World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Duchy of Philippopolis

Article Id: WHEBN0017352475
Reproduction Date:

Title: Duchy of Philippopolis  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Duchy of Philippopolis, Germans in Bulgaria, 1230s, Frankokratia, Lordship of Chios
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Duchy of Philippopolis

The Duchy of Philippopolis was a short-lived duchy of the Latin Empire founded after the collapse and partition of the Byzantine Empire by the Fourth Crusade in 1204. It included the city of Philippopolis (modern Plovdiv) and the surrounding region.


From 1204 to 1205 it was ruled by Renier of Trit. It was captured for a short time by Emperor Kaloyan of Bulgaria in 1207 but was lost by his successor Boril following his defeat at the Battle of Philippopolis in 1208.

In ca. 1223/24, the then lord of Philippopolis, Gerard of Estreux (otherwise known as Gerard or Girard of Stroim,[1] perhaps a form of Estrœung[2] - Étrœungt - or Estreux[3]) declared himself prepared to acknowledge the suzerainty of the Republic of Venice over a part of his possessions.[4]

In the draft treaty concluded in december 1228 between John of Brienne and the regents of the Latin Empire, it was agreed that after his death, John's heirs would either take possession of the duchy (among other european territories) or of the Latin possessions in Asia Minor. However, in the treaty finally ratified in April 1229 (or 1230, according to Buchon), the rights of Gerard of Stroim over the duchy were confirmed.[5]

The territory of the duchy finally joined the Bulgarian Empire in 1230, in the aftermath of Tsar Ivan Asen II's victory over the Empire of Thessalonica at the Battle of Klokotnitsa.[6]

Dukes of Philippopolis


  1. ^ J. A. Buchon, Éclaircissements historiques, généalogiques et numismatiques sur la principauté française de Morée et ses douze pairies, pp. 23 and 62 (on line)
  2. ^ J.J. de Smet, Mémoire sur Baudoin IX p.60
  3. ^ Filip Van Tricht, The Latin Renovatio of Byzantium: The Empire of Constantinople (1204-1228) p.282
  4. ^ Filip Van Tricht, The Latin Renovatio of Byzantium: The Empire of Constantinople (1204-1228) p.160 on line
  5. ^ Buchon, Histoire des Conquêtes et de l'établissement des Français dans les états de l'ancienne Grèce sous les Ville-Hardoin à la suite de la quatrième Croisade, Volume 1, p.218 ([1])
  6. ^
  7. ^ Filip Van Tricht, The Latin Renovatio of Byzantium: The Empire of Constantinople (1204-1228) p.284

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.