World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

1973 al-Mazzah Airport Raid

Article Id: WHEBN0032569511
Reproduction Date:

Title: 1973 al-Mazzah Airport Raid  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Israeli Air Force, Syrian Air Force, Aerial operations and battles involving Israel, First Battle of Mount Hermon, 1973 Syrian General Staff Headquarters raid
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

1973 al-Mazzah Airport Raid

1973 al-Mazzah Airport Raid
Part of Yom Kippur War

Israeli F-4E
Date 13 October 1973
Location al-Mazzah Airport, near al-Mazzah, Damascus
Result Israeli victory
 Israel  Syria
8 F-4 Phantoms, 2 A-4 Skyhawks, 4 Mirage IIIC, 3 helicopters Syrian Air Defense Force, Syrian Air Force
Casualties and losses
1 F-4 Phantom II shot down, crew retrieved, 1 F-4J Phantom II damaged Airport bombed, Two MiGs shot down, Light ground losses

The 1973 al-Mazzah Airport Raid took place on October 13, 1973, and was one of a series of bombing raids carried out by the Israeli Air Force deep inside Syria during the Yom Kippur War.[1]


Israeli F-4s and Mirage IIICs approached Al-Mazzah airport to conduct a series of raids to neutralize the bases capable of launching attacks over Israeli airspace. Shortly after crossing into Syrian airspace, the Israeli formations came under heavy fire by Soviet-made Syrian Air Force MiG-21s.[2] The Israeli pilots managed to shoot down two of the MiG-21s and then concentrated their attack on the airbase itself. Using the Mirage IIIC's bombing capabilities, they were able to crater the runways and inflict light ground losses. During the raid a MiG-21 shot down an F-4 Phantom; both the pilot and the navigator survived, but they crashed on hostile ground near the airbase, and shortly after that were rescued by IDF forces. Another F-4 Phantom was severely damaged by anti-aircraft fire from the airbase; the plane was escorted back to Israeli airspace, and safely returned home.[2]

Preluding ground battle

During the ongoing air raid on the base, an F-4 Phantom II crashed near the base.[2] IDF forces planned an operation to extract the downed pilot to safety, the IDF launched an attack, and the Syrian Army responded aggressively with heavy gunfire and artillery fire.[2] In the end the ground battle was a success for the IDF, and the Syrian army took minimal losses on the ground.[2] One F-4 Phantom II was crippled in the conflict, and was escorted back to safety following repeated efforts by the Syrian Air Force in an attempt to shoot down the crippled aircraft.[2]


Following the attack, a battle erupted between the IDF and Syrian forces, as the IDF attempted to rescue a pilot and a navigator who ejected from their F-4 Phantom II during the raid.[1] The raid was primarily an Israeli victory as they sustained minimal losses, compared to the losses of the Syrian Air Force, which lost the airbase and two MIG-21's.[3]


  1. ^ a b "1973 al Mazzah Airport Raid: Latest News, Videos, Photos | Times of India". Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "1973: The Yom Kippur War". 1973-10-09. Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
  3. ^ "Yom Kippur War Battles | List of Battles in the Yom Kippur War (25 Items)". Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.