World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Arthur Kill Vertical Lift Bridge

Article Id: WHEBN0004056903
Reproduction Date:

Title: Arthur Kill Vertical Lift Bridge  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Hackensack RiverWalk, Bayonne Bridge, Vertical-lift bridge, Staten Island, Port of New York and New Jersey
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Arthur Kill Vertical Lift Bridge

Arthur Kill Vertical Lift Bridge
Arthur Kill Lift Bridge
Carries Conrail and M&E rail lines
Crosses Arthur Kill
Locale Elizabeth, New Jersey and Staten Island, New York, United States
Owner New York City Economic Development Corporation[1][2]
Design Vertical-lift bridge
Width 1 track
Height 215 feet (66 m)
Longest span 558 feet (170 m)[3]
Clearance below 135 feet (41 m)
Opened August 25, 1959;
reopened October 4, 2006
Coordinates
The bridge connects the western bulge in Staten Island, upper left, with the New Jersey mainland.

The Arthur Kill Vertical Lift Railroad Bridge is a railroad-only, vertical-lift bridge connecting Elizabethport, New Jersey and the Howland Hook Marine Terminal on Staten Island, New York, United States. The bridge was built by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in 1959 to replace a swing bridge opened in 1890.[4][5] It is a single-track bridge that parallels the Goethals Bridge, which is a section of Interstate 278. It has the longest lift span of any vertical-lift bridge in the world,[6] with two 215-foot (66 m) towers and a 558-foot (170 m) truss span that allows a 500-foot (150 m) channel. It clears mean high water by 31 feet (9.4 m) when closed and 135 feet (41 m) when lifted.[7]

Contents

  • First period of use 1
  • Second period of use 2
  • Image gallery 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

First period of use

After the bridge opened in 1959[4] rail traffic declined due to manufacturing facilities on Staten Island closing. Bethlehem Steel closed in 1960, U.S. Gypsum in 1972, U.S. Lines-Howland Hook Marine Terminal in 1986, and Procter and Gamble in 1991. A shift to truck traffic also reduced rail traffic over the bridge, and the North Shore branch of rail service went through a series of owners. The three companies that owned the North Branch were B&O Railroad, CSX, and the Delaware Otsego Corporation. They saw the bridge as excess property. The last freight train went over the Arthur Kill Lift Bridge in 1990, and North Shore branch service ended until 2007.[8]

Second period of use

In 1994, the New York City Economic Development Corporation (NYCEDC) purchased the Arthur Kill Railroad Lift Bridge and the North Shore branch from CSX.[9] On December 15, 2004, NYCEDC and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey announced a joint $72 million project to rehabilitate the bridge and reactivate freight rail service on Staten Island. Repairs included repainting the steel and rehabilitating the lift mechanism. The bridge was painted royal blue in an homage to the B&O.[10] The rehabilitation project was completed in June 2006.

On October 4, 2006, a train crossed the bridge for the first time in 16 years. It was a single locomotive which took on switching duties at the New York Container Terminal, also known by its old name, Howland Hook.[11]

On April 2, 2007, normal operations involving garbage removal from the Staten Island Transfer Station started, which would result in an estimated 90,000 annual truck loads diverted from the nearby Goethals Bridge.[12] On October 4, 2007, New York Container Terminal, which operates Howland Hook, announced the opening of on-dock rail service via the bridge, with regular service by Conrail, CSX and Norfolk Southern railroads.[13]

The bridge is normally kept in the raised position, lowering to allow the passage of trains. As of 2008, it was lowered three times a day.[2]

Image gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Belson, Ken; Neuman, William (March 13, 2007). "City Hopes to Fix a Staten Island Railroad Bridge That Could, but Now Can’t". The New York Times. Retrieved July 24, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Arthur Kill Lift Bridge [rehabiltation project]". Hudson Meridian Construction Group. 2008. Retrieved July 24, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Arthur Kill Vertical Lift Bridge".  
  4. ^ a b "Center of New Bridge Floated Across Arthur Kill on 4 Barges".  
  5. ^ "The Arthur Kill Bridge.; Arguments For And Against The Proposed Plans". The New York Times. March 22, 1888. 
  6. ^ "Movable bridge".  
  7. ^ Railway Age 4 March 1957 p36
  8. ^ "NJ-Staten Island link poised to return; Arthur Kill bridge finally fixed".  
  9. ^ http://www.envisionfreight.com/issues/pdf/Task_6_Case_Study_SIRR.pdf
  10. ^ The royal blue color was a thematic element of much of the B&O. It was used as the name of the premier Royal Blue (train) service between Washington and New York for example.
  11. ^ Young, Deborah (October 5, 2006). "Riding the rails into the port's future". Staten Island Advance. 
  12. ^ Yates, Maura (April 3, 2007). "As the trash train rolls, fewer trucks clog roads". Staten Island Advance. 
  13. ^ "NYCT announces the opening of its On-Dock Rail!" (Press release). New York Container Terminal. October 4, 2007. Retrieved 2010-01-15. 

External links

  • Arthur Kill Railroad Lift Bridge at NYCRoads.com
  • Train Crosses The Arthur Kill Vertical Lift Bridge on YouTube
  • Arthur Kill Lift Bridge‏ on YouTube
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.