World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Television in Iran

Article Id: WHEBN0041104343
Reproduction Date:

Title: Television in Iran  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Television in Iran, Television in Kyrgyzstan, Media of Iran, Television in Syria, Television in Lebanon
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Television in Iran

Television was introduced to Iran in 1958, when TVI (Television Iran) was established in Tehran as a privately owned and commercially operated monopoly, and granted a concession of five years, repeated by a second.[1] A southern branch of Television Iran, based in Abadan, was established in 1960.[2] Its programming included quiz shows and American programmes dubbed into Persian, and appealed to an unsophisticated audience.[1] Habib Sabet, a Baha'i who was one of Iran's major industrialists, was the founder of the first television station.[3]

A separate National Television Network (NITV), established in 1966, catered for a more educated public.[1] TVI was nationalised in 1969, becoming a government monopoly which employed about 9,000 people by 1979.[1] NITV was then merged with Radio Iran in 1972, forming the National Iran Radio and Television (NIRT).[4] Full colour programming began in 1978, although the 1974 Asian Games had been broadcast in colour.[1]

After the 1979 Islamic Revolution the NIRT continued to exist, but was renamed as "Seda va Sima-ye Jomhouri-e Eslami-ye Iran" (Voice and Vision of the Islamic Republic of Iran), and known as the Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB) in English.[4]

Although satellite dishes are banned under a 1994 law,[5] the research centre of IRIB estimates that they're used by up to 70% of Iranian households.[6]

Despite being repeatedly jammed, the BBC Persian channel had a weekly audience of 7.2 million in 2011.[7] GEM TV is one of the most popular satellite channels in Iran. Based in Dubai, it is broadcast illegally into the country.[8] Farsi1, a satellite channel part owned by News Corporation broadcasting mostly comedies and dramas from Latin America and Korea, is one of the most popular stations in the country.[9]

The political opposition broadcasts from outside Iran via the satellite TV channel Simaye Azadi Iran National TV.

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.