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Virginia's 17th congressional district

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Title: Virginia's 17th congressional district  
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Virginia's 17th congressional district

"VA-17" redirects here. VA-17 may also refer to Virginia State Route 17.

Virginia Congressional District 17 is an obsolete congressional district. It was eliminated in 1843 after the 1840 U.S. Census. Its last Congressman was Alexander H. H. Stuart.


Virginia's 17th Congressional District was a congressional district in Virginia first formed in 1792. It consisted of what is today Arlington, Fairfax, Loudoun and Prince William Counties as well as the independent cities within the present boundaries of these counties. The district population was 42,897 in 1790. (Parson, p. 74)

The first member of the house from the 17th district was Richard Bland Lee.

In 1802 the district was redrawn to cover Brunswick, Lunenberg and Mecklenburg Counties in Virginia. To what extent modern Greensville County, Virginia was in the district is disputed between Martis and Parsons et al. To complicate the matter more Parsons et al. argue that Greensville County did not exist in 1803 while Thorndale and Dollarhide show it existing in that year. To confuse us even more Parsons et al. show on their map (p. 128) no Greensville County, while on p. 132 they list Greensville County with a population of over 6,000. The total population of the district was 43,898. (Parson, p. 132)

In 1812 the district was moved again this time to covering Chesterfield, Amelia, Powhatan and Goochland Counties. These included Colonial Heights and some of the southern and western portions of Richmond, Virginia. In the case of Richmond much of this was the area that was once in Manchester, Virginia. The 1810 census reported a population of 38,849 for this district, 61.1% of whom were African-Americans, primarily slaves. (Parsons, p. 206).

In the 1822 redistricting the 17th district was moved westward in Virginia. It now incorporated Rockbridge County, Virginia, Alleghany County, Virginia, Botetourt County, Virginia, Montgomery County, Virginia and Giles County, Virginia. Alleghany County was formed in 1822 as the district was being organized. Most of the modern county of Craig in Virginia was in the district, although parts of this county as well as Mongomery and Giles counties were in the county of Monroe which is now in West Virginia. All of modern Roanoke County, Virginia and Floyd County, Virginia as well as half of Pulaski County, Virginia were in the districts boundaries. This gave it souch modern independent cities as Clifton Forge, Salem, Roanoke and Buena Vista. The district also included portions of present Mercer County, West Virginia, Raleigh County, West Virginia, Wyoming County, West Virginia and Summers County, West Virginia and Fayette County, West Virginia. The district had a population of 38,788 of whom 18% were African-Americans. (Parsons, p. 284). Martis says the 17th district during this time consisted of Frederick County, Virginia and Shenandoah County, Virginia which Parsons et al. place in the 20th district. The two authors disagree on the placement of all the districts in Virginia numbered 15 and up during these years.

The 1842 redistricting was the first time that any area was retained in the 17th district during a redistricting. The new district was extended north to include Augusta County, Virginia but lost Giles County, Virginia in the south. Its population was now 63,464, 23.3% of whom were African-Americans. (Parsons, p. 372).

In the 1843 redistricting in Virginia the 17th district was eliminated.

List of representatives

Representative Lived Party Term Note
District created: March 4, 1793
Richard B. Lee (1761–1827) Pro-Administration March 4, 1793 - March 3, 1795 Defeated
Richard Brent (1757–1814) Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 - March 3, 1799 Defeated
Leven Powell (1737–1810) Federalist March 4, 1799 - March 3, 1801 Declined to run
Richard Brent (1757–1814) Democratic-Republican March 4, 1801 - March 3, 1803 Defeated
Thomas Claiborne (1749–1812) Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 - March 3, 1805 Declined to run
John Claiborne (1777–1808) Democratic-Republican March 4, 1805 - October 9, 1808 Died
Vacant October 10, 1808 - November 6, 1808
Thomas Gholson, Jr. (.......-1816) Democratic-Republican November 7, 1808 - March 3, 1813 Elected to VA-18
James Pleasants (1769–1836) Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 - December 14, 1819 Elected to U.S. Senate
Vacant December 14, 1819 - January 2, 1820 Special election
William S. Archer (1789–1855) Democratic-Republican January 3, 1820 - March 3, 1823 Elected to VA-3
Jared Williams (1766–1831) Crawford D-R March 4, 1823 - March 3, 1825 Declined to run
Alfred H. Powell (1781–1831) Adams March 4, 1825 - March 3, 1827 Defeated
Robert Allen (1794–1859) style="background:" | Jacksonian March 4, 1827 - March 3, 1833 Declined to run
Samuel M. Moore (1796–1875) Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1833 - March 3, 1835 Defeated
Robert Craig (1792–1852) style="background:" | Jacksonian March 4, 1835 - March 3, 1837
Democratic March 4, 1837 - March 3, 1841 Declined to run
Alexander H. H. Stuart (1807–1891) Whig March 4, 1841 - March 3, 1843 Defeated
District eliminated March 4, 1843


  • Parsons, Stanley B., William W. Beach and Dan Harmann. United States Congressional Districts, 1788-1841 (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1978)
  • Thorndale, William and Dollarhide, William. Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920. (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1987)
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

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