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Montgomery County, Kansas

Montgomery County, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Montgomery County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1867
Named for Richard Montgomery
Seat Independence
Largest city Coffeyville
Area
 • Total 651 sq mi (1,686 km2)
 • Land 644 sq mi (1,668 km2)
 • Water 8.0 sq mi (21 km2), 1.2%
Population
 • (2010) 35,471
 • Density 55/sq mi (21/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .org.mgcountykswww

Montgomery County (county code MG) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 35,471.[1] Its county seat is Independence,[2] and its most populous city is Coffeyville.

The Coffeyville, KS Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Montgomery County.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Law and government 2
  • Geography 3
    • Bodies of water 3.1
    • State parks 3.2
    • Adjacent counties 3.3
  • Transportation 4
    • Major highways 4.1
    • Airports 4.2
  • Demographics 5
  • Education 6
    • Unified school districts 6.1
    • Colleges and universities 6.2
  • Communities 7
    • Cities 7.1
    • Unincorporated communities 7.2
    • Townships 7.3
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • Further reading 10
  • External links 11

History

Montgomery County was established February 26, 1867. It was named in honor of Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 while attempting to capture Quebec City, in Canada, after successfully capturing two forts and the city of Montreal.[3]

When Kansas was admitted to the Union as a state in 1861, the Osage Indian reservation occupied a large tract of land near the southern border. The reservation had been established in 1825. After the Civil War ended, the Osage lands were coveted as the largest and last reserve of good land in the eastern part of the state. As early as 1866, the Osages were forced to cede tracts at the eastern and northern edges of the reservation. This treaty conceded white settlement on land in the eastern part of what is now Montgomery County.

For a brief time, the Osages attempted to maintain a boundary at the Verdigris River. The Verdigris flows from north to south through the center of Montgomery County. From the west the Elk River joins the Verdigris at a confluence slightly northwest of the geographical center of the county. In 1867 Frank and Fred Bunker established a primitive cattle camp on the west side of the Verdigris south of the confluence. Like the Osages, the Bunkers thought they were beyond the boundaries of civilization.

Early in 1869, however, settlers began to cross the Verdigris River, "at first under protest of the Indians, but the immense throng of settlers soon made all protests futile." Montgomery County was surveyed and organized in 1869; the governor appointed commissioners June 3.

Law and government

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 1998, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink without a food sales requirement.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 651 square miles (1,690 km2), of which 644 square miles (1,670 km2) is land and 8.0 square miles (21 km2) (1.2%) is water.[5] The lowest point in the state of Kansas is located on the Verdigris River in Cherokee Township in Montgomery County (just southeast of Coffeyville), where it flows out of Kansas and into Oklahoma.

Bodies of water

State parks

Adjacent counties

Transportation

Major highways

Airports

Demographics

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[10] there were 36,252 people, 14,903 households, and 9,955 families residing in the county. The population density was 56 people per square mile (22/km2). There were 17,207 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile (10/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 85.77% White, 6.07% Black or African American, 3.19% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.13% from other races, and 3.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.08% of the population.

There were 14,903 households out of which 29.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.20% were non-families. 29.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 24.70% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 18.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,997, and the median income for a family was $38,516. Males had a median income of $29,745 versus $20,179 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,421. About 9.20% of families and 12.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.80% of those under age 18 and 10.90% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Unified school districts

  • Caney Valley USD 436
  • Cherryvale USD 447
  • Coffeyville USD 445
  • Independence USD 446

Colleges and universities

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Montgomery County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated communities

  • Avian
  • Blake
  • Bolton
  • Corbin
  • Jefferson
  • Le Hunt
  • Sycamore
  • Videtta Spur
  • Wayside

Townships

Montgomery County is divided into twelve townships. The cities of Caney, Cherryvale, Coffeyville, and Independence are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Caney 10400 1,244 7 (18) 176 (68) 1 (0) 0.30%
Cherokee 12850 541 5 (14) 100 (39) 0 (0) 0%
Cherry 12875 517 5 (13) 103 (40) 0 (0) 0.10%
Drum Creek 18700 537 6 (15) 92 (35) 0 (0) 0.15%
Fawn Creek 23325 2,036 11 (30) 179 (69) 0 (0) 0.06%
Independence 33900 2,342 14 (37) 163 (63) 5 (2) 2.85%
Liberty 40275 473 4 (11) 113 (44) 0 (0) 0.19%
Louisburg 42900 629 3 (9) 185 (71) 1 (1) 0.75%
Parker 54525 1,212 18 (47) 66 (26) 0 (0) 0.37%
Rutland 61925 302 2 (4) 185 (71) 2 (1) 0.86%
Sycamore 69750 835 5 (13) 169 (65) 7 (3) 3.86%
West Cherry 76825 239 2 (6) 102 (39) 0 (0) 0.05%
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

See also

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Rydjord, John (1972). Kansas Place-Names. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma. p. 381.  
  4. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder".  

Further reading

  • History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
  • Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook),(Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)

External links

County
  • Montgomery County - Official Website
  • Montgomery County - Directory of Public Officials
  • Montgomery County - Information, Skyways
Maps
  • Montgomery County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society

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