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Cowley County, Kansas

 

Cowley County, Kansas

Cowley County, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Cowley County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1867
Seat Winfield
Largest city Arkansas City
Area
 • Total 1,132 sq mi (2,932 km2)
 • Land 1,126 sq mi (2,916 km2)
 • Water 6.7 sq mi (17 km2), 0.6%
Population
 • (2010) 36,311
 • Density 32/sq mi (12/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .org.cowleycountywww

Cowley County (county code CL) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 36,311.[1] Its county seat is Winfield,[2] and its most populous city is Arkansas City.

Cowley County comprises the Arkansas City-Winfield, KS Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Wichita-Arkansas City-Winfield, KS Combined Statistical Area.

Contents

  • History 1
    • 19th century 1.1
    • 21st century 1.2
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties 2.1
  • Demographics 3
  • Government 4
  • Education 5
    • Unified school districts 5.1
    • Colleges 5.2
  • Communities 6
    • Cities 6.1
    • Unincorporated communities 6.2
    • Townships 6.3
  • Notable people 7
  • See also 8
  • Further reading 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

History

19th century

For millennia, the land now known as Kansas was inhabited by Kansas became the 34th U.S. state.

Cowley County was officially organized as a county, but reserved for the Osage Indians, by the Kansas Legislature in March 1867, originally named Hunter County for Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter (1809–1887), a Virginia Representative and Senator to Congress and Speaker of the House in the twenty-sixth Congress. In 1870, the county was renamed for Matthew Cowley, First Lieutenant in Company I, 9th Kansas Cavalry, who died at Little Rock, Arkansas, on October 7, 1864. Officially opened for settlement July 15, 1870, there was a lengthy and bitter disagreement between the towns of Winfield and Cresswell (the town now named Arkansas City) over the possession of the county seat of government. Finally settled after two special elections and numerous petitions to the Governor and Legislature, Winfield was determined to be the county seat and a courthouse was constructed in 1873 at a cost of $11,500.[4]

21st century

In 2010, the Keystone-Cushing Pipeline (Phase II) was constructed north to south through Cowley County, with much controversy over tax exemption and environmental concerns (if a leak ever occurs).[5][6] A pumping station named Rock was built.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,132 square miles (2,930 km2), of which 1,126 square miles (2,920 km2) is land and 6.7 square miles (17 km2) (0.6%) is water.[7]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[13] there were 36,291 people, 14,039 households, and 9,616 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km2). There were 15,673 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.13% White, 2.70% Black or African American, 1.96% Native American, 1.53% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.36% from other races, and 2.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.59% of the population.

There were 14,039 households out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.20% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.50% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.00% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,406, and the median income for a family was $43,636. Males had a median income of $31,703 versus $21,341 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,509. About 9.20% of families and 12.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.00% of those under age 18 and 11.20% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 1996, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink without a food sales requirement.[14]

Education

Unified school districts

  • USD 462, Central
  • USD 463, Udall
  • USD 465, Winfield
  • USD 470, Arkansas city
  • USD 471, Dexter

Colleges

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Cowley County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Cowley County is divided into twenty-five townships. The cities of Arkansas City and Winfield are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Beaver 05025 244 3 (7) 92 (36) 2 (1) 1.91%
Bolton 07875 1,754 13 (33) 136 (53) 2 (1) 1.59%
Cedar 11250 44 0 (1) 119 (46) 1 (0) 0.45%
Creswell 16375 2,098 22 (56) 97 (38) 2 (1) 2.07%
Dexter 17950 506 3 (7) 185 (71) 0 (0) 0.19%
Fairview 22475 203 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.29%
Grant 27550 76 1 (2) 116 (45) 0 (0) 0.09%
Harvey 30525 117 1 (2) 162 (63) 0 (0) 0.24%
Liberty 39950 218 2 (5) 124 (48) 0 (0) 0.02%
Maple 44450 702 8 (20) 91 (35) 0 (0) 0%
Ninnescah 50625 1,114 12 (31) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.09%
Omnia 52850 357 4 (10) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.22%
Otter 53625 54 0 (1) 135 (52) 1 (0) 0.68%
Pleasant Valley 56500 838 7 (18) 117 (45) 0 (0) 0.05%
Richland 59275 178 2 (4) 108 (42) 0 (0) 0%
Rock Creek 60525 243 3 (7) 92 (35) 1 (0) 0.55%
Salem 62625 364 5 (14) 66 (26) 0 (0) 0.27%
Sheridan 64650 159 2 (4) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.01%
Silver Creek 65500 770 8 (21) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.27%
Silverdale 65575 327 2 (6) 136 (53) 0 (0) 0.31%
Spring Creek 67400 77 1 (2) 115 (45) 0 (0) 0.26%
Tisdale 70725 340 4 (11) 78 (30) 0 (0) 0.13%
Vernon 73575 502 5 (13) 102 (39) 1 (0) 0.67%
Walnut 74925 626 7 (18) 89 (34) 0 (0) 0.18%
Windsor 79875 211 1 (2) 243 (94) 0 (0) 0.18%
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

Notable people

See List of people from Cowley County, Kansas

General Dean Coldwell Strother was a United States Air Force four-star general who served as U.S. Military Representative, NATO Military Committee (USMILREP), from 1962 to 1965; and as Commander in Chief, North American Air Defense Command/Commander in Chief, Continental Air Defense Command (CINCNORAD/CINCONAD), from 1965 to 1966.

Robert Docking was a successful banker and mayor of Arkansas City before he became the 38th Governor of Kansas.

Several college football head coaches have passed through Winfield that have gone on to become widely recognized. Jerry Kill is the current head coach for the Minnesota Golden Gophers—he played for the Southwestern Moundbuilders under Dennis Franchione when he was head coach. Jack Mitchell went on to coach several schools including the Kansas Jayhawks. Former head coach and for the Oklahoma Sooners and College Football Hall of Fame member Bennie Owen was born in Arkansas City.

Perhaps the most famous resident of Cowley County is the fictional character Mary Ann Summers from the television show Gilligan's Island. It is said on the show that she is "employed at the Winfield General Store."

See also

Further reading

Cowley County
  • History of Cowley County Kansas; D.A. Millington / E.P. Greer; Winfield Courier; 162 pages; 1901. (Download 16MB PDF eBook)
  • Standard Atlas of Cowley County, Kansas; Geo. A. Ogle & Co; 54 pages; 1905.
  • Edwards' Historical Atlas of Cowley County, Kansas; John P. Edwards; 52 pages; 1882.
Kansas
  • History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
  • Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook), (Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ D. A. Millington and E. P. Greer, ”History of Cowley County Kansas”., Winfield Courier, January 1, 1901 Supplement
  4. ^ "William G. Cutler's, History of the State of Kansas". A. T. Andreas Press, 1883. 
  5. ^ ; April 18, 2010.Marion County Commission calls out Legislative Leadership on Pipeline DealKeystone Pipeline -
  6. ^ ; December 10, 2010.TransCanada inspecting pipelineKeystone Pipeline -
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  14. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 

External links

County
  • Cowley County - Official Website
  • Cowley County - Directory of Public Officials
  • Cowley County - Information, Skyways
Historical
  • Cowley County - GenWeb
Maps
  • Cowley County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society
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