World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

.gb

Article Id: WHEBN0000646962
Reproduction Date:

Title: .gb  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: .uk, .rw, .vi, .ye, .no
Collection: 1985 Introductions, Country Code Top-Level Domains, Domain Names of the United Kingdom
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

.gb

.gb
Introduced 1985
TLD type Country code top-level domain
Status Unused
Registry JANET(UK)
Sponsor JANET(UK)
Intended use Entities connected with  United Kingdom
Actual use Fallen into disuse in favour of .uk
Registration restrictions No registrations presently being taken
Structure Government sites formerly found under hmg.gb
Dispute policies None
Website None

.gb is a reserved Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the United Kingdom.

The domain was introduced with RFC 920[1] in October 1984 that set out the creation of ccTLD generally using country codes derived from the corresponding two-letter code in the ISO 3166-1 list. However, the .uk domain had been created separately a few months before the compilation of this list.[2] Consequently, .gb was never widely used. It is no longer possible to register under this domain.

.gb was used for a number of years, mainly by British government organisations and commercial e-mail services using X.400-based e-mail infrastructure. This simplified translating between DNS domains and X.400 addresses, which used "GB" as a country code.[3]

With the demise of X.400 e-mail and IANA's general aim of one TLD per country, use of .gb declined; the domain remains in existence, but it is not open to new subdomain registrations.

References

  1. ^ J. Postel and J. Reynolds (October 1984), Request for Comments: 920, Network Working Group 
  2. ^ Milton Mueller (2002), Ruling the Root: Internet Governance and the Taming of Cyberspace, Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, p. 79,  
  3. ^ Crepin-Leblond, Olivier M. J. (2003). "International E-mail Accessibility". Archived from the original on 21 May 2008. Retrieved 23 June 2008. 

External links

  • IANA .gb whois information
  • JANET(UK) website
  • www.dra.hmg.gb Last accessible copy of www.dra.hmg.gb in the Internet Archive
  • Official country code for Britain = GB or UK? Email discussion on GB domain (2002) with historical zonefiles.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.