World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0001236288
Reproduction Date:

Title: .kz  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: .rw, .vi, .ye, .yt, .eu
Collection: Country Code Top-Level Domains, Internet in Kazakhstan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Introduced 1994
TLD type Country code top-level domain
Status Active
Registry KazNIC
Sponsor Association of IT Companies of Kazakhstan
Intended use Entities connected with  Kazakhstan
Actual use Popular in Kazakhstan
Registration restrictions None for second-level names; some restrictions for third-level names depending on which second-level name they are under
Structure Registrations are made directly at the second level, or at the third level beneath second-level categories
Documents Rules
Dispute policies Dispute resolution policy

.kz and .қаз are the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Kazakhstan.

Registrations can be made directly at the second level (with no requirement of Kazakhstan presence) or at the third level beneath categories which have specific restrictions, and are generally limited to Kazakhstan-related entities.


  • .kz 1
    • Second-level domains 1.1
    • Controversy 1.2
  • .қаз 2
  • See also 3
  • External links 4
  • Notes 5


Second-level domains

  • – Commercial organizations; registered trademark protection.
  • – Licensed educational organizations.
  • – Governmental organizations.
  • – Ministry of Defense.
  • – Licensed networks of data communications.
  • – Nonprofit organizations.


A minor incident was caused when the right to use the domain name, the website of Sacha Baron Cohen's Kazakh character, Borat, was suspended.[1] The domain-issuing body said that they took this action since false names were given for the site's administrators, and also because the site was hosted outside Kazakhstan. However, the underlying cause of the action was in order to censor the content of the site: "We've done this so he can't badmouth Kazakhstan under the .kz domain name," Nurlan Isin, President of the Association of Kazakh IT Companies, told Reuters. "He can go and do whatever he wants at other domains."

In June 2011, Google redirected[2] all traffic from to in response to a demand issued by the Kazakh Ministry of Communications and Information that requires all .kz domain names to operate on physical servers within the borders of Kazakhstan. SVP Bill Coughran said "creating borders on the web raises important questions for us not only about network efficiency but also about user privacy and free expression." By hosting only on servers inside Kazakhstan, "we would be helping to create a fractured Internet."


Introduced 2012
TLD type Country code top-level domain
Status Active
Registry KazNIC
Intended use Entities connected with  Kazakhstan
Actual use Many sites.
DNS name xn--80ao21a

A second country code top-level domain, .қаз ("qaz") for Kazakhstan is now active.[3] It is used with web addresses using Cyrillic letters. It was launched in March 2012, when the first site, a test site, http://Тест.қаз ("test.qaz") was activated.

Own second level domains are allowed, but there are also the following standardized second-level domains:[4]

  • .мем.қаз – public sector organizations
  • .бiл.қаз – education institutions
  • .ком.қаз – commercial organizations
  • .қау.қаз – non-profit organizations and projects
  • .қор.қаз – defense
  • .бай.қаз – communications enterprises, networks

Some second-level domains have been reserved in a prioritized manner, such as президент.қаз ("prezident.qaz"). Between May 1, 2012 to July 31, 2012, companies and trademark holders could apply for their names.

See also

External links

  • IANA .kz whois information
  • .kz domain registration website


  1. ^ "Kazakhs cut Borat", (source:Reuters), December 14, 2005
  2. ^ Changes to the open Internet in Kazakhstan, Official Google Blog, June 7, 2011
  3. ^қаз
  4. ^ Order of introduction of «.ҚАЗ» domain name
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.