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National Alliance (Latvia)

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National Alliance (Latvia)

National Alliance
Co-chairmen Gaidis Bērziņš and
Raivis Dzintars
Founded 2010 (2010) (alliance)
23 July 2011 (2011-07-23) (party)
Merger of All For Latvia! and TB/LNNK
Headquarters Riga
Ideology National conservatism,[1]
Latvian nationalism,[1]
Economic liberalism[2]
Right-wing populism[3]
Political position Right-wing[4][5][6] to Radical right[3]
European affiliation Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists
European Parliament group European Conservatives and Reformists
Colours Maroon and gold
Saeima
17 / 100
European Parliament
1 / 8
Website
.lv.nacionalaapvienibawww
Politics of Latvia
Political parties
Elections

The National Alliance, officially the National Alliance "All For Latvia!" – "For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK" (Latvian: Nacionālā apvienība „Visu Latvijai!” – „Tēvzemei un Brīvībai/LNNK”), abbreviated to NA, is a right-wing political party in Latvia. With seventeen seats in the Saeima, the National Alliance is the fourth-largest party in the parliament. The party is a coalition of conservatives, Latvian ethnonationalists, and economic liberals.[2][7]

Formed as an electoral alliance for the 2010 election, the National Alliance brought together For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK and All for Latvia!. It won eight seats, placing it fourth amongst all parties. It formed into a formalised political party in July 2011 under the leadership of Gaidis Bērziņš and Raivis Dzintars. In the October 2014 election, it again increased its seats to seventeen, and entered a centre-right coalition, along with Unity and the Union of Greens and Farmers under Prime Minister Laimdota Straujuma.[8] The Party has participated in every government of Latvia since the 2011 parliamentary election.

It is a member of the Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists and its one MEP, Roberts Zīle, sits in the European Conservatives and Reformists group in the European Parliament.

History

It was founded as an electoral alliance in 2010 by national-conservative For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK and far right All For Latvia! after the two parties were refused entry into the Unity alliance.[9][10] The loose alliance was transformed into a unitary party on 23 July 2011.[11] In the 2010 election to the Saeima, the alliance won 8 seats.[4] As part of the outgoing government it was involved in negotiations after the election to renew the coalition, but was vetoed by the Society for Other Politics,[4] which had not been part of the government but had joined the Unity alliance.

In May 2011, the party supported the re-election of Valdis Zatlers as President of Latvia in the 2011 election.[12] The alliance became a single united party on 23 July 2011. At the 2011 parliamentary election, the National Alliance won fourteen seats – an increase of six on the previous year – making it the fourth-largest party. After extensive negotiations, it joined a centre-right government with Unity and Zatlers' Reform Party, with the party's Gaidis Bērziņš as Minister for Justice and Žaneta Jaunzeme-Grende as Minister for Culture.

On 23 August 2013, All for Latvia! wing of National Alliance signed the Declaration of Bauska together with Conservative People's Party of Estonia and Lithuanian Nationalist Union. The declaration calls for a new national awakening of the Baltic states and warns about threats posed by international globalism, multiculturalism and Russian imperial ambitions.[13][14]

The merging period of the two founding parties was ended on the National Alliance's third congress on 7 December 2013, finally creating one unitary party.[15][16][17]

Election Results

Parliament (Saeima)

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/–
2010 74,028 7.8
8 / 100
2011 127,208 13.9
14 / 100
Increase 6
2014 151,567 16.6
17 / 100
Increase 3

European Parliament

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/–
2014 63,229 14.3 (#2)
1 / 8
Steady

See also

Conservatism portal

Literature

  • Auers, Daunis; Kasekamp, Andres (2013). Comparing Radical-Right Populism in Estonia and Latvia. Right-Wing Populism in Europe: Politics and Discourse (London/New York: Bloomsbury). pp. 235–248.  

References

  1. ^ a b "Parties and Elections in Europe, "Latvia", The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck". Parties & Elections. 19 March 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b E. L. (18 September 2011). "Snap election falls flat".  
  3. ^ a b Auers; Kasekamp, Comparing Radical-Right Populism in Estonia and Latvia, p. 235–236 
  4. ^ a b c Bogushevitch, Tatyana; Dimitrovs, Aleksejs (November 2010). "Elections in Latvia: status quo for minorities remains". Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe 9 (1): 72–89. 
  5. ^ "Pro-Russia party wins most votes in Latvia election". BBC News. 18 September 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2011. 
  6. ^ "Pro-Russia party led by young mayor poised to win historic Latvian election".  
  7. ^ "Reboot in Riga".  
  8. ^ "Latvian Saeima approves of the new Straujuma government". The Baltic Course. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2014. 
  9. ^ http://balticreports.com/?p=18512
  10. ^ http://translate.google.com/translate?js=y&prev=_t&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&layout=1&eotf=1&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.apollo.lv%2Fportal%2Fnews%2Farticles%2F204733&sl=lv&tl=en
  11. ^ "Latvian political parties undergo major upheaval", Baltic Times, 12 July 2011, retrieved 18 July 2011 
  12. ^ "Supporters line up behind Zatlers".  
  13. ^ Nacionālā apvienība: Baltijas nacionālisti paraksta sadarbības līgumu, vēršoties pret globālajiem apdraudējumiem
  14. ^ Baltimaade konservatiivid: aeg on küps uueks rahvuslikuks ärkamiseks
  15. ^ http://www.focus.lv/latvija/politika/nacionala-apvieniba-apvienosies-viena-partija
  16. ^ http://www.puaro.lv/lv/puaro/nacionala-apvieniba-apvienosies-viena-partija
  17. ^ http://www.ir.lv/2013/12/8/nacionala-apvieniba-apvienosies-viena-partija

External links

  • (Latvian) National Alliance official website
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