World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

12th United States Congress

12th United States Congress
11th ← → 13th

United States Capitol (1800)

Duration: March 4, 1811 – March 4, 1813

Senate President: George Clinton (until April 20, 1812)
Vacant (from April 20, 1812)
Senate Pres. pro tem: William H. Crawford
House Speaker: Henry Clay
Members: 36 Senators
143 Representatives
4 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic-Republican
House Majority: Democratic-Republican

Sessions
1st: November 4, 1811 – July 6, 1812
2nd: November 2, 1812 – March 3, 1813

The Twelfth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1811, to March 4, 1813, during the third and fourth years of James Madison's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Second Census of the United States in 1800. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.

Major events

Major legislation

States admitted and territories organized

Senate President
George Clinton
Senate President pro tempore
William H. Crawford
House Speaker
Henry Clay

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this congress. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

During this congress, two new Senate seats were added for the new state of Louisiana.


House of Representatives

During this congress, one new House seat was added for the new state of Louisiana.

Leadership

Senate

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1814; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1816; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1812

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 1
  • deaths: 0
  • resignations: 4
  • interim appointments: 1
  • seats of newly admitted states: 2
  • vacancies:1
  • Total seats with changes: 6
State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Massachusetts
(2)
Vacant Legislature elected late.
Successor elected June 29, 1811, to finish the term ending March 4, 1817.
Joseph B. Varnum (DR) June 29, 1811
Rhode Island
(1)
Christopher G. Champlin (F) Resigned October 2, 1811
Successor elected October 28, 1811, to finish the term ending March 4, 1815.
William Hunter (F) October 28, 1811
Tennessee
(2)
Jenkin Whiteside (DR) Resigned October 8, 1811.
Successor elected October 8, 1811, to finish the term ending March 4, 1817.
George W. Campbell (DR) October 8, 1811
Louisiana
(3)
New seat Louisiana was admitted to the Union on April 30, 1812.
Inaugural Senator elected September 3, 1812, for the term ending March 4, 1813.
Allan B. Magruder (DR) September 3, 1812
Louisiana
(2)
New seat Louisiana was admitted to the Union on April 30, 1812.
Inaugural Senator elected September 3, 1812, for the term ending March 4, 1817.
Jean Noel Destréhan (DR) September 3, 1812
Jean N. Destréhan (DR) Resigned October 1, 1812, without having qualified.
Successor appointed October 8, 1812, to continue the term ending March 4, 1817.
Thomas Posey (DR) October 8, 1812
Thomas Posey (DR) Appointee lost election to finish the term.
Successor elected February 4, 1813, to finish the term ending March 4, 1817.
James Brown (DR) February 5, 1813

House of Representatives

  • replacements: 3
  • deaths: 2
  • resignations: 5
  • contested election: 1
  • seats of newly admitted states: 1
  • vacancies: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 10
District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
Maryland
6th
John Montgomery (DR) Resigned April 29, 1811, to become Attorney General of Maryland Stevenson Archer (DR) Seated October 26, 1811
Massachusetts
4th
Joseph B. Varnum (DR) Resigned June 29, 1811, to become U.S. Senator William M. Richardson (DR) Seated November 4, 1811
Virginia
8th
John Hungerford (DR) Lost contested election November 29, 1811 John Taliaferro (DR) Seated November 29, 1811
Massachusetts
17th
Barzillai Gannett (DR) Resigned sometime in 1812 before April 6 () Francis Carr (DR) Seated April 6, 1812
North Carolina
3rd
Thomas Blount (DR) Died February 7, 1812 William Kennedy (DR) Seated January 30, 1813
Orleans Territory Julien de Lallande Poydras had resigned in the previous Congress, and the seat remained vacant until the territory became the state of Louisiana on April 30, 1812 Thomas B. Robertson (DR) Seated April 30, 1812
Louisiana
At-large
New York
6th
Robert Le Roy Livingston (F) Resigned May 6, 1812 Thomas P. Grosvenor (F) Seated January 29, 1813
Georgia
At-large
Howell Cobb (DR) Resigned sometime before October 1812 () William Barnett (DR) Seated October 5, 1812
Missouri Territory Territory delegate seat established Edward Hempstead Seated November 9, 1812
Illinois Territory Territory delegate seat established Shadrach Bond Seated December 3, 1812
Pennsylvania
9th
John Smilie (DR) Died December 30, 1812 Vacant Not filled until next Congress

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

External links

  • Statutes at Large, 1789-1875
  • Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: House History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.