World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Strong City, Kansas

Strong City, Kansas
City
Hardware Store and Grocery in Strong City (2009)
Hardware Store and Grocery in Strong City (2009)
Location within Chase County and Kansas
Location within Chase County and Kansas
KDOT map of Chase County (legend)
KDOT map of Chase County (legend)
Coordinates: [1]
Country United States
State Kansas
County Chase
Incorporated 1872
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Mayor Mike Cahoone[2][3]
 • City Clerk Shari DeWitt[2][3]
Area[4]
 • Total 0.55 sq mi (1.42 km2)
 • Land 0.55 sq mi (1.42 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[1] 1,194 ft (364 m)
Population (2010)[5]
 • Total 485
 • Estimate (2013)[6] 466
 • Density 880/sq mi (340/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 66869
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-68650 [1]
GNIS feature ID 0477264 [1]
Website City Website

Strong City is a city in Chase County, Kansas, United States.[1] Originally known as Cottonwood Station, in 1881 it was renamed Strong City after William Barstow Strong, then vice-president and general manager, and later president of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway.[7][8] [9] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 485,[10] down about 100 people since the previous census.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Early history 1.1
    • 19th century 1.2
    • 20th century 1.3
    • 21st century 1.4
    • Stone industry 1.5
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
  • Demographics 3
    • 2010 census 3.1
    • 2000 census 3.2
  • Events and attractions 4
  • Government 5
  • Education 6
    • Primary and secondary education 6.1
    • Library 6.2
  • Infrastructure 7
    • Transportation 7.1
    • Utilities 7.2
  • Notable people 8
  • See also 9
  • Further reading 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12

History

1893 Railroad Map.
Spring Hill Ranch House (NRHP) at Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve, 2 miles north of Strong City (2009)
Strong City ATSF depot (2015)

Early history

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles.

19th century

In 1803, most of the land for Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1859, Chase County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Strong City.[11]

In 1871, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway extended a main line from Emporia to Newton.[12] The city originated in March 1871 when the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway was completed to the point then known as Cottonwood Station. Strong City was originally called Cottonwood, and under the latter name laid out in 1872.[13]

In 1881, the name was changed to Strong, in honor of William Barstow Strong, General Superintendent of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, and afterward the president of the company.[7][14]

The original depot was a wooden building built in 1872 then burned in 1902 and was replaced in 1903 by another wooden building.[14] From 1887 to 1938, a six stall engine roundhouse employed many workers.[7]

In 1887, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway built a branch line from Neva (3 miles west of Strong City) to Superior, Nebraska. This branch line connected Strong City, Neva, Rockland, Diamond Springs, Burdick, Lost Springs, Jacobs, Hope, Navarre, Enterprise, Abilene, Talmage, Manchester, Longford, Oak Hill, Miltonvale, Aurora, Huscher, Concordia, Kackley, Courtland, Webber, Superior. At some point, the line from Neva to Lost Springs was pulled but the right of way has not been abandoned. This branch line was originally called "Strong City and Superior line" but later the name was shortened to the "Strong City line".

20th century

U.S. Post Office in Strong City (2009)

In 1912, construction of a new depot was begun about 100 feet (30 m) west of the old one, and was finished in 1913.[14] The new brick depot was trimmed in native cut limestone was built for a cost of $20,000.[7] A brick platform some 800-feet long was built along the front of the building, and a 250-foot freight platform was built along the rear of the building. Passenger service was discontinued in the late 1940s.[14]

In 1945, the name was changed again, this time to Strong City.[7]

In 1996, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway merged with Burlington Northern Railroad and renamed to the current BNSF Railway.

21st century

In 2006 and 2015, the "Symphony in the Flint Hills" concert was held two miles north of Strong City with thousands in attendance.[15][16][17][18]

Stone industry

Local stonemasons and builders Barney Lantry & Son contracted with railroad companies for projects throughout the United States.[14] In the beginning it built stone-work for certain phases of railroad construction, but later they did build complete railroads, grading, laying the track, building bridges, stations, roundhouses, and other division buildings.[19]

The first stone-crushers Kansas ever saw were brought to the state by the Lantrys and were operated on a very large scale at Strong City. Most of the stone for masonry and road-ballast for their jobs all over the west, was taken from their quarries at Strong City. Big stones for the Kansas State Capitol came from Strong City, each stone weighing 13,000 pounds. Stone was also used for public and private buildings in Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Iowa and Colorado.[19]

When Barney Lantry died in 1895, officials of the Santa Fe Railroad from Los Angeles to Chicago attended his funeral services in Strong City.[14]

Geography

Strong City is located at (38.3972360, -96.5369507),[1] in the scenic Flint Hills of the Great Plains. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.55 square miles (1.42 km2), all of it land.[4] The Cottonwood River is approximately 0.5 miles west of the city, and an old channel of the river is next to the south-west corner of the city.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Strong City has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[20]

Demographics

The center of population of Kansas is located 4.5 miles (7.2 km) north of Strong City at .[22]

2010 census

As of the census[5] of 2010, there were 485 people, 212 households, and 123 families residing in the city. The population density was 881.8 inhabitants per square mile (340.5/km2). There were 256 housing units at an average density of 465.5 per square mile (179.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.5% White, 0.6% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.

There were 212 households of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.0% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 3.10.

The median age in the city was 44.1 years. 22.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.8% were from 25 to 44; 31% were from 45 to 64; and 16.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.3% male and 48.7% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 584 people, 247 households, and 163 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,084.3 people per square mile (417.6/km²). There were 287 housing units at an average density of 532.9 per square mile (205.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.77% White, 1.03% African American, 0.17% Asian, and 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.37% of the population.

There were 247 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 110.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.7 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $30,192, and the median income for a family was $35,833. Males had a median income of $23,523 versus $20,938 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,807. About 5.8% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.4% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.

Events and attractions

"Bing the King" playing organ at the Flint Hills Rodeo (1974)
  • Kansas Historical Markers:
    • Chase County And The Bluestem Pasture Region Of Kansas, approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) east on U.S. Route 50 highway.[24]
    • W.B. Strong Memorial Railroad Park.[7]

Government

The Strong City government consists of a mayor and five council members. The council meets the 2nd Tuesday of each month at 7PM.[2][3]

  • City Hall, 4th St and Chase St.
  • Chase County Sheriff Department, located in Cottonwood Falls.
  • Chase County Fire Department, located in Cottonwood Falls.
  • U.S. Post Office, 309 Cottonwood St.

Education

Primary and secondary education

Cottonwood Falls is part of Unified School District 284.[28][29] All students attend schools in Cottonwood Falls.

Library

Infrastructure

An Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway route map from 1891 issue of Grain Dealers and Shippers Gazetteer.

Transportation

U.S. Route 50 and the La Junta Subdivision of BNSF Railway pass east-west through the city. K-177 highway passes north-south through the city. The original U.S. Route 50 road still comes into the southwest side of the city parallel to the railroad tracks.

Strong City applied for an Amtrak station on Amtrak's proposed extension of the Heartland Flyer from Oklahoma City to Kansas City, Missouri. If the town's application were successful, that would make it one of the smallest towns in the Amtrak system to have a station.

Utilities

Notable people

See also

Further reading

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) details for Strong City, Kansas; United States Geological Survey (USGS); October 13, 1978.
  2. ^ a b c Strong City - Directory of Public Officials
  3. ^ a b c Strong City - Government
  4. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010".  
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  6. ^ "Population Estimates".  
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Kansas Historical Marker - W.B. Strong Memorial Railroad Park
  8. ^ The Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway and Auxiliary Companies - Annual Meetings, and Directors and Officers; January 1, 1902
  9. ^ William G. Cutler's History of the State of Kansas, Part 5, Chase County, 1883.
  10. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011. 
  11. ^ The History of Marion County and Courthouse
  12. ^ Santa Fe Rail History
  13. ^ Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 154. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g National Register of Historic Places - Strong City Atchison, Topeka, & Santa Fe Depot from kshs.org
  15. ^ Symphony in the Flint Hills concert returning to where it all began; The Wichita Eagle; June 10, 2015.
  16. ^ Symphony in the Flint Hills 2015 Weekend Guide.
  17. ^ Symphony in the Flint Hills official website.
  18. ^ Rain holds off for Symphony in Flint Hills concert; The Wichita Eagle; June 13, 2015.
  19. ^ a b Strong City History.
  20. ^ Climate Summary for Strong City, Kansas
  21. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  22. ^ http://www.census.gov/geo/www/cenpop/statecenters.txt
  23. ^ History of the Flint Hills Rodeo from its official website
  24. ^ Chase County And The Bluestem Pasture Region Of KansasKansas Historical Marker - from stoppingpoints.com
  25. ^ National Register of Historic Places - Fox Creek Stone Arch Bridge from kshs.org
  26. ^ National Register of Historic Places - Lower Fox Creek School from kshs.org
  27. ^ National Register of Historic Places - Strong City Opera House from kshs.org
  28. ^ USD 284
  29. ^ Kansas School District Boundary Map

External links

City
  • City of Strong City
  • Strong City - Directory of Public Officials
  • Chase County Chamber of Commerce
Schools
Historical
  • Historic Images of Strong City, Special Photo Collections at Wichita State University Library.
Maps
  • Strong City Map, KDOT
  • Topo Map of Strong City area, USGS
  • Chase County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.