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Leavenworth County, Kansas

 

Leavenworth County, Kansas

Leavenworth County, Kansas
Leavenworth County Courthouse in Leavenworth
Map of Kansas highlighting Leavenworth County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded August 25, 1855
Named for Henry Leavenworth
Seat Leavenworth
Largest city Leavenworth
Area
 • Total 469 sq mi (1,215 km2)
 • Land 463 sq mi (1,199 km2)
 • Water 6.1 sq mi (16 km2), 1.3%
Population
 • (2010) 76,227
 • Density 165/sq mi (64/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .orgleavenworthcounty

Leavenworth County (county code LV) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 76,227.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Leavenworth.[2]

The county is a part of the Kansas City, MO-KS Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Law and government 2
  • Geography 3
    • Adjacent counties 3.1
  • Demographics 4
  • Education 5
    • Unified school districts 5.1
    • Colleges and universities 5.2
  • Communities 6
    • Cities 6.1
    • Unincorporated communities 6.2
    • Townships 6.3
  • Notable people 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • Further reading 10
  • External links 11

History

Leavenworth County was formed on August 30, 1866 from free territory and is among the first 33 counties, which were formed by the first territorial government. It was named, as was its county seat, after Henry Leavenworth, an officer in the War of 1812.[3] Leavenworth County had the first Kansas State University extension agent in the State.

Law and government

Leavenworth County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 469 square miles (1,210 km2), of which 463 square miles (1,200 km2) is land and 6.1 square miles (16 km2) (1.3%) is water.[5] It is the fifth-smallest county in Kansas by total area.

This county's watershed connects with both the Kansas River basin on the south via Stranger Creek and has a Missouri River port city to the east.[6][7]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[13] there were 68,691 people, 23,071 households, and 17,210 families residing in the county. The population density was 148 people per square mile (57/km²). There were 24,401 housing units at an average density of 53 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.2% White, 10.4% Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.8% of the population.

There were 23,071 households out of which 38.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.4% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.4% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 33.0% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 113.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $48,114, and the median income for a family was $55,805. Males had a median income of $40,047 versus $26,029 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,292. About 4.8% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Unified school districts

  • Fort Leavenworth USD 207 (Web site)
  • Easton USD 449 (Web site)
  • Leavenworth USD 453 (Web site)
  • Basehor-Linwood USD 458 (Web site)
  • Tonganoxie USD 464 (Web site)
  • Lansing USD 469 (Web site)

Colleges and universities

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Leavenworth County is divided into ten townships. The cities of Lansing and Leavenworth are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Alexandria 01100 859 7 (18) 123 (48) 1 (0) 0.62%
Delaware 17450 1,361 22 (57) 62 (24) 3 (1) 4.19%
Easton 19625 1,245 11 (30) 109 (42) 0 (0) 0.11%
Fairmount 22325 Basehor 6,266 61 (159) 102 (39) 0 (0) 0.39%
High Prairie 32125 1,768 14 (37) 124 (48) 0 (0) 0.27%
Kickapoo 36700 1,760 15 (40) 114 (44) 3 (1) 2.39%
Reno 58950 1,143 10 (27) 111 (43) 2 (1) 1.56%
Sherman 65000 2,367 22 (57) 108 (42) 3 (1) 2.44%
Stranger 68500 2,451 19 (50) 127 (49) 0 (0) 0.17%
Tonganoxie 70825 Tonganoxie (part) 4,852 35 (91) 137 (53) 1 (0) 0.66%
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 183. 
  4. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  6. ^ Big Stranger Creek Rogers, H.D., and Johnson, A. Keith. Kansas and Indian territory in The Atlas of the U.S. of North America, Canada, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, Mexico, Central America, Cuba and Jamaica . London: E. Stanford, 1857 (no scale). A historical reference showing the Kansas Territory including parts of Colorado. Shows the westward trails.
  7. ^ Lower Kansas (Surf Your Watershed)
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder".  

Further reading

County
  • History of Leavenworth County Kansas; Jesse Hall and LeRoy Hand; Historical Publishing; 684 pages; 1921. (27MB PDF)
Kansas
  • History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
  • Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook),(Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)

External links

Official sites
  • Leavenworth County
  • Leavenworth County Development Corporation
  • Frontier Military Historic Byway
Additional information
  • Blue Skyways
  • Kansas Statistical Abstract
Maps
  • Leavenworth County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society
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