World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Agnes Boulton

Article Id: WHEBN0007299039
Reproduction Date:

Title: Agnes Boulton  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Eugene O'Neill, Oona O'Neill, English memoirists, English short story writers, 20th-century English novelists
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Agnes Boulton

Agnes Boulton (September 19, 1893 – November 25, 1968) was a successful pulp fiction writer in the 1910s, later the wife of Eugene O'Neill. Prior to their marriage, she wrote for such magazines as Breezy Stories, Snappy Stories, and Young's Magazine.

Life and career

Boulton was born in 1893 in London, England, the daughter of Cecil Maud (Williams) and Edward William Boulton, an artist.[1][2][3] She grew up in Philadelphia[4] and later in West Point Pleasant, New Jersey. She had married a Mr. Burton, who died prior to the meeting between O'Neill and Agnes Boulton; they had a daughter, Barbara.[4]

Boulton met O'Neill in the fall of 1917 in the Golden Swan Saloon, better known as The Hell Hole, in Greenwich Village. They married some six months later, on April 12, 1918 at Provincetown, Massachusetts.[5]

O'Neill, at the time, was considered a promising author of one-act plays. During the first year of their marriage, he wrote Beyond the Horizon, his first full-length, Broadway play, which won the George Jean Nathan.

She gave birth to Shane O'Neill in 1919 and Oona O'Neill in 1925.[7] The marriage came to an end when O'Neill left Boulton for the actress Carlotta Monterey in 1928, and they divorced in 1929.[8] The Boulton/O'Neill marriage has been studied and written about by William Davies King, professor of theater at UC Santa Barbara, in "Another Part of a Long Story: Literary Traces of Eugene O'Neill and Agnes Boulton" (Michigan 2010).[8]

Her daughter, Oona O'Neill, married Charlie Chaplin in 1943 at the age of 18 (he was 54), and moved to Switzerland with him nine years later, renouncing her American citizenship.

Boulton published a novel, The Road Is Before Us, in 1944, and a memoir of the first two years of her marriage to O'Neill in 1958, entitled Part of a Long Story.[9] The memoir gives a portrayal of an odd literary marriage at its inception. A new and annotated version of that book was published by McFarland in 2011. A selection of her stories can be found on eOneill.com.

Contrary to the terms of the 1929 divorce settlement, Boulton had saved most of her letters to and from O'Neill, as well as some O'Neill manuscripts, including "Exorcism," a one-act play by O'Neill, which was thought to have been destroyed but had been given by Boulton to a friend, screenwriter-producer Philip Yordan. It was published in the October 17, 2011 issue of The New Yorker.

The O'Neill/Boulton correspondence was published in 2000 by Fairleigh Dickinson University Press in a volume called A Wind Is Rising.[10]

Boulton died on November 25, 1968 in West Point Pleasant, New Jersey.[5]

References

  1. ^ "Boulton, Agnes (1893–1968)". encyclopedia.com, accessed February 18, 2012
  2. ^ http://eoneill.com/library/shadow/I.htm
  3. ^ http://muse.jhu.edu/books/9780472027057
  4. ^ a b "Mrs. Agnes Kaufman, 7'5, Dies; Eugene O'Neill's Second Wife: Writer of Short Stories and Pulp Novels Was Mother of Oona and Shane", The New York Times, November 26, 1968, p. 53
  5. ^ a b "Agnes Boulton Collection of Eugene O'Neill" Yale University Library, accessed February 17, 2012
  6. ^ "Drama, See 1920". Pulitzer.org, accessed February 17, 2012
  7. ^ "Agnes Boulton (1893-1968)" Yale University Library, Beinecke Collection, p. 4
  8. ^ a b "UCSB Theater Arts Scholar Examines Life of Agnes Boulton, Wife of Playwright Eugene O'Neill-Press Release" UC Santa Barbara, September 1, 2010
  9. ^ King, William Davies. " 'Another Part of a Long Story', Introduction". The University of Michigan Press, 2010, accessed February 18, 2012
  10. ^ O'Neill, Eugene and Boulton, Agnes; King, William Davies (Ed.). "A Wind Is Rising". A Wind Is Rising (2000), books.google.com, Associated University Presses, Inc. (Cranbury, NJ), ISBN 0-8386-3808-2
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.