World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

William H. Webster

Article Id: WHEBN0000674848
Reproduction Date:

Title: William H. Webster  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: William J. Casey, Robert Gates, Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, John E. Otto, FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives, 1970s
Collection: 1924 Births, American Christian Scientists, Amherst College Alumni, Directors of the Central Intelligence Agency, Directors of the Fbi, Judges of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit, Judges of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, Living People, People from St. Louis, Missouri, People from Webster Groves, Missouri, Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients, Reagan Administration Cabinet Members, Recipients of the Distinguished Intelligence Medal, United States Court of Appeals Judges Appointed by Richard Nixon, United States Department of Homeland Security Officials, United States District Court Judges Appointed by Richard Nixon, United States Navy Officers, Washington University School of Law Alumni
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

William H. Webster

William Webster
Chairperson of the Homeland Security Advisory Council
Assumed office
March 19, 2002
President George W. Bush
Barack Obama
Deputy James Schlesinger
William Bratton
Preceded by Position established
14th Director of Central Intelligence
In office
May 26, 1987 – August 31, 1991
President Ronald Reagan
George H. W. Bush
Preceded by William Casey
Succeeded by Robert Gates
3rd Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
In office
February 23, 1978 – May 25, 1987
President Jimmy Carter
Ronald Reagan
Preceded by James Adams (Acting)
Succeeded by John Otto (Acting)
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit
In office
July 18, 1973 – February 22, 1978
Appointed by Richard Nixon
Preceded by Marion Matthes
Succeeded by Theodore McMillian
Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri
In office
December 21, 1970 – July 18, 1973
Appointed by Richard Nixon
Preceded by Seat established
Succeeded by John Nangle
Personal details
Born William Hedgcock Webster
(1924-03-06) March 6, 1924
St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Drusilla Lane Webster (1950–1984)
Lynda Clugston (1990–present)
Alma mater Amherst College
Washington University
Religion Christian Science

William Hedgcock Webster (born March 6, 1924) [1] is an American attorney, jurist, and current Chairman of the Homeland Security Advisory Council.[2]

He was a federal judge before becoming Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from 1978 to 1987, and then Director of Central Intelligence (CIA) from 1987 to 1991[3] - the only person to have held both these positions.

Contents

  • Early life and career 1
  • Director of the FBI and CIA 2
  • PCAOB 3
  • Honors and awards 4
  • Personal life 5
  • Quotes 6
  • Notes 7
  • External links 8

Early life and career

He was born in St. Louis and received his early education in Webster Groves;[4] he received his bachelor's degree from Amherst College, Amherst, Massachusetts where he was a member of the Psi Upsilon fraternity, in 1947 and his Juris Doctor degree from the Law School of Washington University in St. Louis in 1949.

After serving as a lieutenant in the United States Navy during World War II, he joined a St. Louis firm, but left private practice soon after to begin a long and illustrious career in public service. He was a United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Missouri from 1960 to 1961, then a member of the Missouri Board of Law Examiners from 1964 to 1969.

In 1970, Webster was appointed a judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri, and in 1973 he was elevated to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit.

Director of the FBI and CIA

Five years later, President Jimmy Carter appointed him as Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.[5] Then in 1987, President Ronald Reagan chose him to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. He led the CIA until his retirement from public office in 1991. Since then, Webster has practiced law at the Washington D.C. office of Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy where he specializes in arbitration, mediation and internal investigation.

PCAOB

In 2002 he was the first chairman of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB). However, his appointment was controversial, and another controversy erupted when newspapers reported that Webster had served on the board audit committee of U.S. Technologies, a high-tech company being investigated for accounting irregularities. Webster resigned less than three weeks after the PCAOB was set up.[6]

William Webster (right) with Dick Cheney (left) and Brent Scowcroft (center)

Honors and awards

Webster received numerous honors and awards for his service. Washington University granted him the Alumni Citation for contributions to the field of law in 1972 and in 1981 he received the William Greenleaf Eliot Award. In 1984, he received the U.S. Senator John Heinz Award for Greatest Public Service by an Elected or Appointed Official, an award given out annually by Jefferson Awards.[7] In 1999 the School of Law created the Webster Society, an outstanding scholars program. Furthermore, he received the Distinguished Alumnus Award from the university's law school in 1977. The St. Louis Globe-Democrat named him "Man of the Year."

He also received honorary degrees from several colleges and universities. In 1991, he was presented the Distinguished Intelligence Medal, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, and the National Security Medal. In June 2008 Webster received an honorary Doctor of Laws degree as well as honorary doctorates from The Institute of World Politics and National Intelligence University.[8] He received the William J. Donovan Award from The OSS Society in 2005 and serves as an honorary chairman of this organization.

He is a member of the American Bar Association, the Council of the American Law Institute, the Order of the Coif, the Missouri Bar Integrated the Bar Association of Metropolitan St. Louis and the Psi Upsilon Fraternity. Additionally, he served as chairman of the Corporation, Banking and Business Law Section of the American Bar Association. He is a fellow of the American Bar Foundation and an Honorary Fellow of the American College of Trial Lawyers. He served as Co-chairman of the Homeland Security Advisory Council. In 2009, he was named to head an independent investigation of the FBI's actions surrounding the Fort Hood shooting.[9]

Personal life

He was married for 34 years to Drusilla Lane Webster, and the couple had three children: Drusilla, William H. Webster, Jr. and Katherine. Following Mrs. Webster's death in 1984, he was remarried in 1990 to the former Lynda Clugston. They reside in Washington, DC.

Quotes

On March 3, 2002 the University of California, Santa Barbara, held a debate titled "National Security vs. Personal Liberty". The guest speakers were Mr. Webster and American Civil Liberties Union President Nadine Strossen. During the debate, Mr. Webster made the following statement, which has since gained some popularity: "Security is always seen as too much until the day it's not enough..." He also stated "Order protects liberty and liberty protects order."

Notes

  1. ^ Judge William H. Webster Biography at Washington University Law School
  2. ^ Chairman, Homeland Security Advisory
  3. ^ Directors of Central Intelligence as Leaders of the U.S. Intelligence Community
  4. ^ "Interview of Judge William H. Webster ", March 2006, Society of Former Special Agents of the FBI, Inc
  5. ^ "Interview with William H. Webster", 2005, The Miller Center
  6. ^ "Webster Ends His Brief Stint on S.E.C. Oversight Board", DAVID STOUT, November 12, 2002, NY Times
  7. ^ http://www.jeffersonawards.org/pastwinners/national
  8. ^ http://ni-u.edu/wp/iconic-leader-honored-2015-graduation/
  9. ^ "Former FBI chief picked to lead review". Cnn.com. 2009-12-08. Retrieved 2012-07-20. 

External links

  • Chairman, Homeland Security Advisory Council
  • 'Speakers Debate How to Mix Freedom, Safety', The Daily Nexus; UC, Santa Barbara; Published March 4, 2002
  • "Federal Bureau of Investigation: Directors, Then and Now". Retrieved 2010-04-26. 
  • Institute of World Politics
  • Appearances on C-SPAN
Legal offices
New seat Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri
1970–1973
Succeeded by
John Nangle
Preceded by
Marion Matthes
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit
1973–1978
Succeeded by
Theodore McMillian
Government offices
Preceded by
James Adams
Acting
Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
1978–1987
Succeeded by
John Otto
Acting
Preceded by
William Casey
Director of Central Intelligence
1987–1991
Succeeded by
Robert Gates
New office Chairperson of the Homeland Security Advisory Council
2002–present
Incumbent
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.