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Narodna Odbrana

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Title: Narodna Odbrana  
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Subject: Miško Jovanović, Austro-Hungarian rule in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kingdom of Serbia, History of the Republic of Macedonia, Milan Pribićević
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Narodna Odbrana

Narodna Odbrana
Formation October 8, 1908
Type revolutionary organization
Purpose
  • Liberation of Austro-Hungarian South Slavs (Yugoslavism)
  • Unification of ethnic Serb territories (Pan-Serbism)
Location
Key people
Jovan Dučić and Branislav Nušić

Narodna Odbrana (paramilitary forces.[1]

Among the notable founders and members of the organization were Jovan Dučić and Branislav Nušić.

Contents

  • Ideology 1
  • Balkan Wars 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Sources 5
  • External links 6

Ideology

At the beginning of the 20th century, the Serbs throughout the Balkans sought unification under a single state. In addition to the Kingdom of Serbia and the Principality of Montenegro, two states with predominantly ethnic Serb populations that didn't yet share a common border, many more Serbs lived within the borders of neighbouring Austria-Hungary (specifically Bosnia-Herzegovina condominium, Croatia-Slavonia, and southern part of Hungary) as well as Ottoman Empire (Bosnia Vilayet, Kosovo Vilayet, Sanjak of Novi Pazar, and to a lesser extent in parts of Monastir Vilayet and Salonica Vilayet). With the Austria-Hungarian 1908 annexation of Bosnia (where there was a heavy concentration of Serbs) as well as the resulting Annexation Crisis, the Serbs expressed a need for cultural and territorial protection, which gave rise to the Narodna Odbrana.

A 1911 pamphlet named Narodna Odbrana Izdanje Stredisnog Odbora Narodne Odbrane (Народна одбрана издање стредисног одбора народне одбране) focused on six main points:[2]

  1. Raising, inspiring, and strengthening the sentiment of nationality.
  2. Registration and enlistment of volunteers.
  3. Formation of volunteer units and their preparation for armed action.
  4. Collection of voluntary contributions, including money and other things necessary for the realization of its task.
  5. Organization, equipment, and training of special revolutionary band (Komitee), destined for special and independent military action.
  6. Development of activity for the defense of the Serbian people in all other directions.

The pamphlet makes it clear that hatred of Austria-Hungary was not the aim of the group, but instead, it was a natural consequence of the desire for independence and unity within a single nation.

The Central Committee of the Narodna Odbrana was located at Belgrade.

Balkan Wars

Territorial expansion of Serbia after Balkan Wars.

Immediately after [6]

See also

References

  1. ^ Narodna Odbrana (WWI Document Archive)
  2. ^ Narodna Odbrana Izdanje Sredisnog Odbora Narodne OdbraneEnglish translation of
  3. ^ Dejan Djokić, Yugoslavism: histories of a failed idea, 1918-1992, p. 123
  4. ^ R. J. Crampton, Eastern Europe in the twentieth century - and after, p. 20
  5. ^ Report of the International Commission to Inquire into the Causes and Conduct of the Balkan Wars (p. 53)
  6. ^ a b Report of the International Commission to Inquire into the Causes and Conduct of the Balkan Wars (p. 169)

Sources

External links

  • Narodna Odbrana Izdanje Sredisnog Odbora Narodne OdbraneEnglish translation of
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