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Świętoszów

 

Świętoszów

Świętoszów
Village
Świętoszów is located in Poland
Świętoszów
Coordinates:
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Lower Silesian
County Bolesławiec
Gmina Osiecznica
Population 1,556
Website [2]
Świętoszów (German: Neuhammer am Queis).Lithographic postcard sent June 22, 1918 from Glatz (Polish: Kłodsko). The postcard shows the military training ground(founded in 1898),a water tower from the early 20th century and patriotic image - Prussian soldier. Publisher: H.L.B.
Świętoszów

(German: Neuhammer am Queis) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Osiecznica, within Bolesławiec County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland.[1] Prior to 1945 it was in Germany.

It lies approximately 16 kilometres (10 mi) north of Osiecznica, 26 kilometres (16 mi) north-west of Bolesławiec, and 121 kilometres (75 mi) west of the regional capital Wrocław. The village has a population of 1,556.

In the late 19th century the German Army created a very large training ground here. In World War I it was the site of a large prisoner-of-war camp for Russian soldiers. In 1941 the Bergmann Battalion and Nachtigall Battalion trained in Neuhammer. In World War II another POW camp Stalag VIII-E was built here, to house Polish and French prisoners. In 1942 they were replaced with Soviet prisoners, and the camp was placed under the administration of Stalag VIII-C near Żagań. At least 50,000 Soviet prisoners died here from disease, starvation and inhumane treatment, the last 200 of them killed as traitors after the war by the NKVD. A Red Army base until 1992, today it is the site of a Polish Army base.

Following World War II the native German populace was expelled and replaced by Poles.

The railway station

See also

References

  1. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) – TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01. 


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