World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Stearman C3

Article Id: WHEBN0022103873
Reproduction Date:

Title: Stearman C3  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Stearman 4, Stearman Aircraft, Stearman C2, Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum, Menasco Motors Company
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Stearman C3

Stearman C3
Stearman C3B
Role three-seat light commercial biplane
National origin United States
Manufacturer Stearman Aircraft
Designer Lloyd Stearman
First flight 1927
Status a few are still airworthy
Primary user air mail and commercial companies
Number built 179

The Stearman C3 was an American-built civil biplane aircraft of the 1920s, designed by Stearman Aircraft of Wichita, Kansas. It was also the first Stearman aircraft to receive a type certificate.

Development

The C3 was a rugged biplane with simple straight wings, a tough undercarriage with oleo shock absorbers and two open cockpits with the pilot in the rear and two side-by-side passenger seats in the front. In fact, it was a slightly modified version of the earlier model C2 aircraft. Changes included an increased volume oil tank and larger sized baggage compartment.

Introduced in 1928, the C3 was powered by a variety of engines of between 128 hp and 225 hp, each version having its own designation.[1] The last version of the C3 was the C3R which had several external differences including a cutout in the aft portion of the wing center section for improved pilot visibility, a headrest in the aft cockpit, and slightly increased chord of the rudder and vertical stabilizer.

Although there were several versions of the C3, most were either the C3B and the C3R. A few C3s were approved for float operations.

Operational history

The C3 was built with light commercial applications in mind, including passenger flying and business flights. The C3MB was a special mail-carrying aircraft based on the C3 with the forward cockpit enclosed as a dedicated cargo compartment. This version was operated in 1928 by National Parks Airways on airmail route CAM 26 from Salt Lake City, Utah to Pocatello, Idaho and Great Falls, Montana.[2]

Variants

Variants produced were:[1]

C1
First of the C series powered by a Curtiss OX-5, later re-engined with a 240 hp (179 kW) Menasco-Salmson radial as the C1X. One built.
C2
Four aircraft similar to the C1, with the radiator mounted underneath, hydraulic shock absorbers and dual controls. Variously powered by 90 hp (67 kW) Curtiss OX-5, Wright-Hisso A, Wright Whirlwind and Menasco-Salmson radial engine.
C3B Sport Commercial
220 hp (164 kW) Wright J5 radial engine.[3]
C3C
150 hp (112 kW) Wright Martin/Hispano Suiza E engine.
C3D
180 hp (134 kW) Wright Martin/Hispano Suiza E engine. 1 delivered.
C3E
190 hp (142 kW) Wright Martin/Hispano Suiza E2 engine
C3F
190 hp (142 kW) Wright Martin/Hispano Suiza E3 engine.
C3G
190 hp (142 kW) Wright Martin/Hispano Suiza E4 engine.
C3H
260 hp (194 kW) Menasco-Salmson air-cooled engine.
C3I
160 hp (119 kW) Curtiss C6 engine.
C3K
128 hp (95 kW) Siemens-Halske Sh 12.
C3L
130 hp (97 kW) Comet 7D radial engine. 1 built, later converted to C3B.
C3MB
C3B with forward cockpit enclosed for mail carrying.
C3P
220 hp (164 kW) Wright J5 Whirlwind radial engine.
C3R
225 hp (168 kW) Wright J6 (also known as the Business Speedster).

Operators

 Peru

Aircraft on display

Stearman C3B in 1927 markings of Western Air Express airmail route CAM 12 at the Museum of Flight in Seattle

Specifications (C3B)

Data from [6]

General characteristics
  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 2 passengers
  • Length: 24 ft 0 in (7.32 m)
  • Wingspan: 35 ft 0 in (10.68 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 0 in (2.75 m)
  • Empty weight: 1,650 lb (748 kg)
  • Useful load: 1,025 lb (465 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 2,650 lb (567)

Performance

References

Notes
  1. ^ a b Simpson, 2001, pp. 520–521.
  2. ^ Davies 1998, p. 142.
  3. ^ "Stearman, Boeing-Stearman, Stearman-Hammond, Stearman-Northrop." aerofiles.com. Retrieved: February 5, 2011.
  4. ^  
  5. ^ Ken Olsson. "Our Stories". Waaamuseum.org. Retrieved 2012-07-21. 
  6. ^ Simpson 2001, p. 521.
Bibliography
  • Davies, R.E.G. Airlines of the United States since 1914. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1998. ISBN 1-888962-08-9.
  • Simpson, Rod. Airlife's World Aircraft. Shrewsbury, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-115-3.

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.