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Jean-Baptiste de Belloy

Cardinal de Belloy
Archbishop de Belloy at a younger age

Jean-Baptiste de Belloy (9 October 1709, Morangles, Diocese of Beauvais – Paris, 10 June 1808) was an Archbishop of Paris and cardinal of the Catholic Church.

Coat of arms of Cardinal de Belloy


Although of an ancient family of military fame, young Belloy preferred an ecclesiastical career, made his classical and theological studies at Paris, where he was ordained a priest and received the degree of Doctor of Theology in 1737. In the ministry he shone more by his virtue than by his learning.

The Bishop of Bourges, Cardinal Léon Potier de Gesvres, appointed him Vicar General of the diocese and archdeacon of his cathedral. In 1751 he was appointed as the Bishop of Glandeves. At the famous Assembly of the French Clergy of 1755, he took sides with the moderate party and contributed to the restoration of tranquility in the Church of France. Dissensions occasioned by the papal bull Unigenitus had become so great in the Diocese of Marseilles that, upon the death of its bishop, Henri François Xavier de Belsunce de Castelmoron, there was imminent danger of schism. Belloy was transferred to that see; he gained the confidence of both parties and restored peace.

In July 1790, the National Assembly decreed the suppression of the Diocese of Marseilles. Belloy withdrew, but sent to the assembly a letter of protest against the suppression of one of the oldest episcopal sees of France. He retired to Chambly, a little town near his native place, where he remained during the most critical period of the Revolution. When Pope Pius VII decided that the French bishops should tender their resignation in order to facilitate the conclusion of the Concordat of 1801, he was the first to comply, setting the example which exercised great influence over the other bishops.

Crown of Thorns (10 August 1806) to its place of honour in

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