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Title: .nl  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: .bq, .cw, .rw, .vi, .ye
Collection: Council of European National Top Level Domain Registries Members, Country Code Top-Level Domains, Dutch Media, Internet in the Netherlands
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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.nl

.nl
.nl -- Stichting Internet Domeinregistratie Nederland
Introduced April 25, 1986
TLD type Country code top-level domain
Status Active
Registry SIDN
Sponsor SIDN
Intended use Entities connected with the  Netherlands
Actual use Very popular in the Netherlands
Registration restrictions None
Structure Registrations are taken directly at the second level
Documents Regulations for registration of .nl domain names
Dispute policies [1]
Website SIDN
DNSSEC yes

.nl is the .info and .cn).[3]

It was one of the first ccTLD to be registered, when the authority for the .nl domain was handed over to Piet Beertema of the Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica in 1986.[4]

Since January 31, 1996 .nl domains are registered by the Stichting Internet Domeinregistratie Nederland (SIDN, in English: Foundation for Internet Domain Registration Netherlands), based in Arnhem.[5] SIDN operates as a registry, with around 1500 registrars in June 2014.[6] Most registrars are ISPs, IT service bureaus and media service bureaus, but several large enterprises with many brand names have also become a registrar, or participant as SIDN calls them, which is a quite uncommon phenomenon in the domain name industry. Registrars have to pay SIDN a fee for each domain since April 1, 1996, until then registration was free. SIDN does not deal directly with Registrants. In the early days, most of the registrants were universities and research departments of large companies, such as Philips Research.

Individuals are allowed to register a second-level .nl domain since 2003. As a forerunner, individuals were allowed to register a third-level domain since 2000. Such 'personal domains' had the form of janjansen.123.nl. They never became popular, and registration has been suspended since 2006. Because there are only around 500 of such domains registered, in contrast to about 5 million second-level domains, SIDN announced the discontinuance of personal domains as of 2008 on July 4, 2007. Owners of such domains will be contacted by SIDN and offered a small fee if they cooperate.

The cost of a .nl domain varies, but depending on the registrar the price is around 3 to 8 euros. 38% of the .nl domains are registered by individuals.[7]

Contents

  • Second-level domains 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Second-level domains

Official second-level domains do not exist. A number of companies have taken the opportunity to register domains like co.nl and com.nl, using them to sell second-level domains. These are not affiliated with SIDN.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Welkom! - SIDN". SIDN.nl. 2011-03-03. Retrieved 2012-09-13. 
  2. ^ "Verisign" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-04-03. 
  3. ^ "The.nlyst 9 EN - SIDN". The.nlyst. SIDN. p. 10. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  4. ^ (Dutch) De geschiedenis van SIDN (History of SIDN), Official website of SIDN
  5. ^ "Contact - SIDN". Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  6. ^ SIDN
  7. ^ "SIDN". Sidn.nl. 2011-04-22. Retrieved 2012-09-13. 
  8. ^ http://domain.co.nl/en/co.nl-.nl-faq.html

External links

  • IANA .nl whois information
  • .nl Registry website
  • List of .nl participants
  • 4.4 Million active .nl domains (Dutch)
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