclopedia Article

... Ifá Orisha (Yoruba) ... ... Orishas/Irunmole ... ... Oba ... ... Orisha Oko ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Abbrege Chronologique de L'Histoire Ottomane

By: Jean François de Lacroix

...t devoues. Enlin; p,?ur pour iui donner a~j5 de l'ar .. lever Ie plus gra~d obA:a- rivee &. des deffeins du -cle, it ~'etoit defait de fon prince! J... ...t-gardes en phans par la route de Gol­ vinrent aux main.s, & bien- conde & d'Orisha, trav.rfa ' t3t l'aClion dev.intgeoerale.j les. deferts & entca d... ...as I; met IV, h , 360 IJ, I I Ordai KhaD, '" 167 Odas, (hambr~es" a, II f, Orisha ,h, S 0 3 . 492. ,4~. OrmJ15,,, , 26 S , 47 6 Odaliques, '" 492....

Read More
  • Cover Image

White

Encyclopedia Article

...ook "whiter than white", this is achieved using optical brightener agents (OBA). These are chemical compounds that absorb light in the ultraviolet and... ...This phenomenon is not limited to western culture; in Yoruba religion, the orisha Obatala in the Ifá tradition is represented by white. Obatala is ass... ...ook "whiter than white", this is achieved using optical brightener agents (OBA). These are chemical compounds that absorb light in the ultraviolet and... ...This phenomenon is not limited to western culture; in Yoruba religion, the orisha Obatala in the Ifá tradition is represented by white. Obatala is ass...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics : Index

By: Hastings, James, 1852-1922; Selbie, John Alexander, 1865-1931; Gray, Louis Herbert, 1875-1955

... , transmission rite, xi. 222 a , water cure, xii. 706 b . Leper's Island, Oba (New Hebrides), cannibalism, iii. 203 a , creator, ix. 353 b , day and ... ...axaca (Mexico), feast of the dead, ii. 665 b , god of the dead, i. 436 a . Oba (Yoruba goddess), ix. 279 b , 280 a . Oba (island). — See Lepees' Islan... ...er, ii. 509 b , Buriat, iii. ll a , Hebrew, xii. 81 b , Hindu, xii. 84 b . Orisha-Oko (Yoruba farm-god), ix. 280 a ; priests, ix. 284 a . Orisnici. — ... ... xii. 497 a . Tagar (Malekula [New Hebrides] creator), ix. 353 b . Tagaro (Oba [New Hebrides] creator), vi. 635 b , viii. 530 b , 536 a , ix. 353 b . ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

The Encyclopaedia Britannica : A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information : Volume 29

By: Chisholm, Hugh, 1866-1924

...anteater. For Key to Contractions, etc., see Page 1. 214 .,i j-i VAf. : trt Oba- ljBa^tlT.. Turk, t *M All' '' I. r . Itorinlphor*. , 7- ' yoiiss fTs... ...a, 20-6l5a, 18-39&O; meaning of name 9-760a; migration to Judaea 19-146d; in Oba- dioA 19-944c: submission to Sargon 24-219c. . Va. 28-118 (Dl). Edomk... ...; 25-10 (B2) ; 23-872 (L3) ; 26-1064a ; for.i- 25- . Mesozoic period2-743a. .Oba (African chief) 3-738b. Oba, lake. Can. 20-114 '!-]>. Obadiah Ibil.l.... ... (OOtlM) 19-'."'r.-. Ohando. Jo!<6 Maria 6-71 la. Obando. P.Is. 21-392 (E2). Oba oil : tee Dlka oil. Obar. X.Mex. 19-520 (O2). O-baral (ceremony) 18-2... ...76d. sword (astron.) : see Knsis orionls. Orion type (of star) : see Helium. Orisha (chief) 28-936d. Oriska, X.Dak. 19-780 (G3). Oriskan, Va. 28-118 (... ... to read the Instructions given on Page 1. Yarid III. 5-3Sb. b. Abi Moslim S-OBa. b. Abu Sottan 5-26b. b. Khalid al Qasri 5-38c. b. Mazyad 5 43b. b. M...

Read More
  • Cover Image

The Encyclopaedia Britannica : A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information : Volume 29

By: Chisholm, Hugh, 1866-1924

...20-615a, lS-395c; meaning of name 9-760a: migration to Judaea 19-1 46d; in Oba- diaA19-944c, submission to Sargon 24-219c. —, Va. 28-113 (D2). Edomka,... ...0 (B2) ; 23-872 (L3) ; 26-10G4a ; forests 25- 13c ; Mesozoic period2-743a. Oba (.African chicO 3-738b. Oba. lake. Can. 20-114 (C-DD. Obadiah (bibl., r... ...an (coins) 19-906C. Obando, Jos« .Maria 6-711a. Obando, P.Is. 21-392 (E2). Oba oil : tee Dika oil. Obar, .V.Mex. 19-520 (G2). O-barai (ceremony) 15-22... ... — sword (astron.) : see Ensis orionis. Orion type lot star) : see Helium. Orisha (chief)2S-935d. OrLska, X.Dak. 19-780 (G3). Oriskan, Va. 28-118 (B3)... ... 17- 145c. ZoUy turbine 25-849b. Zolochev. Russ. 23-874 (I. E-Fl). Zolotai-oba, burial motmd, Kerch : see Altun. Zolotnik (measure) 28-4il0a; 28-494b....

Read More
  • Cover Image

Nigerian Studies; Or, The Religious and Political System of the Yoruba

By: Dennett, Richard Edward, 1857-1921

...oft® CONTENTS xiii CHAPTER XV PAGB ODUS OF IFA 147 CHAPTER XVI SHANGO—OYA—OBA—OSHUN . 1 56 CHAPTER XVII LAND LAWS 195 CHAPTER XVIII CONCLUSION ... . ... .... 101 6, 7, transpose " light" to read after " Imole." 103 1*, 104, 14,for Orishaula read Orishanla. 145 8*, for Shalua read Shaluga. 190 17, after sm... ...ural and so a general practice, there are in consequence thousands of such Orishas or deified spirits, all of which must be most interesting studies o... ...eople and formed them into a kind of council. These 16 had their 16 family Orishas 1 and thus we get at the number 32 and the formula of the Bavili an... ...d for female male. Something like this exists in the naming of the child's Orisha among the Yoruba and will be found in the chapter on marriage. To co... ...oft® ch. i THE HISTORY OF YORUBALAND 7 6. An Interregnum during which the Oba- shorun or Prime Minister of the Alafin seems to have kept the State fr... ...C. Punch is made to say, " With these parts of the slain men and women the Oba is said to have made certain medicine for fetish purposes." Although I ... ...control composed of the dowager Queen mother or Iyalode and her Court, the Oba, and his Court, the Balogun and his Court, and the Bashorun and his Cou... ...messengers. (c) Small boys called Amade. (2) On the other hand we have the Oba attended by three courtiers jointly called Igbi but respectively Oton, ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

The Voice of Africa : Being an Account of the Travels of the German Inner African Exploration Expedition in the Years 1910-1912 : Volume 1

By: Frobenius, Leo, 1873-1938; Deutsche Inner Afrikanische Forschungs Expedition

...which was most uncommonly merry. We arrived at the united conclusion that an Orisha (or God) of lying and theft should be set up to whom all the succe... ...ake sacrifice. The Oni and the whole of his clergy laughingly voted that the Orisha's entire io8 THE VOICE OF AFRICA dignity would not suffice to let... ... simplest invocation, and the one most in favour with the Yorubas professing Orishaism, is this : "If I say the thing which is, may the Orisha be good... ... fallen sick after the sale he had made and the goodman attributed it to the Orisha whom the transaction had vexed. The affair was now disposed of. Th... ... once held fast, will rivet our attention till we find its termina- tion. An Orisha, or family-god, presides over each Yoruban clan. According to the ... ...edi," that is, old, esteemed and trustworthy persons. Its head was the Oluwo Oba, shortened to Oluoba (Oba), and also called Oluo. This office is here... ...r labours, and were turned to stone. Since then men worshipped these stones. Oba-diu is the high priest of Oshalla. Odudua is greatly feared. So power... ...ifians and the removal of Modeke further away to somewhere between Oshun and Oba. This put an end to the continuation of the strife, but by no means s... ...dary name of the Sea God, Isindya's first priest, and of the first king, was Oba-Idyo. lUu-Olokun was believed to be the birthplace of all mankind, bo...

Read More
  • Cover Image

At the Back of the Black Man's Mind; Or, Notes on the Kingly Office in West Africa

By: Dennett, Richard Edward, 1857-1921

...the King.—His Attendants.—Viceroys.—The War Chief.—Officers.—Titles of the Oba. All have heard of the massacre of Consul Philips and his unlucky compa... ...people to dwell among. The present Unwagwe'S grandfather was killed by the Oba for refusing to join in the expedition against Consul Philips,and it wa... ...e lines by the so-called Benin City chiefs (who for the most part were the Oba's tax-gatherers). But all Europeans must suffer from the want of knowle... ...a (because he clasped or joined the two people together). He was the first Oba of the Bini, and the present deposed Oba Overami traces his ascent to h... ...by IHELIGO. Ogi'fa=Ogie the king of Efa the people. XVII THE BINI 175 The Oba'S throne or chair was placed on a platform of mud three steps above the... ...near Ibekwe. This word is the general term used for God, and is pronounced Orisha by the Yoruba people. In the lower reaches its name changes to Okwo.... ...P9nn9, Sango and Obktdld. 1 These Deities are generallyknown among us as " Orishas," aterm which, after the religious tradition of the country, was or... ...of this, became objects of worship. But others have represented the term " Orisha " as derived from the circumstance of a serious difference on a 1 Co... ...they say that from this every other object of worship has been called an " Orisha " (Ori-isha), in allusion to the potsherd over which there had been ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Through African Doors

By: Janheinz Jahn

...y inspection. Pieces ofironand dogs' heads are the symbol of Ogun, the iron- orisha, the god of hunters, blacksmiths and, in recent times, a lot of dr... ...e dan. It is the same tradition as demands that anyone asking a favour ofthe Oba, the king, should bring the king a present; and that the kingmay not ... ...GERIA especially inthe four-day festivalofthenew yams in July inhonour ofthe Orishas 17 (the gods) and the seven-day festival in honour of the god Sha... ...e ( 'medicines' (charms), recommended prayers and sacrificesto Shan- go, the Orisha embodying reproduction powers, and to Egungun (the ancestors). As ... ... senses or else get rid ofher. But neither the sacrifices to Shango andother Orishasnor prayers inthechurchesseemedto help. Even Toro's mother couldn'... ...sh Queen. 9 This entry is fairly typical, except for the number of children. Oba SamuelN. O. Oyinlola, the Olokuku of Okuku, born in 1892, is listed a... ... Olokuku of Okuku, born in 1892, is listed as having sixty-two children, and Oba Samuel Adelaye Adenle I, the Ataoja of Oshogbo, as having seventy-thr... ...my being allowed to be taught drumming, which is an art un- befitting an omo-oba (prince) and so I was brought back to my father's home. 'At that time... ...o send their children to him that he could teachthem to read and write. 'Omo-oba Labode was taken to him withme on the same day, but he only remained ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Through African Doors

By: Janheinz Jahn

...the lagoon there. We had a shy youth called Ezekaia with us, a servant ofthe Oba of Badagri with whomwe were staying. There were narrow dug-out canoes... ... inspection. Pieces ofiron and dogs' heads are the symbol of Ogun, the iron- orisha, the god of hunters, blacksmiths and, in recent times, a lot of dr... ... clan. It is the same tradition as demands that anyone asking a favour ofthe Oba, the king, should bring the king a present; and that the kingmay not ... ...GERIA especially inthe four-day festivalofthenew yams in July inhonour ofthe Orishas 11 (the gods) and the seven-day festival in honour of the god Sha... ...senses or else get rid ofher. But neither the sacrifices to Shango and other Orishasnor prayers inthe churches seemed to help. Even Toro's mother coul... ...d Osiyemi Fibigbade, theEbumawe of Ago-Iwoye in the province of Kjebu; where Oba is the general kin^s title, David the Christian baptismal name, Osiye... ...h Queen. 9 This entry is fairly typical., except for the number of children. Oba SamuelN. O. Oyinlola, the Olokuku of Okuku, born in 1892, is listed a... ... Olokuku of Okuku, born in 1892, is listed as having sixty-two children, and Oba Samuel Adelaye Adenle I, the Ataoja of Oshogbo, as having seventy-thr... ...gods. Each is a force, as Man is himself. The Yoruba word for worship is she-orisha, make- god. And the more people worship a god, the stronger he is,...

Read More
  • Cover Image

The Childhood of Man; A Popular Account of the Lives, Customs and Thoughts of the Primitive Races

By: Frobenius, Leo, 1873-1938; Keane, Augustus Henry, 1833-1912

...rstand its cry. He married three of his sisters, Oya (the Niger), Oshunand Oba(two rivers of the same name). All three constantly accompany their husb... ...to create); his younger is the river Ogim; his friend and booncompanion is Orishako (god of the farms); his slave is Biri (Darkness); his wives are th... ...new god. In the city they reported : "Shango is not dead ; he is become an Orisha. He has descended into the earth and lives among the dead, with whom... .... 4 Another myth makes Shango the son of Obatalla. He marriedOya, Oshunand Oba, the three water-goddesses. As an earthly King he ruled at Oyo. The myt... ...HE TYPICAL SUN-GOD had stolen from her husband, and he, being thus made an Orisha, promised to protect her. As Shango approached, Huisi ran down to th... ...e two weapons, striking together, were shat- tered to pieces. Then the two Orishas wrestled to- gether; flames burst from their mouths, and their feet... ...Olosa. OYA. Goddess of the River Niger. OSHUN. Goddess of the River Oshun. OBA. Goddess of the River Oba. ORISHA OKO. God ofAg- riculture. OSHOSI. God... ...r Niger. OSHUN. Goddess of the River Oshun. OBA. Goddess of the River Oba. ORISHA OKO. God ofAg- riculture. OSHOSI. God of Hunters. ORE. God of Mounta... ... the two chief features of the Yoruba myth—the closely-pressed position of Oba- tala and Odudua, and Yemaja's fall to the ground. As the two gods, Oba...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Pamiatniki Drevnei Pis'Mennosti I Iskusstva : Volume 7-8

By: Obshchestvo Liubitele Drevne Pismennosti I Iskusstva (Leningrad, R. S. F. S. R.).

...e.Iri, B npBme~ 008,QaBII.Ia ell, i pelle eit lIaTB, Ran Br'L lUlJlYeft O&OBa TBOero, a Te6a, pelle, 0 MaTR .I1L'tO J1IXO eCTL oaB'}, Koa 'COUft, UB... ...'L ee6e, i MeBS: tSepemeft, H&TH me pe1Je eil 60llca Bra, B ~ lIy~a eBoe OBa ze pe1Je, B Til opeatAe ero, HCRYCB, OBI ze pelJe BTLI E aR'}, and ero... ... aeaAJ JIIOCSBlioe .qleBOj alI\e Te61l COYCTRft oeDIO TO Til JIIOCSB 000& OBa- pelJe COTBOPIO, TaK'L OpBm.la ,1;0,1;0-', B P~&PL pe1Je rAri 611.1& I... ...1 COTBOpIIJla, oaou pelle S&DJlauB'lt 0 MRnIII DaBe DB­ ,1I;Rm'l>·· BeirAa OBa BaDoCre.... BaCTBT'lt, 11 ni Cr06010 Hi­ mae" HrpaTb ryze liTO Bpa r c... ...i\)lOTLl IfCAOSC· 12 .~ XXXV. Aeon. a~e.lll xom.eon. .Uc>6BTr. BOWlaBa, OBa ll8 pelle AiaBo~ BOSMB nona xo~y pLl~pS eooero ,1I0CSHTIt, H pelle pa... ...TiB HCTBURIlX']) AOnra'M. npaBoc.aaBis KpimKBM,]) 6JIOCTBTeJlen, 6.IB3'r. oRisHa OpCRHlI"b atBTeJlen B B'r. nOCTDR'IeCTBil npBcuo~BiTy~RM'r. ItIlll...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Osiris and the Egyptian Resurrection

By: Budge, E. A. Wallis (Ernest Alfred Wallis), Sir 1857-1934

...s way. Among the Yoruba tribes the word for a superhuman being or god is " orisha," which is used equally to express images and sacred objects, and al... ... Olokun, sea-god ; Olosa, lagoon-god ; Oya, Niger-god ; Oshun, river-god ; Oba, river-god ; Orisha Oko, god of agriculture ; Oshosi, god of hunters ; ... ...; Olosa, lagoon-god ; Oya, Niger-god ; Oshun, river-god ; Oba, river-god ; Orisha Oko, god of agriculture ; Oshosi, god of hunters ; Oke, god of mount... ...mself, but did not die, for he went into the earth and there became a god (orisha). 6. Ifa, god of divination, who causes pregnancy, and presides over... ...a and Egypt the office of priest was hereditary. The temple is called " He Orisha," i.e., " house of the god " ; in Egypt also the temple was called "...

Read More
  • Cover Image

The Voice of Africa : Being an Account of the Travels of the German Inner African Exploration Expedition in the Years 1910-1912 : Volume 2

By: Frobenius, Leo, 1873-1938; Deutsche Inner Afrikanische Forschungs Expedition

..., it's just as good a Kuti " (the Nupe " Kuti " is the same as the Yoruban " Orisha ") " as all the others ! But a Mahommedan, never ! Not one of thos... ...l jester. In Nupe his title was Wauwa-tsu, in Houssa, Wauwa-serki, and Asiri-oba in Yoruba. Wauwa signifies " crazy." VOL. II. 17 6io THE VOICE OF AF...

Read More
  • Cover Image

The Friend : A Religious and Literary Journal : Year 1860-61

By: Smith, Robert, 1752-1838

...elites, apparently the most south- ern, should hold " the Mount of Esau." (Oba- diah,19.) I think that here we have witnesses enough to justify our ma... ...egulars appeared, clothed their most costly garments, and well provided wi orishas or charms attached to all parts of thi persons and dress. In the me...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Who S Who 1944

...tipr-y^crutavy of State India Oflltw, Ii)i20, ami whwi Govornot of Bihar and OrisHa, luai. Address: The White House, llnre Ht.rwot, HertH. T.: tiuntin...

Read More
       
1
|
2
Records: 1 - 40 of 50 - Pages: 
 
 





Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.