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Political party strength in Virginia

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Political party strength in Virginia

The following table indicates party affiliation in the Commonwealth of Virginia for the individual offices of:

It also indicates the historical composition of the collective:


The parties are as follows:       Anti-Administration (AA);       Constitutional Union (CU);       Democratic (D);       Democratic-Republican (DR);       Federalist (F);       Independent (I);       Non-partisan (N);       Republican (R);       Readjuster (RA);       Union (U); and       Coalition.

Year Executive offices General Assembly United States Congress Electoral College votes
Governor Lieutenant Governor Attorney General State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. House
1776 Patrick Henry (N) not an elected office Edmund Randolph (N) began in 1789
Thomas Jefferson (N)
William Fleming (N)[1]
Thomas Nelson, Jr. (N)
David Jameson (N)[1]
1782 Benjamin Harrison V (N)
1785 Patrick Henry (N)
1786 James Innes (N)
1787 Edmund Randolph (N)
1789 Beverley Randolph (N) William Grayson[2] (AA) Richard Henry Lee (AA)) 7AA, 3PA Y
1790 John Walker (PA)
1791 James Monroe (AA) 8AA, 2PA
1792 Henry Lee III (F)
John Taylor (AA)
1793 15AA, 4PA
vacant vacant
1795 Robert Brooke (DR) Stevens T. Mason (DR) Henry Tazewell (DR) 17DR, 2F
1796 Thomas Jefferson (DR) Red XN
1797 James Wood (DR) Robert Brooke (DR) 15DR, 4F
Hardin Burnley vacant 13DR, 6F
John Pendleton, Jr. 14DR, 5F
1800 James Monroe (DR) Philip Norborne Nicholas (DR) Wilson Cary Nicholas (DR) Thomas Jefferson (DR) Green tickY
1801 18DR, 1F
1803 John Page (DR)
John Taylor (DR) 18DR, 4F
1804 Abraham B. Venable (DR) 19DR, 3F Thomas Jefferson and Y
William Branch Giles (DR) Andrew Moore (DR)
1805 Andrew Moore (DR) William Branch Giles (DR) 21DR, 1F
1806 William H. Cabell (DR)
1807 20DR, 2F
1808 Y
1809 John Tyler, Sr. (DR) Richard Brent (DR) 16DR, 6F
James Monroe (DR)
George William Smith (DR)[2][3]
Peyton Randolph (DR)[1]
1812 James Madison and Elbridge Gerry (DR) Green tickY
James Barbour (DR)
1813 17DR, 6F
1815 Wilson Cary Nicholas (DR) James Barbour (DR) vacant 19DR, 4F
1816 Armistead Thomson Mason (DR) James Monroe and Daniel D. Tompkins (DR) Green tickY
1817 James Patton Preston (DR) John Wayles Eppes (DR) 20DR, 3F
1820 Thomas Mann Randolph, Jr. (DR) John Robertson (DR) James Pleasants (DR)
21DR, 2F
1823 James Pleasants (DR) John Taylor (DR)[2] 21DR, 1F
1824 William H. Crawford and John C. Calhoun (DR) Red XN
1825 vacant Littleton Waller Tazewell (DR) 22DR
1826 John Tyler (DR)[4] John Randolph (DR)
1827 William Branch Giles (D)[1] John Tyler (DR)
1828 Andrew Jackson and John C. Calhoun (D) Green tickY
1830 John Floyd (D)
1832 Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren (D) Green tickY
1833 William Cabell Rives (DR) 21DR
1834 Littleton Waller Tazewell (W) Sidney S. Baxter (W) Benjamin W. Leigh (W)
1835 17DR, 3W, 1D
1836 Wyndham Robertson (W)[1] William Cabell Rives (D) Martin Van Buren and Richard Mentor Johnson (D) Green tickY
1837 David Campbell (D) Richard E. Parker (DR) 15D, 6W
William H. Roane (D)
1839 vacant 12D, 7W, 2Cons.
1840 Thomas Walker Gilmer (W) 11D, 8W, 2Cons. Martin Van Buren and Richard Mentor Johnson (D) Red XN
1841 John M. Patton (W)[1] William Cabell Rives (W) William S. Archer (W) 11W, 10D
John Rutherford (W)[1]
1842 John Munford Gregory (W)[1]
1843 James McDowell (D) 12D, 3W
1844 11D, 4W Y
1845 vacant 13D, 2W
1846 William "Extra Billy" Smith (D) Isaac S. Pennybacker (D)[2]
1847 James Murray Mason (D) Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter (D) 9D, 6W
1848 Lewis Cass and William Orlando Butler (D) Red XN
1849 John B. Floyd (D) 14D, 1W
1850 13D, 2W
1852 Joseph Johnson (D)[5] Shelton Leake (D) Willis P. Bocock (D) Franklin Pierce and William R. King (D) Green tickY
1853 12D, 1W
1855 12D, 1U
1856 Henry A. Wise (D) Elisha W. McComas James Buchanan and John C. Breckinridge (D) Green tickY
1857 William Lowther Jackson John Randolph Tucker (D) 13D
1859 8D, 5 Ind. Dem.
1860 John Letcher (D) Robert Latane Montague (D) John Bell and Edward Everett (CU) Red XN
1861 Robert Latane Montague (D) Daniel Polsley (R)[6] 4U
Waitman T. Willey (U) John S. Carlile (U)
1862 5U
1863 Leopold Copeland Parker Cowper[6] Lemuel J. Bowden (U)[2] vacant during Civil War
1864 William Smith (D) Samuel Price vacant no Electors counted
1865 Leopold Copeland Parker Cowper Thomas Russell Bowden (R) vacant during Reconstruction
Francis Harrison Pierpont (R)[7]
1866 50N 152N
Henry H. Wells (R)[7]
1869 John F. Lewis (R) vacant during Reconstruction 5Cons., 3R
Gilbert Carlton Walker (R)[8] Charles Whittlesey
1870 John Lawrence Marye, Jr. (D) James Craig Taylor 30D, 13R 97D, 41R John F. Lewis (R) John W. Johnston (D)
1871 4D, 3R, 1Cons.
1872 33D, 10R 99D, 33R Ulysses S. Grant and Henry Wilson (R) Green tickY
1873 5D, 4R
1874 James L. Kemper (D) Robert E. Withers (D) Raleigh T. Daniel 34D, 9R 99D, 32R, 1I 5R, 4D
1875 Henry Wirtz Thomas (D) Robert E. Withers (D) 8D, 1R
1876 37D, 6R 101D, 25R, 1I, 5? Samuel J. Tilden and Thomas A. Hendricks (D) Red XN
1878 Frederick W. M. Holliday (D) James A. Walker (D) James G. Field 38D, 4R, 1I 102D, 21I, 9R
1880 31D, 9R 83D, 17R Winfield Scott Hancock and William Hayden English (D) Red XN
1881 William Mahone (RA) 7D, 2R
1882 William E. Cameron (RA) John F. Lewis (RA) Frank S. Blair (RA) 23RA, 17D 58RA, 42D
1883 Harrison H. Riddleberger (RA) 5D, 5RA
1884 25D, 12RA 63D, 37RA 6D, 4RA Grover Cleveland and Thomas A. Hendricks (D) Green tickY
1885 8D, 2R
1886 Fitzhugh Lee (D) John Edward Massey (D) Rufus A. Ayers (D) 30D, 10R 70D, 30R
1887 John W. Daniel (D)[2] 6R, 3D, 1Labor
1888 26D, 14R 61D, 38R, 1I Grover Cleveland and Allen G. Thurman (D) Red XN
1889 John S. Barbour, Jr. (D)[2] 8D, 2R
1890 Philip W. McKinney (D) James Hoge Tyler (D) R. Taylor Scott (D)[2] 30D, 10R 86D, 14R 6D, 4R
1891 10D
1892 39D, 1R 97D, 3R Eppa Hunton (D) Grover Cleveland and Adlai E. Stevenson I (D) Green tickY
1894 Charles Triplett O'Ferrall (D) Robert Craig Kent (D) 38D, 2R 90D, 10R
1895 Thomas S. Martin (D)[2] 9D, 1R
1896 34D, 3R, 1 Cit., 1 Fus., 1 Opp. 68D, 17R, 12P, 3I 8D, 2R William Jennings Bryan and Arthur Sewall (D) Red XN
1898 James Hoge Tyler (D) Edward Echols (D) Andrew Jackson Montague (D) 35D, 4R, 1P 95D, 4R, 1I 6D, 4R
1899 10D
1900 38D, 2R 93D, 7R 9D, 1R William Jennings Bryan and Adlai E. Stevenson I (D) Red XN
1901 10D
1902 Andrew Jackson Montague (D) Joseph Edward Willard (D) William Alexander Anderson (D)
1903 9D, 1R
1904 35D, 5R 86D, 14R Alton B. Parker and Henry G. Davis (D) Red XN
1906 Claude A. Swanson (D) James Taylor Ellyson (D)
1908 William Jennings Bryan and John Worth Kern (D) Red XN
1910 William Hodges Mann (D) Samuel W. Williams (D)
Claude A. Swanson (D)
1912 90D, 10R Woodrow Wilson and Thomas R. Marshall (D) Green tickY
1914 Henry Carter Stuart (D) John Garland Pollard (D) 92D, 8R
1916 36D, 4R 88D, 12R
1918 Westmoreland Davis (D) Benjamin Franklin Buchanan (D) John R. Saunders (D)[2]
1920 34D, 6R Carter Glass (D) James M. Cox and Franklin D. Roosevelt (D) Red XN
1922 Elbert Lee Trinkle (D) Junius Edgar West (D) 95D, 5R 8D, 2R
1923 10D
1924 39D, 1R 97D, 3R John W. Davis and Charles W. Bryan (D) Red XN
1926 Harry F. Byrd (D) 95D, 5R
1928 38D, 2R 93D, 7R Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis (R) Green tickY
1929 7D, 3R
1930 John Garland Pollard (D) James H. Price (D) 95D, 5R
1931 9D, 1R
1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt and John Nance Garner (D) Green tickY
1933 Harry F. Byrd (D) 9D
1934 George C. Peery (D) 93D, 7R
Abram Penn Staples (D)[9][10]
1938 James H. Price (D) Saxon Winston Holt (D)[2]
1940 97D, 3R Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry A. Wallace (D) Green tickY
1941 vacant
1942 Colgate Darden (D) William M. Tuck (D)
1944 37D, 3R 94D, 6R Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S Truman (D) Green tickY
1946 William M. Tuck (D) Lewis Preston Collins II (D) 93D, 7R
Thomas G. Burch (D)
1947 Harvey Black Apperson (D)[2][11] A. Willis Robertson (D)
1948 James Lindsay Almond, Jr. (D)[12] 38D, 2R Harry S Truman and Alben W. Barkley (D) Green tickY
1949 8D
1950 John S. Battle (D) 94D, 6R 9D
1952 Allie Edward Stokes Stephens (D)[13] 37D, 3R Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard M. Nixon (R) Green tickY
1953 7D, 3R
1954 Thomas Bahnson Stanley (D)
1955 8D, 2R
1957 Kenneth Cartwright Patty (D)[11]
1958 James Lindsay Almond, Jr. (D) Albertis S. Harrison, Jr. (D)[12]
1960 38D, 2R 96D, 4R Richard M. Nixon and Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. (R) Red XN
1961 Frederick Thomas Gray (D)[11]
1962 Albertis S. Harrison, Jr. (D) Mills E. Godwin, Jr. (D) Robert Young Button (D) 94D, 5R, 1I
1964 37D, 3R 89D, 11R Lyndon B. Johnson and Hubert H. Humphrey (D) Green tickY
1966 Mills E. Godwin, Jr. (D) Fred G. Pollard (D) 87D, 12R, 1I Harry F. Byrd, Jr. (D)
1967 William B. Spong, Jr. (D) 6D, 4R
1968 34D, 6R 86D, 14R Richard M. Nixon and Spiro Agnew (R) Green tickY
1969 5D, 5R
1970 A. Linwood Holton, Jr. (R) J. Sargeant Reynolds (D)[2] Andrew Pickens Miller (D) 33D, 7R 75D, 24R, 1I Harry F. Byrd, Jr. (I)
1971 6R, 4D
Henry Howell (I)[14]
1972 73D, 24R, 3I
1973 William L. Scott (R) 7R, 3D
1974 Mills E. Godwin, Jr. (R) John N. Dalton (R) 34D, 6R 65D, 20R, 15I
1975 5R, 5D
1976 35D, 5R 78D, 17R, 5I Gerald R. Ford and Robert J. Dole (R) Red XN
1977 Anthony Francis Troy (D) 6R, 4D
1978 John N. Dalton (R) Chuck Robb (D) Marshall Coleman (R) 34D, 6R 76D, 21R, 3I
1979 John Warner (R)
1980 31D, 9R 74D, 25R, 1I Y
1981 9R, 1D
1982 Chuck Robb (D) Richard Joseph Davis (D) Gerald L. Baliles (D)[12] 66D, 32R, 2I
1983 65D, 34R, 1I Paul S. Trible, Jr. (R) 6R, 4D
1984 32D, 8R
1985 William Broaddus[11]
1986 Gerald L. Baliles (D) Douglas Wilder (D) Mary Sue Terry (D)[12] 65D, 33R, 2I
1987 5R, 5D
1988 30D, 10R 64D, 35R, 1I George H.W. Bush and Dan Quayle (R) Green tickY
1989 Chuck Robb (D)
1990 Douglas Wilder (D) Don Beyer (D) 59D, 40R, 1I
1991 6D, 4R
1992 22D, 18R 58D, 40R, 1I George H.W. Bush and Dan Quayle (R) Red XN
1993 Stephen D. Rosenthal[11] 7D, 4R
1994 George Allen (R) Jim Gilmore (R)[12] 52D, 47R, 1I
1995 6D, 5R
1996 20R, 20D[15] Robert J. Dole and Jack Kemp (R) Red XN
1997 Richard Cullen[11]
1998 Jim Gilmore (R) John H. Hager (R) Mark Earley (R)[12] 21R, 19D[16] 50D, 49R, 1I[17]
2000 52R, 47D, 1I Y
2001 Randolph A. Beales[11] George Allen (R) 6R, 4D, 1I
2002 Mark Warner (D) Tim Kaine (D) Jerry Kilgore (R)[12] 64R, 34D, 2I
8R, 3D[18]
2004 24R, 16D 61R, 37D, 2I
Judith Jagdmann[19]
2006 Tim Kaine (D) Bill Bolling (R) Bob McDonnell (R)[12] 57R, 40D, 3I
2007 Jim Webb (D)
2008 21D, 19R 54R, 44D, 2I Barack Obama and Joe Biden (D) Green tickY
2009 Bill Mims (R)[19] 53R, 45D, 2I[20] Mark Warner (D) 6D, 5R
2010 Bob McDonnell (R) Ken Cuccinelli (R) 22D, 18R[21][22] 59R, 39D, 2I
2011 8R, 3D
2012 20R, 20D[23] 66R, 32D, 2I
2013 Tim Kaine (D)
2014 Terry McAuliffe (D) Ralph Northam (D) Mark Herring (D) 20D, 20R[23] 67R, 32D, 1I
21R, 19D[24]
Year Governor Lieutenant Governor Attorney General State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. House Electoral College votes
Executive offices General Assembly United States Congress


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Member of the Council of State acting as governor.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Died in office.
  3. ^ Member of the Council of State acting as governor; was later elected in his own right.
  4. ^ Resigned to be in the U.S. Senate.
  5. ^ First governor popularly elected.
  6. ^ a b Restored government of Virginia.
  7. ^ a b Unelected military governor.
  8. ^ Unelected military governor, then elected in his own right.
  9. ^ Initially appointed to fill vacancy.
  10. ^ Resigned to become judge of the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g Appointed by governor to fill vacancy.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h Resigned to run for governor.
  13. ^ Completed Collins' term.
  14. ^ Won special election to complete Reynolds' term.
  15. ^ Republicans and Democrats negotiated a power-sharing agreement to split control of the chamber after the tie.
  16. ^ Republicans won a special election to claim the majority in the chamber after Democrat Charles Waddell resigned his seat. [1] [2]
  17. ^ The 1997 general election yielded a 51-48-1 Democrat majority. David Brickley resigned his seat right afterward, however, and a special election for District 51 was called. His seat flipped to the Republicans, and with Independent Lacey Putney siding with the Republicans, the chamber was tied. Democrats retained the Speakership through a power-sharing agreement. [3] [4]
  18. ^ In August 2002, Goode became a Republican.
  19. ^ a b Chief deputy attorney general elected attorney general by the General Assembly.
  20. ^ Independents caucusing with Republicans.
  21. ^ Democratic delegate David Marsden won a close special election for Cuccinelli's state senate seat in January 2010.
  22. ^
  23. ^ a b Control of Senate decided by Lieutenant Governor.
  24. ^ On June 9, 2014, Democrat Phillip Puckett resigned from the Virginia State Senate. He was replaced by Republican Ben Chafin in an August 19 special election.

See also

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