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Reno County, Kansas

 

Reno County, Kansas

Reno County, Kansas
Reno County Courthouse in Hutchinson
Map of Kansas highlighting Reno County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1867
Named for Jesse Lee Reno
Seat Hutchinson
Largest city Hutchinson
Area
 • Total 1,272 sq mi (3,294 km2)
 • Land 1,255 sq mi (3,250 km2)
 • Water 17 sq mi (44 km2), 1.3%
Population
 • (2010) 64,511
 • Density 51/sq mi (20/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .org.renogovwww

Reno County (standard abbreviation: RN) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 64,511.[1] The largest city and county seat is Hutchinson.[2]

The Hutchinson, KS Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Reno County.

Contents

  • History 1
    • 19th century 1.1
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties 2.1
    • National protected area 2.2
  • Demographics 3
  • Government 4
  • Education 5
    • Unified school districts 5.1
  • Communities 6
    • Cities 6.1
    • Unincorporated communities 6.2
    • Townships 6.3
  • See also 7
  • Further reading 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

History

19th century

1915-1918 Railroad Map of Reno County

For millennia, the land now known as Kansas was inhabited by Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1867, Reno County was founded.

In 1887, the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway extended its main line from Herington to Pratt.[3] This main line connected Herington, Ramona, Tampa, Durham, Waldeck, Canton, Galva, McPherson, Groveland, Inman, Medora, Hutchinson, Whiteside, Partridge, Arlington, Langdon, Turon, Preston, Natrona, Pratt. In 1888, this main line was extended to Liberal. Later, this line was extended to Tucumcari, New Mexico and El Paso, Texas. This line is called the "Golden State Limited".

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,272 square miles (3,290 km2), of which 1,255 square miles (3,250 km2) is land and 17 square miles (44 km2) (1.3%) is water.[4] It is the third-largest county by area in Kansas.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Age pyramid

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 64,790 people, 25,498 households, and 17,313 families residing in the county. The population density was 52 people per square mile (20/km²). There were 27,625 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.56% White, 2.88% Black or African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.69% from other races, and 1.81% from two or more races. 5.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 25,498 households out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.90% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.10% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 100.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,510, and the median income for a family was $42,643. Males had a median income of $31,495 versus $21,329 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,520. About 8.10% of families and 10.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.90% of those under age 18 and 8.50% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Reno County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement. The food sales requirement was removed with voter approval in 2004.[11]

Education

Unified school districts

  • USD 308 Hutchinson
  • USD 309 Nickerson - South Hutchinson
  • USD 310 Fairfield
  • USD 311 Pretty Prairie
  • USD 312 Haven
  • USD 313 Buhler
  • USD 369 Burrton

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Reno County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated communities

  • Castleton
  • Darlow
  • Medora
  • Pleasantview
  • St. Joe (Ost)
  • Yoder

Townships

Reno County is divided into thirty-one townships. The cities of Hutchinson and Nickerson are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

See also

Further reading

Reno County
  • History of Reno County, Kansas : Its People, Industries, and Institutions; 2 Volumes; Sheridan Ploughe; Bowen and Company; 445 / 959 pages; 1917. (Volume1 - Download 19MB PDF eBook), (Volume2 - Download 32MB PDF eBook)
  • Standard Atlas of Reno County, Kansas; Geo. A. Ogle & Co; 110 pages; 1918.
  • Plat Book of Reno County, Kansas; Hutchinson Blue Print Co; 61 pages; 1912.
  • Plat Book of Reno County, Kansas; North West Publishing Co; 77 pages; 1902.
Kansas
  • History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
  • Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook), (Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Rock Island Rail History
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 28, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  11. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 

External links

Official websites
  • Reno County
General county information
  • Blue Skyways
  • Reno County Museum
Historical
  • Cutler's History of Reno County, Kansas
  • Reno County GenWeb
Maps
  • Reno County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society
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