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Warsaw Society of Friends of Learning

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Warsaw Society of Friends of Learning

The Society's building, 1807–23

The Warsaw Society of Friends of Learning (Polish: Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk, TPN) was one of the earliest Polish scientific societies, active in Warsaw from 1800 to 1832.

Name

The Society was also known as Warszawskie Królewskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk (Warsaw Royal Society of Friends of Learning). Sometimes the word "Royal" was omitted.

History

Thorvaldsen's statue of Copernicus, erected in 1830 in front of the Staszic Palace (now headquarters of the Polish Academy of Sciences)

Though the Society was founded in 1800, its traditions harked back to the Thursday dinners that had been held in the final decades of the 18th century by Poland's last king, Stanisław August Poniatowski.[1][2] From 1824 the Society was headquartered in the Staszic Palace (after its renovation in 1820–23), purchased for the Society by one of its most prominent members, Stanisław Staszic.[3] In 1828 the Society had 185 members.[4]

The Society flourished in the repressions.[5][6] The Society's traditions were continued by the Warsaw Scientific Society (Towarzystwo Naukowe Warszawskie).

Influence

The Society was an important part of the second half of the education and publishing. The society sought to popularize learning and shape intellectual and artistic trends, it also had a very broad membership.

After the Załuski Library had been removed by the Russians to St. Petersburg, the Society's library was the greatest public library in former Poland.[9] Its collection was partially confiscated by the Russians in 1832,[10] and later parts of it were destroyed by the Nazis during the Second World War.[11] It had its own journal, the Annals of the Warsaw Society of Friends of Learning (Roczniki Warszawskiego Towarzystwa Przyjaciół Nauk, vols. 1-21, published 1802-30),[12] and the Warsaw Chronicle (Pamiętnik Warszawski), a serious monthly modeled on publications such as the Edinburgh Review.[13]

While some Society members studied the history of Poland (Joachim Lelewel) or the Polish language (Samuel Linde), others implement new inventions and spread ideas of the Industrial Revolution. Staszic was responsible for substantial improvements in mining, Tadeusz Czacki worked at regulating rivers, and others applied engineering or medicine.

After the Warsaw Society was disbanded in 1832, organizations in other cities began using analogous names, e.g., the Poznań Society of Friends of Learning.

Notables

Stanisław Staszic, long-time president of the Society
Presidents:
Members:

See also

Notes

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ [2]
  3. ^ [3]
  4. ^ [4]
  5. ^ [5][6]
  6. ^ [7]
  7. ^ [8]
  8. ^ [9]
  9. ^ [10]
  10. ^ [11][12]
  11. ^ [13]
  12. ^ [14]
  13. ^ [15]

References

This article incorporates information from the revision as of 7 December 2006 of the equivalent article on the Polski WorldHeritage.

External links

  • Warsaw Scientific Society web page (Polish)
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