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Halil Rifat Pasha

Halil Rifat
خليل رفعت پاشا

Pasha
Mutasarrıf of Vidin
In office
1882–1886
Governor of Sivas Vilayet
In office
1886–1889
Governor of Aidin Vilayet
In office
1889–1891
Preceded by Nafiz Pasha
Succeeded by Abdurrahman Nurettin Pasha
Governor of Manastir Vilayet
In office
1891–1893
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
7 November 1895 – 9 November 1901
Monarch Abdülhamid II
Preceded by Kâmil Pasha
Succeeded by Mehmed Said Pasha
Personal details
Born 1820
Serres, Sanjak of Serres, Salonica Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
Died 9 November 1901
Istanbul (then Constantinople), Ottoman Empire
Nationality Ottoman
Religion Islam

Halil Rifat Pasha (Modern Turkish: Halil Rıfat Paşa) (1820[Notes 1]–9 November 1901) was an Ottoman statesman and a grand vizier for six years between 1895 till his death 1901, under the reign of Abdülhamid II.

Contents

  • Education 1
  • Life and career 2
  • Notes and references 3
  • See also 4
  • External links 5

Education

He was born at Serres and received education in an islamic type parish school in Thessaloniki, then continued to Mekteb-i Mülkiye in Istanbul.

Life and career

After his education years, he started to work as a mailing clerk in Vidin, then worked as secretary in the office of the Governor of Salonika.[1] He advanced by degrees and was appointed to higher official positions by passage of time, including at Rustchuk. In 1882 he was appointed as mutasarrıf of Vidin, then in 1886 he was appointed as governor of Sivas, where he started a road-building programme.[1] He was subsequently appointed governor of Aidin (1889) and later of Monastir, where he fought brigandage units which was rife in the province.[1] He was appointed as minister of internal affairs in 1893 . Then he was appointed as grand vizier in November 1895 . The most important events in his era as grand vizier were the riots of Sason (in 1895) and in Crete (in 1897), as well as the Greco-Turkish War of 1897 which ended with Ottoman victory.

Notes and references

  1. ^ According to the obituary in The Times, he was born about 1807. This would make him almost 95 years old at the time of his death, which is unlikely. Other sources give 1820.
  1. ^ a b c "Obituary - Turkish Grand Vizier" The Times (London). Monday, 11 November 1901. (36609), p. 10.

See also

External links

  • Abdulhamid II Era
  • Halil Rifat Pasha as the minister of internal affairs
  • An educational website that contains information about Halil Rifat Pasha
  • Halil Rifat Paşa (biography in Turkish in pdf format - abstract also in English) Sivas Cumhuriyet University
Political offices
Preceded by
Kâmil Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
7 November 1895 – 9 November 1901
Succeeded by
Mehmed Said Pasha
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