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List of United States Senators from Georgia

 

List of United States Senators from Georgia

This is a chronological listing of the United States Senators from Georgia.

Georgia has had Senators since the 1st Congress. Its Senate seats were declared vacant in March 1861 owing to its secession from the Union. They were again filled from February 1871.

United States Senators are popularly elected, for a six-year term, beginning January 3. Elections are held the first Tuesday after November 1. Before 1914, they were chosen by the Georgia General Assembly, and before 1935, their terms began March 4.

Class 2

Class 2 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for the first two U.S. Congresses in the first election of 1788 and whose seats in recent years are contested in 1996, 2002, 2008, and 2014.

# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history
1 William Few Anti-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1793
1 1 Elected in 1789

Lost re-election
2
2 James Jackson Anti-
Administration
March 4, 1793 –
November 16, 1795
3 2 Elected in 1793

Resigned to run for the Georgia legislature
4
3 George Walton Federalist November 16, 1795 –
February 20, 1796
Appointed to continue Jackson's term

Retired when successor elected
4 Josiah Tattnall Democratic-
Republican
February 20, 1796 –
March 3, 1799
4
(Continued)
Elected to finish Jackson's term
5
5 Abraham Baldwin Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1799 –
March 4, 1807
6 3 Elected in 1799
7
8
9 4 Re-elected in 1805

Died
Vacant March 4, 1807 –
August 27, 1807
10
6 George Jones Democratic-
Republican
August 27, 1807 –
November 7, 1807
Appointed to continue Baldwin's term

Retired when successor elected
7 William H. Crawford Democratic-
Republican
November 7, 1807 –
March 23, 1813
10
(Continued)
Elected to finish Baldwin's term
11
12 5 Re-elected in 1811

Resigned to become U.S. Minister to France
13
Vacant March 23, 1813 –
April 8, 1813
8 William Bellinger Bulloch Democratic-
Republican
April 8, 1813 –
November 6, 1813
Appointed to continue Crawford's term

Retired when successor elected
9 William Wyatt Bibb Democratic-
Republican
November 6, 1813 –
November 9, 1816
13
(Continued)
Elected to finish Crawford's term
14
Vacant November 9, 1816 –
November 13, 1816
10 George M. Troup Democratic-
Republican
November 13, 1816 –
September 23, 1818
14 Elected to finish Bibb's term having been elected to the next term
15 6 Elected to full term in 1816

Resigned
11 John Forsyth Democratic-
Republican
September 23, 1818 –
February 17, 1819
Elected to finish Troup's term

Resigned to become U.S. Minister to Spain
Vacant February 17, 1819 –
November 6, 1819
15
(Continued)
16
12 Freeman Walker Democratic-
Republican
November 6, 1819 –
August 6, 1821
16
(Continued)
Elected to finish Forsyth's term

Resigned
17
Vacant August 6, 1821 –
November 10, 1821
13 Nicholas Ware Democratic-
Republican
November 10, 1821 –
September 7, 1824
Elected to finish Walker's term
Crawford
Democratic-
Republican
18 7 Re-elected in 1823

Died
Vacant September 7, 1824 –
December 6, 1824
14 Thomas W. Cobb Jacksonian
Democratic-
Republican
December 6, 1824 –
November 7, 1828
18
(Continued)
19
20
15 Oliver H. Prince Jacksonian November 7, 1828 –
March 3, 1829
20
(Continued)
Elected to finish Cobb's term
16 George Troup Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
November 8, 1833
21 8 Elected in 1828

Resigned
22
23
Vacant November 8, 1833 –
November 21, 1833
17 John Pendleton King Jacksonian November 21, 1833 –
November 1, 1837
23
(Continued)
Elected to finish Troup's term
24 9 Re-elected in 1834

Resigned
25
Vacant November 1, 1837 –
November 22, 1837
18 Wilson Lumpkin Democratic November 22, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
25
(Continued)
Elected to finish King's term
26
19 John Macpherson Berrien Whig March 4, 1841 –
May 1845
27 10
28
Vacant May 1845 –
November 13, 1845
29
John Macpherson Berrien November 13, 1845 –
May 28, 1852
Elected to finish his term
30 11 Re-elected in 1846

Resigned
31
32
Vacant May 28, 1852 –
May 31, 1852
20 Robert M. Charlton Democratic May 31, 1852 –
March 3, 1853
32
(Continued)
Appointed to finish Berrien's term
21 Robert Toombs Democratic March 4, 1853 –
February 4, 1861
33 12 Elected in 1852
34
35
36 13 Re-elected in 1858

Withdrew
Vacant February 4, 1861 –
February 24, 1871
Civil War and Reconstruction
37
38
39 14
40
41
22 Homer V.M. Miller Democratic February 24, 1871 –
March 3, 1871
Elected to finish term
Vacant March 4, 1871 –
November 14, 1871
42 15 Foster Blodgett presented credentials as Senator-elect,
but the Senate declared him not elected
23 Thomas M. Norwood Democratic November 14, 1871 –
March 3, 1877
42
(Continued)
Elected after Blodgett's credentials were rejected
43
44
24 Benjamin Harvey Hill Democratic March 4, 1877 –
August 16, 1882
45 16 Elected in 1877

Died
46
47
Vacant August 16, 1882 –
November 15, 1882
25 Middleton P. Barrow Democratic November 15, 1882 –
March 3, 1883
47
(Continued)
Elected to finish Hill's term

Retired
26 Alfred H. Colquitt Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 26, 1894
48 17 Elected in 1883
49
50
51 18 Re-elected in 1889

Died
52
53
Vacant March 26, 1894 –
April 2, 1894
27 Patrick Walsh Democratic April 2, 1894 –
March 3, 1895
53
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Colquitt's term

Elected to finish Colquitt's term

Lost renomination
28 Augustus Octavius Bacon Democratic March 4, 1895 –
February 14, 1914
54 19 Elected in 1894
55
56
57 20 Re-elected in 1900
58
59
60 21 Re-elected in 1906
61
62
63 22 Re-elected in 1912

Died
Vacant February 14, 1914 –
March 2, 1914
29 William S. West Democratic March 2, 1914 –
November 3, 1914
Appointed to continue Bacon's seat

Successor elected
30 Thomas W. Hardwick Democratic November 4, 1914 –
March 3, 1919
63
(Continued)
Elected to finish Bacon's term

Lost renomoination
64
65
31 William J. Harris Democratic March 4, 1919 –
April 18, 1932
66 23 Elected in 1918
67
68
69 24 Re-elected in 1924
70
71
72 25 Re-elected in 1930

Died
Vacant April 18, 1932 –
April 25, 1932
32 John S. Cohen Democratic April 25, 1932 –
January 11, 1933
Appointed to continue Harris's term

Successor elected
33 Richard Russell, Jr. Democratic January 12, 1933 –
January 21, 1971
72
(Continued)
Elected to finish Harris's term
73
74
75 26 Re-elected in 1936
76
77
78 27 Re-elected in 1942
79
80
81 28 Re-elected in 1948
82
83
84 29 Re-elected in 1954
85
86
87 30 Re-elected in 1960
88
89
90 31 Re-elected in 1966

Died
91
92
Vacant January 21, 1971 –
February 1, 1971
34 David H. Gambrell Democratic February 1, 1971 –
November 7, 1972
Appointed to continue Russell's term
35 Sam Nunn Democratic November 8, 1972 –
January 3, 1997
92
(Continued)
Elected to finish Russell's term
93 32 Re-elected in 1972
94
95
96 33 Re-elected in 1978
97
98
99 34 Re-elected in 1984
100
101
102 35 Re-elected in 1990

Retired
103
104
36 Max Cleland Democratic January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2003
105 36 Elected in 1996

Lost re-election
106
107
37 Saxby Chambliss Republican January 3, 2003 –
Present
108 37 Elected in 2002
109
110
111 38 Re-elected in 2008
112
113
114 39 Re-elected in 2014
# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history

Class 3

Class 3 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for the first three U.S. Congresses in the first election of 1788 and whose seats in recent years are contested in 1998, 2004, 2010, and 2016.

# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history
1 James Gunn Anti-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1801
1 1 Elected in 1789
2
3
Federalist 4 2 Re-elected in 1795
5
6
2 James Jackson Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1801 –
March 19, 1806
7 3 Elected in 1801

Died
8
9
Vacant March 19, 1806 –
June 19, 1806
3 John Milledge Democratic-
Republican
June 19, 1806 –
November 14, 1809
9
(Continued)
Elected to finish Jackson's term
10 4 Re-elected in 1807

Resigned
11
Vacant November 14, 1809 –
November 27, 1809
4 Charles Tait Democratic-
Republican
November 27, 1809 –
March 3, 1819
11
(Continued)
Elected to finish Milledge's term
12
13 5 Re-elected in 1813
14
15
5 John Elliott Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1825
16 6 Elected in 1819
17
Crawford
Democratic-
Republican
18
6 John M. Berrien Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 9, 1829
19 7 Elected in 1825

Resigned to become U.S. Attorney General
20
21
Vacant March 9, 1829 –
November 9, 1829
7 John Forsyth Jacksonian November 9, 1829 –
June 27, 1834
21
(Continued)
Elected to finish Berrien's term
22 8 Re-elected in 1831

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of State
23
Vacant June 27, 1834 –
January 12, 1835
8 Alfred Cuthbert Democratic January 12, 1835 –
March 3, 1843
23
(Continued)
Elected to finish Forsyth's term
24
25 9 Re-elected in 1837

Retired
26
27
9 Walter T. Colquitt Democratic March 4, 1843 –
February 4, 1848
28 10 Elected in 1843

Resigned
29
30
10 Herschel Vespasian Johnson Democratic February 4, 1848 –
March 3, 1849
Appointed to finish Colquitt's term

Retired
11 William Crosby Dawson Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1855
31 11 Elected in 1849
32
33
12 Alfred Iverson, Sr. Democratic March 4, 1855 –
January 28, 1861
34 12 Elected in 1855

Withdrew
35
36
Vacant January 28, 1861 –
February 1, 1871
Civil War and Reconstruction
37 13
38
39
40 14
41
13 Joshua Hill Republican February 1, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
41
(Continued)
Elected in 1867 to finish the term, but not seated until Georgia's readmission

Retired
42
14 John Brown Gordon Democratic March 4, 1873 –
May 26, 1880
43 15 Elected in 1873
44
45
46 16 Re-elected in 1879

Resigned to promote a venture for the Georgia-Pacific Railroad
15 Joseph E. Brown Democratic May 26, 1880 –
March 3, 1891
Elected to finish Gordon's term
47
48
49 17 Re-elected in 1885

Retired due to illness
50
51
16 John Brown Gordon Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1897
52 18 Elected in 1891

Retired
53
54
17 Alexander S. Clay Democratic March 4, 1897 –
November 13, 1910
55 19 Elected in 1896
56
57
58 20 Re-elected in 1902
59
60
61 21 Re-elected in 1908

Died
Vacant November 13, 1910 –
November 17, 1910
18 Joseph M. Terrell Democratic November 17, 1910 –
July 14, 1911
61
(Continued)
Appointed to finish Clay's term

Resigned due to illness
62
Vacant July 14, 1911 –
November 16, 1911
19 M. Hoke Smith Democratic November 16, 1911 –
March 3, 1921
62
(Continued)
Elected to finish Terrell's term
63
64 22 Re-elected in 1914

Lost renomination
65
66
20 Thomas E. Watson Democratic March 4, 1921 –
September 26, 1922
67 23 Elected in 1920

Died
Vacant September 26, 1922 –
November 21, 1922
21 Rebecca Latimer Felton Democratic November 21, 1922 –
November 22, 1922
Appointed to continue Watson's term

Retired
22 Walter F. George Democratic November 22, 1922 –
January 2, 1957
67
(Continued)
Elected to finish Watson's term
68
69
70 24 Re-elected in 1926
71
72
73 25 Re-elected in 1932
74
75
76 26 Re-elected in 1938
77
78
79 27 Re-elected in 1944
80
81
82 28 Re-elected in 1950

Retired
83
84
23 Herman E. Talmadge Democratic January 3, 1957 –
January 3, 1981
85 29 Elected in 1956
86
87
88 30 Re-elected in 1962
89
90
91 31 Re-elected in 1968
92
93
94 32 Re-elected in 1974

Lost re-election
95
96
24 Mack Mattingly Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1987
97 33 Elected in 1980

Lost re-election
98
99
25 Wyche Fowler Democratic January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1993
100 34 Elected in 1986

Lost re-election
101
102
26 Paul Coverdell Republican January 3, 1993 –
July 18, 2000
103 35 Elected in 1992
104
105
106 36 Re-elected in 1998

Died
Vacant July 18, 2000 –
July 27, 2000
27 Zell Miller Democratic July 27, 2000 –
January 3, 2005
106
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Coverdell's term

Elected to finish Coverdell's term

Retired
107
108
28 Johnny Isakson Republican January 3, 2005 –
Present
109 37 Elected in 2004
110
111
112 38 Re-elected in 2010
113
114
# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history

See also

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