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Generational list of programming languages

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Title: Generational list of programming languages  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of programming languages, List of programming languages by type, Timeline of programming languages, Bracmat (programming language), MUMPS
Collection: Lists of Programming Languages
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Generational list of programming languages

Here, a genealogy of programming languages is shown. Languages are categorized under the ancestor language with the strongest influence. Those ancestor languages are listed in alphabetical order. Of course, any such categorization has a large arbitrary element, since programming languages often incorporate major ideas from multiple sources.


  • ALGOL based 1
  • APL based 2
  • BASIC based 3
  • Batch languages 4
  • C based 5
  • COBOL based 6
  • COMIT based 7
  • DCL based 8
  • ed based 9
  • Eiffel based 10
  • Forth based 11
  • Fortran based 12
  • FP based 13
  • HyperTalk based 14
  • Java based 15
  • JOSS based 16
  • Lisp based 17
  • ML based 18
  • PL/I based 19
  • Prolog based 20
  • SASL based 21
  • SETL based 22
  • sh based 23
  • Simula based 24
  • Tcl based 25
  • Others 26
  • External links 27

ALGOL based

APL based

  • APL
    • A+
    • J (also under FL)
    • K (also under LISP)
    • NESL
    • PDL (also under Perl)

BASIC based

Batch languages

C based

COBOL based

COMIT based

DCL based

ed based

Eiffel based

Forth based

Fortran based

FP based

HyperTalk based

Java based

JOSS based

Lisp based

ML based

PL/I based

Prolog based

SASL based

SETL based

sh based

Simula based

Tcl based


External links

  • Diagram & history of programming languages
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