World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0000918351
Reproduction Date:

Title: .to  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: .np, .rw, .no, .vi, .ye
Collection: 1995 Introductions, Communications in Tonga, Country Code Top-Level Domains, Domain Hacks
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


tonic Domain Name Registry
Introduced 1995
TLD type Country code top-level domain
Status Active
Registry Tonga Network Information Center (Tonic)
Sponsor Government of Tonga
Intended use Entities connected with  Tonga
Actual use Used for a varied assortment of sites, few related to Tonga. Often used for torrent websites and domain hacks.
Registration restrictions Open to everyone but some vulgar words not allowed to register and use for spam prohibited.
Structure Registrations permitted at second level; some Tonga-related entities have domains at third level under labels like
Documents FAQ
Dispute policies Some trademarked names reserved; no other dispute policy
Website Tonic

.to is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) of the island kingdom of Tonga.

The government of Tonga sells domains in its ccTLD to any interested party. The .to ccTLD is administered by the Tonga Network Information Center (Tonic).[1]

Because to is a common English preposition, it became popular to craft memorable URLs called domain hacks that take advantage of this; URL shortening/redirection services (e.g. are a popular use. Other domain hacks do not use the to as a preposition, including Daniel J. Bernstein's website, London web development company Potato, and uploading services like (which means "save it" in Czech and Slovak).

"T.O." is also a common nickname for Toronto, Ontario, Canada and is used as a city domain extension as exemplified by popular Toronto sites and . This domain extension is also used for the city of Torino (Turin), Italy.

As the .to domains are purchased, all normal DNS operations are possible and registered sites are not required to display ads on behalf of the registrar. Some domains are free, like, but only to real Tongan educational institutions. At this moment businesses registered in Tonga can also get free domains. People who sell on .to domains can claim a commission.

.to is one of the few ccTLDs that (officially) do not maintain a (public) WHOIS database providing registrant information. It is possible to contact domain registrants via by typing the domain in the domain search field under "New Domain Name".[2]

.to has an A record and had a HTTP server since at least 1998.[3]

See also

  • Contrary to popular belief, the .tv ccTLD is not used as a homonym. .tv is actually the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the small Pacific island nation of Tuvalu.[4]


  1. ^ Tonga Network Information Center
  2. ^ "Tonic Corporation Frequently Asked Questions: Does Tonic offer a whois service?". Tonic. 
  3. ^*/to.
  4. ^ .tv

External links

  • Registration of .TO domains
  • IANA .to whois information

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.