World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Shanghai Botanical Garden

Article Id: WHEBN0037097234
Reproduction Date:

Title: Shanghai Botanical Garden  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Shanghai
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Shanghai Botanical Garden

Pine penjing in the Penjing Garden, Shanghai Botanical Garden.

The Shanghai Botanical Garden (Chinese: 上海植物园) is a botanic garden located in the southwestern suburbs of Shanghai, China, (around 12 km southwest of the city centre) in the Xuhui District.

Covering 81.86 hectares, the garden has a renowned penjing garden,[1] as well as collections of magnolias, roses, azaleas, peonies, conifers, maples, osmanthus and bamboo.[1]

History

The Shanghai Botanical Garden was established in 1974, and is located on the site of Longhua Nursery.[1] The largest municipal botanic garden in China, it has won prizes in the Netherlands and Canada with plant displays.[2] The garden is not a member of Botanic Gardens Conservation International, although it is an International Agenda Registrant.[3]

Features

Inside the tropicarium.

Covering 81.86 hectares, the garden has a diverse collection of Chinese plants,[1] including 3500 species of local regional flora from the Middle and Lower Yangtze River are located in the gardens.[4]

The Penjing Garden was established in 1978 and is 4 hectares (9.9 acres) in size.[5] A penjing museum was added in 1995.[5] The 5000 square metre Tropicarium was opened to the public in 2001. It is a conservatory with 3500 species of tropical and subtropical plant.[6]

Established in 1988, The Magnolia Garden covers 1.51 hectares and has 40 species, including Magnolia denudata, Magnolia liliiflora, Magnolia grandiflora, Magnolia cylindrica, Magnolia amoena, Michelia chapensis, Liriodendron chinense and others, including Magnolia × soulangeana.[7] Established in 1980, the Peony Garden covers 3.24 hectares and has 120 cultivars of tree peony that were developed in China.[8]

The Bamboo Garden was established in 1978 and has 74 species of bamboo across its 3.6 hectares.[9] The 5.33 hectares of the Conifer Garden contain 280 species and varieties of conifer.[10]

The garden employs a hundred horticultural staff, ten educational staff and thirty research staff.[3]

Transportation

Shanghai Botanical Garden can be reached on the Shanghai Metro using Shanghai Metro Line 3 to Shanghai South Railway Station or Shilong Road Station. Alternatively, it can be access by rail from the main Shanghai South Railway Station.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Valder, Peter (2002). Gardens in China. Glebe, NSW: Florilegium. pp. 251–52.  
  2. ^ Zhou, Lijing (2006). "Botanical Gardens in China". Department of Agriculture website. Nacogdoches, Texas: Stephen F. Austin State University. Retrieved 25 September 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Botanic Gardens Conservation International. "Shanghai Botanical Garden". Retrieved 26 September 2012. 
  4. ^ "About Us". Shanghai Botanical Garden. Shanghai, China. Retrieved 24 September 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "Penjing (Bonsai) Garden". Shanghai Botanical Garden. Shanghai, China. Retrieved 24 September 2012. 
  6. ^ "Tropicarium". Shanghai Botanical Garden. Shanghai, China. Retrieved 24 September 2012. 
  7. ^ "Magnolia Garden". Shanghai Botanical Garden. Shanghai, China. Retrieved 24 September 2012. 
  8. ^ "Peony Garden". Shanghai Botanical Garden. Shanghai, China. Retrieved 24 September 2012. 
  9. ^ "Bamboo Garden". Shanghai Botanical Garden. Shanghai, China. Retrieved 24 September 2012. 
  10. ^ "Conifer Garden". Shanghai Botanical Garden. Shanghai, China. Retrieved 24 September 2012. 

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.