World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Innenstadt (Braunschweig)

Article Id: WHEBN0037221595
Reproduction Date:

Title: Innenstadt (Braunschweig)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Stöckheim-Leiferde, Östliches Ringgebiet, Braunschweig
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Innenstadt (Braunschweig)

Innenstadt
Stadtbezirk of Braunschweig
Burgplatz
Burgplatz
Coat of arms of Innenstadt
Coat of arms
Innenstadt  is located in Germany
Innenstadt
Innenstadt
Coordinates:
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Braunschweig urban district
City Braunschweig
Government
 • Mayor Ines Werner (SPD)
Area
 • Total 02.374 km2 (0.917 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)
 • Total 13,350
 • Density 5,600/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 38100
Dialling codes 0531
Vehicle registration BS

The Innenstadt ("inner city") is the central Stadtbezirk (city district) of Braunschweig, Germany. The district consists of five formerly independent city precincts (Altewiek, Altstadt, Hagen, Neustadt, and Sack), and is surrounded by the river Oker and in area mostly identical with the medieval city of Braunschweig.

History

Map of Braunschweig in 1400

It wasn't until the 19th century, when industrialisation caused rapid population growth, that Braunschweig was enlarged beyond its medieval fortifications and the Oker. Therefore, up to that point the history of Innenstadt is identical with that of the city itself.[1]

From the Middle Ages up to the early modern period, Braunschweig's population ranged between about 15,000 and 25,000 people, making it one of the largest German cities at the time.[2] Today 13,500 people live in the Innenstadt.[3] Due to the city's growth since the 19th century, the district today therefore is home to just about 5.5% of Braunschweig's population, and makes up only 2.1% of its current area.[4]

During World War II the allied air raids destroyed 90 percent of Braunschweig's inner city.[5] A small section of the Altstadt survived the bombing, and since the 1990s there also have been increased efforts to restore and reconstruct historic buildings that had been destroyed in the war.

Politics

The district mayor, Ines Werner, is a member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany.[6]

Main sights

Most of Braunschweig's main sights are located within the inner city, including the five so called Traditionsinseln - parts of the medieval city that either survived World War II or were reconstructed since then.[7]

The Traditionsinseln are:

Also located within the district are the Herzog Anton Ulrich Museum, the State Museum of Brunswick, Brunswick Palace, and the State Theatre. The Innenstadt is Braunschweig's main shopping district and home to the city's annual christmas market.

Coat of arms

The Innenstadt uses the same coat of arms as the city of Braunschweig. Each of the five precincts also has its own coat of arms, all showing Brunswick's red lion on a silver shield:

References

  1. ^ Geschichte der Innenstadt (in German). Retrieved on October 4, 2012.
  2. ^ Camerer; Garzmann; Pingel; Schuegraf (1996). Braunschweiger Stadtlexikon (in German) (4th ed.). p. 66. 
  3. ^ Einwohnerzahlen nach Stadtbezirken (in German). Retrieved on October 4, 2012.
  4. ^ Flächen der Stadtbezirke (in German). Retrieved on October 4, 2012.
  5. ^ Die Bombardierung Braunschweigs (in German). Retrieved on October 4, 2012.
  6. ^ Stadtbezirksrat 131 Innenstadt (in German). Retrieved on October 4, 2012.
  7. ^ Tourist guide Braunschweig (in German). Retrieved on October 4, 2012.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.