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John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

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Title: John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Wilhelmine Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Maximilian, Hereditary Prince of Saxony, Anthony of Saxony, Frederick Augustus I of Saxony, George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
John Frederick, c. 1675, by Johann Hulsman
Spouse(s) Benedicta Henrietta of the Palatinate
Noble family House of Hanover
Father George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Mother Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt
Born (1625-04-25)25 April 1625
Herzberg am Harz
Died 18 December 1679(1679-12-18) (aged 54)
Funeral thaler for John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1679)
Funeral thaler for John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1679)

John Frederick (German: Johann Friedrich; 25 April 1625, Herzberg am Harz – 18 December 1679, Augsburg) was duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and ruled over the Principality of Calenberg, a subdivision of the duchy, from 1665 until his death.

The third son of Principality of Lüneburg. In 1666, he had a palace built in Herrenhausen near Hanover that was inspired by the Palace of Versailles and is famous for its gardens, the Herrenhausen Gardens.

In 1676, John Frederick employed Leibniz as Privy Councillor and librarian of the important ducal library. Thus began Leibniz's 40-year association with the House of Hanover, which resulted in three generations of Hanovers being patrons to one of the most eminent philosophers and mathematicians of Europe.

He employed the Venetian architect Girolamo Sartorio as his master builder in 1667, who designed many buildings in the town including the Neustädter Kirche and was instrumental in the expansion of the Herrenhausen Gardens.


His middle daughter, Charlotte Felicitas
John Frederick, ca. 1670, after Jean Michelin

John Frederick married Benedicta Henrietta of the Palatinate

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