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Elk County, Kansas

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Title: Elk County, Kansas  
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Subject: List of townships in Kansas, Grenola, Kansas, Howard, Kansas, Longton, Kansas, Moline, Kansas
Collection: 1875 Establishments in Kansas, Elk County, Kansas, Kansas Counties, Populated Places Established in 1875
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Elk County, Kansas

Elk County, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Elk County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded March 25, 1875
Seat Howard
Largest city Howard
Area
 • Total 650 sq mi (1,683 km2)
 • Land 644 sq mi (1,668 km2)
 • Water 6.2 sq mi (16 km2), 1.0%
Population
 • (2010) 2,882
 • Density 4.5/sq mi (2/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .orgelkcountyks

Elk County (county code EK) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 2,882.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Howard.[2]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Law and government 2
  • Geography 3
    • Adjacent counties 3.1
  • Demographics 4
  • Education 5
    • Unified school districts 5.1
  • Communities 6
    • Cities 6.1
    • Unincorporated communities 6.2
    • Townships 6.3
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • Further reading 9
  • External links 10

History

Elk County was founded in 1875. It was named from the Elk River.[3] The first railroad in Elk County was built through that territory in 1879.[4]

Law and government

Although the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 to allow the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with the approval of voters, Elk County has remained a prohibition, or "dry", county.[5]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 650 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 644 square miles (1,670 km2) is land and 6.2 square miles (16 km2) (1.0%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[12] there were 3,261 people, 1,412 households, and 923 families residing in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 1,860 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.06% White, 0.21% Black or African American, 0.95% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.20% from other races, and 2.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.18% of the population.

There were 1,412 households out of which 24.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.00% were married couples living together, 6.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.60% were non-families. 32.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.50% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 20.00% from 25 to 44, 26.50% from 45 to 64, and 25.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 91.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,267, and the median income for a family was $34,148. Males had a median income of $28,580 versus $16,219 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,066. About 9.20% of families and 13.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.80% of those under age 18 and 15.00% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Unified school districts

  • West Elk USD 282
  • Elk Valley USD 283

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Elk County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Elk County is divided into ten townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Elk Falls 20325 196 1 (3) 152 (59) 0 (0) 0.19%
Greenfield 28550 321 2 (5) 171 (66) 1 (0) 0.62%
Howard 33275 Howard 1,006 6 (16) 166 (64) 1 (1) 0.86%
Liberty 40025 117 1 (2) 154 (59) 0 (0) 0.19%
Longton 42675 530 5 (12) 116 (45) 0 (0) 0.11%
Oak Valley 51950 154 1 (3) 116 (45) 0 (0) 0.24%
Painterhood 54075 68 0 (1) 154 (59) 1 (0) 0.37%
Paw Paw 54925 116 1 (2) 141 (54) 0 (0) 0.24%
Union Center 72500 116 0 (1) 371 (143) 2 (1) 0.46%
Wildcat 79150 637 5 (12) 135 (52) 2 (1) 1.35%
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Elk County, Kansas". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 20 March 2014. 
  4. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc. Standard Publishing Company. pp. 573–574. 
  5. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2004. Retrieved 2007-01-21. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  7. ^ The counties of Elk and Chautauqua were organized from parts of Howard County in 1875. The census populations for Howard were 2,794 in 1870 and 19 in 1860.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder".  

Further reading

  • History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
  • Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook),(Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)

External links

Official sites
  • Elk County
Additional information
  • Blue Skyways
  • Kansas Statistical Abstract
Maps
  • Elk County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society
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