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1999 in India

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Title: 1999 in India  
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1999 in India

See also: List of years in India
Timeline of Indian history

Events in the year 1999 in the Republic of India.




  • 1 January - Authorities detain 45 Hindus in connection with attacks on Christians in the state of Gujarat.
  • 23 January - An Australian Christian missionary and his two sons are reportedly burnt to death by suspected Hindu fundamentalists. This aggravates a furore over attacks on churches and chapels and tarnishes the government's image within and outside the country.
  • 30 January - Tourism and Parliamentary Affairs Minister Madan Lal Khurana resigns from the cabinet over the recent violence against minority Christians. Khurana, a veteran Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader, says he is concerned at the loss of image the party suffered following the attacks on Christians. There has been considerable speculation that Hindu hardliners allied with the BJP have been behind the attacks.
  • 30 January - Maharashtra Chief Minister Manohar Joshi resigns on orders from Bal Thackeray, the autocratic boss of the right-wing Hindu Shiv Sena party. It is speculated that Joshi may have been fired for failing to prevent the arrest of party activists who trashed a cricket board office in protest against the India-Pakistan series. Thackeray had launched a violent campaign to prevent the series, saying the two neighbours should not hold sports events while they continue to fight over the border state of Kashmir.
  • 31 January - India and the United States end three days of talks on nuclear non-proliferation issues, declaring the meeting "productive" and promising to resume discussions before the middle of the year.


  • 12 February - The chief minister of Orissa, Janaki Ballabh Patnaik, resigns after pressure within and outside his Congress Party over recent mob attacks on Christians in the state. On 15 February Giridhar Gomango is named to succeed him.
  • 12 February - Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee sacks the government of Bihar, which is run by an opposition party, and imposes federal rule.
  • 20 February - Vajpayee makes a goodwill visit to Pakistan on the maiden trip of a cross-border bus service.
  • 23 February - At the end of a ground-breaking visit to Pakistan by Prime Minister Vajpayee, the two countries agree to work harder on their Kashmir dispute and announce steps to defuse tension and reduce risk of nuclear war.
  • 27 February - Finance Minister Yashwant Sinha unveils a budget which promises to kickstart the infrastructure sector and boost stock markets.


  • 8 March - The government reverses its decision on federal rule in Bihar to avert humiliation in a vote on the issue in the upper house.


  • 3 April - The All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) backs an opposition demand for a parliamentary inquiry into the sacking of the naval chief.
  • 5 April - The cabinet rejects an AIADMK demand for the dismissal of Defense Minister parliament.
  • 6 April - The AIADMK withdraws two of its representatives from the Council of Ministers.
  • 11 April - India says it has successfully test-fired a longer-range model of its Agni ballistic missile.
  • 13 April - Tercentenary celebrations of the creation of the Sikh, Khalsa.
  • 14 April - The AIADMK withdraws support from the ruling coalition. President K.R. Narayanan asks the government to seek a confidence vote in parliament.
  • 17 April - India's 13-month-old BJP-led government falls after losing a confidence motion by just one vote.
  • 26 April - India's parliament is dissolved and early elections are called.
  • 28 April - At least 39 people die when a train rams a crowded bus in the state of Uttar Pradesh.


  • 11 May - India's Supreme Court confirms death sentences for four of the 26 people convicted of conspiring to assassinate former prime minister Rajiv Gandhi in May 1991.
  • 17 May - Sonia Gandhi resigns as head of India's main opposition Congress party after criticism from three senior colleagues. Congress expels the three for six years on 20 May. She withdraws the decision on 24 May.
  • 26 May - India unleashes two waves of air strikes to flush out guerrillas on its side of a Kashmir ceasefire line, sharply raising temperatures in the region. The next day India confirms it has lost two fighter jets which Pakistan says they shot down.
  • 28 May - In Kashmir, a stinger missile brings down an Indian helicopter killing all on board.


  • 7 June - India says it has forced guerrilla infiltrators in Kashmir back towards the ceasefire line with Pakistan, and killed 221 Pakistani soldiers in the offensive.
  • 12 June - India and Pakistan hold "businesslike" talks over their Kashmir dispute but fail to resolve it; India says Pakistan tried to infiltrate the Turtuk Sector and puts the death toll at 267 Pakistanis and 86 Indians.


  • 4 July - India says it has recaptured the strategic Tiger Hill on its side of a military line of control in Kashmir.
  • 9 July - In Kashmir, the Indian army reports that it has all but ousted the infiltrators from the Batalik zone on India's side of the ceasefire line.
  • 11 July - India recaptures Kargil, forcing the Pakistan Army to retreat. India announces victory ending the two-month conflict.
  • Mufti Mohammad Sayeed launches the People's Democratic Party in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • 17 July - India signals the end of the flare-up with Pakistan by announcing that all infiltrators have withdrawn from Indian-held Kashmir.
  • 26 July - India says its troops have cleared all infiltrators from their side of the Line of Control that divides Kashmir.


  • 2 August - Two crowded trains collide head-on at a railway station in eastern India, killing 286 people.
  • 10 August - The Atlantique Incident occurs as an intruding Pakistan Navy plane is shot down in the contested area the Rann of Kachchh dispute. The incident sparks tensions between the 2 nations, coming just a month after the end of the Kargil War.
  • 15 August - India says Pakistan's aid to guerrillas in Kashmir is hindering peace talks between them.


  • 4 September - Indian forces rescue five of the six men held hostage by terrorists in Jammu and Kashmir; the other hostage was killed by the terrorists.
  • 4 September, 11, 18, 25, and 3 October - Parliamentary elections are held, in which the National Democratic Alliance led by Prime Minister Vajpayee's BJP wins 298 seats, the Congress-led Alliance 134, and others 105.


  • 6 October - A pro-independence Kashmiri group abandons plans to march into the Indian-ruled part of the Kashmir region.
  • 8 October - India's Supreme Court turns down an appeal by four co-conspirators sentenced to die in the assassination of former prime minister Rajiv Gandhi.
  • 29 October - A "super-cyclone" slams into the state of Orissa packing winds of 240 km/h and flattening houses across a wide area along the Bay of Bengal.


  • 7 November - Forty-two people die in the northern town of Sonepat after a fire in a market selling firecrackers.
  • 11 November - A bomb explodes in the Delhi-bound Puja Express from Jammu at Kandrori station, killing 13 and injuring 50.
  • 30 November - India says the death toll in cyclone-hit Orissa State is at least 9,885.


  • 24 December - Heavily armed hijackers take over an Indian Airlines Airbus carrying 189 people from Kathmandu (Nepal) to New Delhi. After a detour to the United Arab Emirates, it lands at Kandahar, Afghanistan, on 25 December. On 28 December the hijackers make three demands, including the release of 35 terrorists and a sum of $200 million. On 31 December the hijackers, who stabbed a man on the plane to death, free their hostages after reaching agreement with India for the release of three terrorists in Kashmir.


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