World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Carlo Costamagna

Article Id: WHEBN0024475791
Reproduction Date:

Title: Carlo Costamagna  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Münchener Beobachter, NS Månedshefte, Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung, Union of Young Fascists – Vanguard (girls), Fascist Union of Youth
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Carlo Costamagna

Carlo Costamagna (born 21 September 1881 in Quiliano - died 1 March 1965 in Pietra Ligure) was an Italian lawyer and academic noted as a theorist of corporatism. He worked closely with Benito Mussolini and his fascist movement.

Path to fascism

After studying law, Costamagna joined the fascist movement in 1920 and in 1924 was appointed National Secretary of Technical Councils.[1] Politically Costamagna was highly conservative and saw fascism as a transitory phase that existed only for the imposition of corporatism.[1] On this point he had a long-running intellectual debate with Sergio Panunzio who was a strong supporter of the fascist state as an end in itself rather than just a means to economic change.[1] He edited his own journal, Lo Stato, which he founded in 1930.[2]

Academic career

As an academic he was appointed Professor of Corporate Law at the [3]

Government work

Alongside his role in the academic world Costamagna was also involved at various level of politics in Fascist Italy. Between 1926 and 1927 he was involved in drafting a series of laws with fellow legal expert Alfredo Rocco and economist Giuseppe Bottai designed to convert Italy to a fascist state.[1] The concept of the "ethical state" that they developed became the official ideology thereafter.[4] He then moved on to take a leading role in the Ministry of Corporations.[1] He became a member of the Italian Chamber of Deputies in 1929 and served in its successor the Chamber of Fasci and Corporations.[1] He was admitted to the Italian Senate in 1943, by which time he had become part of the circle around the writer Julius Evola.[5]


Costamagna did not face prison for his involvement in the fascist government after the Second World War but he was barred from any university involvement as a consequence.[5] He was involved in the formation of the Italian Social Movement and, with his combination of conservative ideals, corporatist economics and Evola inspired mysticism became one of the leading exponents of the Italian version of the Conservative Revolutionary movement.[5]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g Philip Rees, Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890, 1990, p. 68
  2. ^ Roger Griffin, Fascism, Oxford University Press, 1995, p. 84
  3. ^ P. Davies & D. Lynch, Routledge Companion to Fascism and the Far Right, 2002, p. 203
  4. ^ Piero Ignazi, Extreme Right Parties in Western Europe, Oxford University Press, 2006, p. 17
  5. ^ a b c Rees, Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right, p. 69
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.