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Tephrike

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Subject: Romanos I Lekapenos, Romanos IV Diogenes, Theme (Byzantine district), Paulicianism, Battle of Bathys Ryax, Battle of Lalakaon, Petronas (general), Codex Koridethi, Petrus Siculus, Athinganoi
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Tephrike

Divriği
Town

Divriği, portal of the Darüşşifa hospital adjoining the Great Mosque

Location of Divriği within Turkey.
Divriği
Divriği
Location of Divriği within Turkey.

Coordinates: 39°22′N 38°07′E / 39.367°N 38.117°E / 39.367; 38.117Coordinates: 39°22′N 38°07′E / 39.367°N 38.117°E / 39.367; 38.117

Country  Turkey
Region Central Anatolia
Province Sivas
Government
 • Mayor Hakan Gök (CHP)
Area
 • District  km2 (Formatting error: invalid input when rounding sq mi)
Population ()
 • Urban
 • District
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website www.divrigi.bel.tr

Divriği (Greek: Τεφρική; Tephrike) is a town and a district of Sivas Province of Turkey. The town lies on gentle slope on the south bank of the Çaltısuyu river, a tributary of the Karasu river.

History

During the Byzantine period the town, then called Tephrike, was an important stronghold for the dualist heretic Armenian Paulicians. Their leader, Karbeas, founded it ca. 850, and the Paulicians fortified it and used it as refuge and the capital of their state during the ninth century.[1] It was captured by the Byzantine Empire during the reign of Emperor Basil I and was temporarily named Leontokome (after Emperor Leo VI) and made into a thema.[1] In the early eleventh century, the town was part of the territory given to the Armenian king Senekerim-Hovhannes in exchange for his lands in Vaspurakan.[1] Around 1071, after the battle of Manzikert, the area was conquered by the Seljuk Bey Mengujek Gazi. A medieval castle, with remains mostly from the thirteenth century, exists on top of a steep hill overlooking the town.

In 1228-29, while Divriği was under the rule of the Mengujekids, Emir Ahmed Shah commissioned a mosque (Divriği Great Mosque - Divriği Ulu Camii in Turkish) which stands mostly intact. The mosque, along with the adjoining hospital (Darüşşifa), built at the same time as the mosque by Turan Melek Sultan, daughter of the Mengujek ruler of Erzincan, Fahreddin Behram Shah, are on UNESCO's World Heritage List by virtue of the exquisite carvings and architecture of both buildings. The complex is considered to be one of the most important works of architecture in Anatolia. The geometrical and floral patterned reliefs found on the main door in particular attract great interest.

See also

External links

  • Divriği Great Mosque And Hospital
  • Picture gallery from Turkey specialist

Notes

Sources

  • (Book cover)


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