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Matthew Clay

Matthew Clay
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 15th district
In office
March 4, 1815 – May 27, 1815
Preceded by John Kerr
Succeeded by John Kerr
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 14th district
In office
March 4, 1803 – March 3, 1813
Preceded by Samuel Jordan Cabell
Succeeded by William A. Burwell
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 6th district
In office
March 4, 1797 – March 3, 1803
Preceded by Isaac Coles
Succeeded by Abram Trigg
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates from Pittsylvania County
In office
Alongside Benjamin Lankford, Thomas Tunstall and Stephan Coleman
Personal details
Born (1754-03-25)March 25, 1754
Halifax County, Virginia
Died May 27, 1815(1815-05-27) (aged 61)
Halifax Court House, Virginia
Resting place Pittsylvania County, Virginia
Political party Democratic-Republican
Military service
Service/branch Continental Army
Years of service 1776–1783
Rank quartermaster
Unit Ninth, First and Fifth Virginia Regiments
Battles/wars American Revolutionary War

Matthew Clay (March 25, 1754 – May 27, 1815) was a United States Representative from Virginia.


Born in Halifax County (near Danville), during the American Revolutionary War he entered the Ninth Virginia Regiment on October 1, 1776. He transferred to the First Virginia Regiment in 1778 and to the Fifth Virginia Regiment in 1781, being successively promoted to first lieutenant, captain, and quartermaster. He was mustered out 1783.

Clay was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1790 to 1794, and was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the Fifth and to the seven succeeding Congresses, serving from March 4, 1797 to March 3, 1813. While in the House he was chairman of the Committee on Militia (Tenth Congress). He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1813 to the Thirteenth Congress but was elected to the Fourteenth Congress and served from March 4, 1815 until his death at Halifax Court House in 1815. Interment was in the old family burying ground in Pittsylvania County.


  • 1797; Clay was elected to
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