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Torpedo (car)

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Title: Torpedo (car)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Citroën Type B12, Mercedes-Benz W21, Citroën Type B10, Opel 8/40 PS, Citroën Type B2
Collection: Car Body Styles
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Torpedo (car)

1912 Fiat Type 3 torpedo
1930 Willys-Knight 70A Torpedo

The torpedo body style was a type of automobile body used from the early twentieth century until the mid-1930s; it fell quickly into disuse by World War II.

The name was introduced in 1908 when a Belgian car dealer Captain Theo Masui, the London-based importer of French Gregoire cars, designed a streamlined body and called it "The Torpedo". [1] This design developed into its final form, becoming a generic term when the bonnet line was raised to be level with the car's waistline, resulting in a straight beltline from front to back.[2]

The Torpedo body style was usually fitted to 4- or 5-seat cars. It was an open tourer with detachable or folding hood (top), and low side panels and doors, but no B pillars; the only uprights present were those supporting the windshield.

Similar styles are phaeton and baquet.[3]

The name is also used for trucks with a bonnet.[4]


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