World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Plato Tiburtinus

Plato Tiburtinus (lat.: Plato Tiburtinus, fl. 12th century : Plato of Tivoli) was a 12th-century Italian mathematician, astronomer and translator who lived in Barcelona from 1116 to 1138.[1] He is best known for translating Hebrew and Arabic documents into Latin, and was apparently the first to translate information on the astrolabe (an astronomical instrument) from Arabic.

Quadripartitum, 1622

Plato of Tivoli translated the Arab astrologer Albohali's "Book of Birth" into Latin in 1136.[2] He translated Claudius Ptolemy's Tetrabiblos from Arabic to Latin in 1138,[3] the astronomical works of al-Battani, Theodosius' Spherics and the Liber Embadorum by Abraham bar Chiia.[4] He has worked with the mathematician jew Savasorda together (Abraham Bar Ḥiyya Ha-Nasi, Abraham Jew). His manuscripts were widely circulated and were among others used by Albertus Magnus and Fibonacci.

Contents

  • Works 1
  • Literature 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • External links 5

Works

To him are attributed four works science-mathematics:

The translations from the Arabic of seven other works (five astrological, one geomantical, and one medical [now lost]) are ascribed to Plato:

Literature

  • Baldassarre Boncompagni: Delle versioni fatte da platone Triburtino. Atti dell’ Accademia pontificia dei Nuovi Lincei, 4, 1851, S. 249–286
  • F. J. Carmody: Arabic Astronomical and Astrological Sciences in Latin Translation: A Critical Bibliography. Berkeley, Los Angeles 1956
  • Charles Homer Haskins: Studies in History of Medieval Science. Cambridge, Massachusetts 1924
  • Charles Homer Haskins: The Renaissance of the Twelfth Century. Cambridge: Harvard University Press 1927
  • George Sarton: Introduction to the History of Science. Band 2, Teil 1, Baltimore 1931, S. 177–179
  • Moritz Steinschneider Die Europäischen Übersetzungen aus dem Arabischen bis Mitte des 17. Jahrhunderts. Graz 1956
  • Moritz Steinschneider: Abraham Judaeus: Savasorda und Ibn Esra … In: Zeitschrift für Mathematik und Physik. Band 12, 1867, S. 1–44

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Charles E. Butterworth, Blake Andrée Kessel, The Introduction of Arabic philosophy into Europe, (Brill, 1994), 11.
  2. ^ Houtsma, p.875
  3. ^ Jim Tester, Astrology of the Western World, (1987), p. 54
  4. ^ David Eugene Smith, History of Mathematics, (Dover Publications, Inc, 1951), 201.

External links

  • Minio-Paluello, Lorenzo (2008) [1970-80]. "Plato of Tivoli".  
  • Translators
  • Article in the Dictionary of Scientific Biography by Lorenzo Minio-Paluello
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.