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Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples

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Title: Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Aboriginal peoples in Canada, First Nations, The Canadian Crown and Aboriginal peoples, Aboriginal self-government in Canada, Indian Act
Collection: Aboriginal Peoples in Canada, Canadian Commissions and Inquiries
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples

The Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (RCAP) was a Canadian Royal Commission established in 1991 to address many issues of aboriginal status that had come to light with recent events such as the Oka Crisis and the Meech Lake Accord. The commission culminated in a final report of 4000 pages, published in 1996.[1] The original report "set out a 20-year agenda for implementing changes."[1]


  • Scope 1
  • Final report 2
  • Criticism 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


The Commission of Inquiry investigated the evolution of the relationship among aboriginal peoples (First Nations, Inuit and Métis), the Government of Canada, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada and part of the Culture of Canada as a whole. It proposed specific solutions, rooted in domestic and international experience, to the problems which have plagued those relationships and which confront aboriginal peoples today. The Commission examined many issues which it deems to be relevant to any or all of the Aboriginal peoples in Canada.[2] The study of the historical relations between the government and aboriginal people, in order to determine the possibility of Aboriginal self-government, and the legal status of previous agreements that included, the Royal Proclamation of 1763, the Indian Act, the Numbered treaties and Aboriginal case law.[1]

Final report

Members of the Commission traveled to numerous Aboriginal communities to interview Aboriginal peoples on their past and current condition. The commission consisted of several high-profile Aboriginal members and

  • Government brief on the Royal Commission's report on Aboriginal peoples
  • Highlights of the report
  • Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples – full text

External links

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Highlights from the Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples". Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  2. ^ a b "Summary of the Final Report of The Royal Commission on Aboriginal" (pdf). CTV Canada. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  3. ^ "Abandoning neutrality" (video). Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Broadcast Date: Oct. 30, 1992. Retrieved 2009-10-07. 


See also

In an uncharacteristic move, Erasmus denounced the historical role of the Roman Catholic Church in Canada for forced integration of Aboriginal Peoples. Referring to the abandonment of Aboriginal languages, cultures and traditions.[3]


  • Initiatives to address social, education, health (Indian Health Transfer Policy) and housing needs, including the training of 10,000 health professionals over a ten-year period, the establishment of an Aboriginal peoples’ university, and recognition of Aboriginal nations’ authority over child welfare.[1]
  • Recognition of Métis self-government, provision of a land base, and recognition of Métis rights to hunt and fish on Crown land.[1]
  • Expansion of the Aboriginal land and resource base.[1]
  • Creation of an Aboriginal parliament.[1]
  • Replacement of the federal Department of Indian Affairs with two departments, one to implement the new relationship with Aboriginal nations and one to provide services for non-self-governing communities.[1]
  • Recognition of an Aboriginal order of government, subject to the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, with authority over matters related to the good government and welfare of Aboriginal peoples and their territories.[1]
  • Legislation, including a new Royal Proclamation stating Canada’s commitment to a new relationship and companion legislation setting out a treaty process and recognition of Aboriginal nations and governments.[1]

[1] Some of the major recommendations included the following:[2]

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