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1888 Republican National Convention

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Title: 1888 Republican National Convention  
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Subject: United States presidential election, 1888, William McKinley, Republican Party (United States), List of African-American United States presidential and vice presidential candidates, Samuel Arza Davenport
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1888 Republican National Convention

1888 Republican National Convention
1888 Presidential Election
Harrison and Morton
Date(s) June 19–June 25, 1888
City Chicago, Illinois
Venue Civic Auditorium
Chair Morris M. Estee
Presidential nominee Benjamin Harrison of Indiana
Vice Presidential nominee Levi P. Morton of New York
Other candidates John Sherman
Russell A. Alger
Walter Q. Gresham
Total delegates 832
Votes needed for nomination 417
Results (President) Harrison (IN): 544 (65.38%)
Sherman (OH): 118 (14.18%)
Gresham (IN): 59 (7.09%)
Alger (MI): 100 (12.02%)
Blaine (ME): 5 (0.60%)
McKinley (OH): 4 (0.48%)
Douglass (MD): 1 (0.12%)
Others: 1 (0.12%)
Results (Vice President) Morton (NY): 592 (71.15%)
Phelps (NJ): 119 (14.3%)
Bradley (KY): 103 (12.38%)
Bruce (MS): 11 (1.32%)
Abstaining: 6 (0.72%)
Walter S. Thomas: 1 (0.12%)
Ballots 8

The 1888 Republican National Convention was a presidential nominating convention held at the Auditorium Building in Chicago, Illinois, on June 19–25, 1888. It resulted in the nomination of former Senator Benjamin Harrison of Indiana for President and former Representative Levi P. Morton of New York for Vice President. During the convention, Frederick Douglass was invited to speak and became the first African-American to have his name put forward for a presidential nomination, in a major party's roll call vote, receiving one vote from Kentucky in the fourth vote.

The ticket won in the election of 1888, defeating President Grover Cleveland and Allen G. Thurman.

Issues addressed

Issues addressed in the convention included support for protective tariffs, repeal of taxes on tobacco, support for the use of gold and silver as currency and support for pensions for veterans. The party also expressed its opposition to polygamy.[1]

State delegates

State Delegates to the 1888 Republican National Convention MICHIGAN: (Incomplete Listings of District Delegates to the State Convention)

Edward Cowley Wellesley from Colon Mi. was a delegate to the State Convention held in Hartman's Hall in Grand Rapids on May 8, 1888. For the purpose of electing 4 Delegates at Large & 4 alternate delegates at large to go to the Republican National Convention to be held in Chicago. Also electing 2 District delegates from each district to go to the National Convention as listed.

4 Delegates at Large are: William Quincy Atwood from Saginaw

                                            J.K. Boies from Hudson
                                            Thomas B. Dunstan from Hancock
                                            R.E. Frazier from Detroit

2 District Delegates are chosen for each District District #1 John Atkinson from Detroit

            Henry M. Duffield from Detroit

District #2 Charles T. Mitchell from Hillside

            George Spaulding from Monroe

District #3 William A. Coombs from Coldwater

            Charles E. Townsend from Jackson

District #4 Bishop E. Andrews from Three Rivers

            L.M. Ward from Benton Harbor

District #5 C.P. Brown from Spring Lake

            A.B. Watson from Grand Rapids

District #6 William B. McCreery from Flint

            William McPherson Jr. from Howell

District #7 Harrison Geer from Lapeer

            Edgar Weeks from Mt. Clemens

District #8 Roswell G. Horr from East Saginaw

            S. Perry Youngs from Stanton

District #9 George W. Crawford from Big Rapids

            Edwin O. Shaw from Newaygo

District #10 Green Pack from Oscoda

            N.M. Richardson from Caro

District #11 Perry Hannah from Traverse City

            Samuel M. Stephenson from Menominee

Presidential nomination

Presidential Ballot
Ballot 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th
Benjamin Harrison 80 91 94 217 213 231 278 544
John Sherman 229 249 244 235 224 244 231 118
Russell A. Alger 84 116 122 135 142 137 120 100
Walter Q. Gresham 111 108 123 98 87 91 91 59
William B. Allison 72 75 88 88 99 73 76 0
Chauncey Depew 99 99 91 0 0 0 0 0
James G. Blaine 35 33 35 42 48 40 15 5
John James Ingalls 28 16 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jeremiah McLain Rusk 25 20 16 0 0 0 0 0
William Walter Phelps 25 18 5 0 0 0 0 0
Edwin Henry Fitler 24 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
William McKinley 2 3 8 11 14 12 16 4
Robert Todd Lincoln 3 2 2 1 0 0 2 0
Samuel Freeman Miller 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0
Joseph B. Foraker 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0
Frederick Douglass 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Frederick Dent Grant 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Creed Haymond 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0

Vice Presidential nominaion

Levi P. Morton was asked if he wanted the second spot. He had been asked before, in 1880, but had refused, thus inadvertently giving the presidency to Chester A. Arthur. This time he decided to accept.
Vice Presidential Ballot
Ballot 1st
Levi P. Morton 591
William Walter Phelps 119
William O'Connell Bradley 103
Blanche K. Bruce 11
Walter F. Thomas 1

Accusation of delegate vote-buying

Nearly a decade later, Ohio candidate John Sherman accused Michigan candidate, millionaire Russell A. Alger, of buying the votes of Southern delegates who had already confirmed their vote for Sherman. In Sherman's 1895 two-volume book "Recollections" he asserted, "I believe, and had, as I thought, conclusive proof, that the friends of Gen. Alger substantially purchased the votes of many of the delegates from the Southern States who had been instructed by their conventions to vote for me." Once accused, Alger submitted correspondence to the New York Times, who published one letter from 1888, written after the convention to Alger, where Sherman states, "if you bought some [votes], according to universal usage, surely I don't blame you." Later in the same New York Times article, Alger insisted neither he or friends bought a single vote. The article also quotes another delegate, James Lewis, who claimed that "the colored delegates of the South will unite on a Union soldier in preference" instead of a civilian.[2]

When Sherman introduced his anti-trust legislation two years later, his main example of unlawful combination drew from a Michigan Supreme Court case involving Diamond Match Company and Alger's participation as president and stock holder.[3]

See also


  1. ^ Official Proceedings of the Republican National Convention Held at Chicago, June 19, 20, 21, 22, 23 and 25, 1888
  2. ^ ALGER ANSWERS SHERMAN; Denial that Southern Delegates Sold Their Votes. THE SENATOR'S CHARGES REFUTED In an Autograph Letter He Practically Withdrew His Charge of Unfairness -- Gen. Sherman Not Opposed to the Purchase of Votes.[1]

External links

  • Republican Party Platform of 1888
Preceded by
Republican National Conventions Succeeded by
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