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Ottawa County, Kansas

 

Ottawa County, Kansas

Ottawa County, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Ottawa County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 27, 1860
Named for Odawa tribe
Seat Minneapolis
Largest city Minneapolis
Area
 • Total 721 sq mi (1,867 km2)
 • Land 721 sq mi (1,867 km2)
 • Water 0.6 sq mi (2 km2), 0.08%
Population
 • (2010) 6,091
 • Density 8.5/sq mi (3/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .orgottawacounty

Ottawa County (standard abbreviation: OT) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 6,091.[1] The largest city and county seat is Minneapolis.[2]

Contents

  • History 1
    • Early history 1.1
    • 20th century 1.2
  • Geography 2
    • Features 2.1
    • Adjacent counties 2.2
  • Demographics 3
  • Education 4
    • Unified school districts 4.1
  • Communities 5
    • Cities 5.1
    • Unincorporated communities 5.2
    • Townships 5.3
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • Further reading 8
  • External links 9

History

Early history

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles.

In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre. In 1848, after the Mexican-American War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo with Spain brought into the United States all or part of land for ten future states, including southwest Kansas. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state.

20th century

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, Ottawa County remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 2006, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 721 square miles (1,870 km2), of which 721 square miles (1,870 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (0.08%) is water.[4]

Features

The Solomon River is the longest river in the county, entering from Cloud County to the northwest and exiting to Saline County to the southeast. The Saline River traverses the southwestern portion of the county, going from Lincoln County to Saline County.

The largest lake is Ottawa State Fishing Lake, a 111-acre (0.45 km2) reservoir to the east of Minneapolis.[5] It is managed by the Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Age pyramid

Ottawa County is part of the Salina, KS Micropolitan Statistical Area.

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 6,163 people, 2,430 households, and 1,718 families residing in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 2,755 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.53% White, 0.54% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 1.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,430 households out of which 31.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.40% were married couples living together, 6.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 17.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,009, and the median income for a family was $46,033. Males had a median income of $30,761 versus $21,380 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,663. About 5.10% of families and 8.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.80% of those under age 18 and 11.70% of those age 65 or over.

Education

1915-1918 Railroad Map of Ottawa County

Unified school districts

  • North Ottawa County USD 239
  • Twin Valley USD 240

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Ottawa County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Ottawa County is divided into twenty townships. The city of Minneapolis is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  5. ^ "Ottawa State Fishing Lake". Retrieved 2008-06-11. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder".  

Further reading

  • History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
  • Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook),(Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)

External links

County
  • Ottawa County - Official Website
  • Ottawa County - Directory of Public Officials
  • Ottawa County - Information, Skyways
Maps
  • Ottawa County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society
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