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Title: Injury  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Movement assessment, Whiplash (medicine), Microtrauma, Bankart lesion, First aid
Collection: Health-Related Lists, Injuries
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


The knee of a person is examined with the help of radiography after an injury.
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 S00-T88
ICD-9-CM 800-999
MeSH D014947

Injury is damage to the body.[1] This maybe caused by accidents, falls, hits, weapons, and other causes.[1]

Major trauma is injury that has the potential to cause prolonged disability or death.

In 2013 4.8 million people died from injuries up from 4.3 million in 1990. More than 30% of these deaths were transport related injuries. In 2013 367,000 children less than five died from injuries down from 766,000 in 1990.[2] Injuries are the cause of 9% of all death and are the sixth leading cause of death in the world.[3][4]


  • Classification 1
    • By cause 1.1
    • By modality 1.2
    • By location 1.3
    • By activity 1.4
  • See also 2
  • References 3


The World Health Organization (WHO) developed the International Classification of External Causes of Injury (ICECI). Under this system, injuries are classified by

  • mechanism of injury,
  • objects/substances producing injury,
  • place of occurrence,
  • activity when injured,
  • the role of human intent,

and additional modules. These codes allow the identification of distributions of injuries in specific populations and case identification for more detailed research on causes and preventive efforts.[5][6]

The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics developed the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System (OIICS). Under this system injuries are classified by

  • nature,
  • part of body affected,
  • source and secondary source, and
  • event or exposure.

The OIICS was first published in 1992 and has been updated several times since.[7]

The Orchard Sports Injury Classification System (OSICS) is used to classify injuries to enable research into specific sports injuries.[8]

By cause

By modality

By location

By activity

See also


  1. ^ a b "Wounds and Injuries: MedlinePlus". Retrieved 2015-07-20. 
  2. ^ GBD 2013 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators (17 December 2014). "Global, regional, and national age-sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 240 causes of death, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013.". Lancet.  
  3. ^ "The top 10 causes of death". Retrieved 24 May 2015. 
  4. ^ Stein DM, Santucci RA (July 2015). "An update on urotrauma". Current opinion in urology 25 (4): 323–30.  
  5. ^ "International Classification of External Causes of Injury (ICECI)".  
  6. ^ Robertson, LS (2015) Injury Epidemiology: Fourth Edition. Free online at
  7. ^ "Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System".  
  8. ^ Rae, K; Orchard, J (May 2007). "The Orchard Sports Injury Classification System (OSICS) version 10". Clin J Sport Med. 17 (3): 201–4.  
  9. ^ "Trauma"., LLC. 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-31. 
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