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List of natural Orchidaceae genera

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Title: List of natural Orchidaceae genera  
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Subject: MacodesLowii.web.jpg, Platanthera-hyperborea1web.jpg, Italian Group for Research on Hardy Orchid, Orchis patens, Dickasonia
Collection: Lists of Orchids, Lists of Plant Genera (Alphabetic), Orchid Genera
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List of natural Orchidaceae genera

This is a list of genera in the Orchid family (Orchidaceae), originally according to The Families of Flowering Plants - L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz. This list is adapted on a regular basis with the changes published in the Orchid Research Newsletter which is published twice a year by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. The most up to date list of accepted; genera, natural nothogenera, species and natural nothospecies with their synonyms can be found on the World Checklist of Selected Plants Families Search Page published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. This list is reflected on Wikispecies Orchidaceae and the new eMonocot website Orchidaceae Juss.

This taxonomy undergoes constant change, mainly through evidence from DNA study. Orchids were traditionally defined by morphological similarity (structure of their flowers and other parts). However, recent changes to nomenclature have been driven primarily by DNA studies and also by re-examination of herbarium specimens. This has led to a reduction of genera and species as well as re-circumscription of sub-families, tribes and sub-tribes. Orchid taxonomy is still being revised and each year about another 150 new species are being discovered. The list of genera alone currently stands just short of 1000 entries.

From a cladistic point of view, the orchid family is considered to be monophyletic, i.e. the group incorporates all the taxa derived from an ancestral group.

The taxonomy of the orchids is explained on the page Taxonomy of the Orchid family.

Ansellia africana


There are five recognized subfamilies:



Ascocentrum miniatum


Barkeria spectabilis
Barkeria shoemakeri
Brassia girouldiana
Brassia maculata


Calanthe triplicata
Chysis bractescens
Chloraea crispa
Cochleanthes amazonica
Cochlioda noezliana
Coelogyne cristata
Coelogyne tomentosa
Coelogyne speciosa
Comparettia macroplectrum
Comparettia speciosa
Cycnoches peruviana
Cymbidiella pardalina
Cypripedium acaule



Encyclia alata
Encyclia cordigera
Epidendrum ciliare
Epidendrum radicans
Eria stricta



Gastrochilus japonicus
Gomesa crispa
Gomesa recurva


Haraella retrocalla





Leptotes bicolor
Ludisia discolor
Lycaste Cassiopeia (a cultivar)


Macodes lowii
Macodes petola
Maxillaria cucullata
Maxillaria picta
Mexicoa ghiesbrechtiana
Oncidium schroederianum



Oerstedella centropetalla
Ornithophora radicans


Phaius tankervilleae
Northern Green Orchid (Platanthera hyperborea)
Western Prairie Fringed Orchid (Platanthera praeclara)
Polystachya pubescens
Prosthechea cochleata
Prosthechea garciana
Prosthechea radiata



Rhyncholaelia glauca
Rhynchostele bictoniensis
Rhynchostele cordatum
Rossioglossum ampliatum


Spiranthes romanzoffiana








See also


  • The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (ICBN) (2000).
  • Dressler, R.L. (1993). Phylogeny and Classification of the Orchid Family. Cambridge Univ. Press
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. eds. (1999). Genera Orchidacearum 1. Oxford Univ. Press.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. eds. (2001). Genera Orchidacearum 2. Oxford Univ. Press.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. eds. (2003). Genera Orchidacearum 3. Oxford Univ. Press.
  • Berg Pana, H. 2005. Handbuch der Orchideen-Namen. Dictionary of Orchid Names. Dizionario dei nomi delle orchidee. Ulmer, Stuttgart
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. eds. (2006). Genera Orchidacearum 4. Oxford Univ. Press.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. eds. (2009). Genera Orchidacearum 5. Oxford Univ. Press

External links

  • All recognized monocotiledons species (including Orchid family) - World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Kew Botanic Garden - UK
  • Intergeneric orchid genus names (updated 11 Jan 2005)
  • List of orchid genera (updated 14 Jul 2004)
  • List of common names or [4]
  • List of orchid hybrids - Royal Horticultural Society - UK
  • Orchid main page - eMonocot website
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