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11th Army (Soviet Union)

11th Soviet Red Army
Soldiers of the 11th Red Army entering the Tiflis in February 1921
Country Soviet Russia/Soviet Union
Branch Rifle/Combined Arms
Size 70,000–100,000 (Russian Civil War)[1]
Pavel Kurochkin
Red Army in Baku, Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan in May 1920
The 11th Red Army marching down a street in Yerevan, the capital of the Democratic Republic of Armenia on November 29, 1920.

The 11th Army (1st formation) of the Belarusian Special Military District (BSMD) from the former Minsk Army Group.


  • Russian Civil War 1
  • World War Two 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Russian Civil War

Since the Russian Republic's Russian Republic in the area during the Russian Civil War. During the Russian Civil War the 11th Army fought against the White troops of General Anton Denikin's Volunteer Army in the western part of the North Caucasus. It was the main strength of the Caspian-Caucasian Army Group. In January 1919, the front of 200 miles held by the Red troops along the Caucasus foothills and South Russian steppes was cut into two by the White forces, which resulted in the panic flight of the 11th Red Army.[3]

On 27 April 1920 the 11th Army took

  •, Order of Battle, 22 June 1941
  • (German) History of the 11th Soviet Red Army

External links

  1. ^  
  2. ^  
  3. ^ Evan Mawdsley (2007), The Russian Civil War, p. 161. Pegasus Books, ISBN 1-933648-15-5
  4. ^  
  5. ^ Hovannisian. The Republic of Armenia, pp. 62–63
  6. ^ Broxup, Marie. "The Last Ghazawat: The 1920-1921 Uprising," cited in John B. Dunlop (1998), Russia Confronts Chechnya: Roots of a Separatist Conflict, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 40, ISBN 0-521-63619-1.
  7. ^ "403". Retrieved 15 February 2015. 


  • 1939 – V. I. Morosov, P. A. Kurtoshkin, A. I. Lopatin and I. I. Fedyuninski.
  • Pavel Kurochkin commanded the 11th Army from November 1942 to March 1943

The commanders of the 11th Army were:

Since July 9, 1941, it had under its command the 41st and 22nd Rifle Corps and the 1st Mechanised Corps. On 1 September 1941 its structure included the 180th, 182nd, 183rd, 202nd, and 254th Rifle Divisions, 21st Motor Rifle Regiment, 9 арт. бригада ПТО, 614th Corps Artillery Regiment, 698 ап ПТО, the 87th and 110th Independent Tank Battalions, 7th Mixed Aviation Division, and a number of separate formations.[7] In 1942 and 1943 it participated in attacks against the Wehrmacht near Solzy and Staraya Russa and in operations around the Demyansk Pocket. In summer and fall 1943 it was part of the Western Front. In mid July 1943 the Army comprised the 53rd Rifle Corps, the 4th, 96th, 260th, 273rd and 323rd Rifle Division, the 225th Tank Regiment and other units. From July 30 11th Army joined the Bryansk Front, and fought in the Battle of Kursk. In December 1943 the 11th Army was dissolved, with the personnel being integrated into other Soviet armies.

When the Germans invaded in June 1941 the 11th Army comprised the 16th Rifle Corps (which included the 5th, 33rd and 188th Rifle Divisions) and 29th Rifle Corps (179th and 184th Rifle Divisions) and the 3rd Mechanised Corps (640 tanks), the 23rd, 126th and 128th Rifle Divisions, the 42nd (Шауляйский) and 46th Fortified Regions (Тельшайский), and 45th Fortified Regions (УР), and other smaller formations and units. It participated in military operations as part of the Soviet Northwestern Front west and south-western of Kaunas and Vilnius.

In 1939 the 11th Army (2nd formation) was formed in the Belarusian Special Military District (BSMD) from the former Minsk Army Group. It took part in the Soviet invasion of Poland (1939). In summer 1940 it became part of the Baltic Military District (from August, 17th, 1940 the Baltic Special military district).

World War Two

By 1921, the 11th Red Army is characterized by the modern French historian Marie Broxup as "a purely Russian army led by Russian commanders and Russian political cadres."[6] In May 1921 the army lost its name and was integrated into the Caucasian Front, later part of the North Caucasus Military District.

The head of the 11th Army's Revolutionary Military Council was Sergo Ordzhonikidze. The military leaders of the 11th Army were in 1921: V.P. Raspopov, J.P. Butyagin, M.I. Vasilenko, M.K. Levandovski and Anatoli Gekker. Military decisions were supervised by the Army's Council of War. Its members were in 1921: Sergey Kirov, Valerian Kuybyshev, J.P. Butyagin, K.A. Mekhonoshin, Sokolov, J.I. Vesnik, Lukin, B.D. Mikhailov, Kvirkeliya, S.S. Eliava and P.I. Kushner.

For the time being, however, the authorities in Moscow ordered the army to stand down while negotiations between Russia and Armenia were being carried out.[5] In that brief span the Red Army did aid Armenian communists fighting against the Armenian government in the Ijevan region of Armenia.


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