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23rd Street (Manhattan)

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Title: 23rd Street (Manhattan)  
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Subject: West Side Elevated Highway, Madison Avenue, Broadway (Manhattan), Select Bus Service, Flatiron District
Collection: Articles Containing Video Clips, Streets in Manhattan
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23rd Street (Manhattan)

23rd Street
A 1907 postcard of 23rd Street, showing a shopping district with stores on both sides, trolley cars, horses and carriages and many pedestrians
Maintained by NYCDOT
Length 1.9 mi[1] (3.1 km)
Location Manhattan, New York City
Postal code 10011, 10010
West end Eleventh Avenue in Chelsea
East end FDR Drive / Avenue C in Kips Bay / Peter Cooper Village
North 24th Street
South 22nd Street
Commissioned March 1811

23rd Street is a broad thoroughfare in the New York City borough of Manhattan, one of the major two-way, east-west streets in the borough's grid. As with Manhattan's other "crosstown" streets, it is divided at Fifth Avenue, in this case at Madison Square Park, into its east and west sections. Since 1999 the area north of 23rd Street around the park has been referred to as Nomad.[2][3][4] The street formerly ran from the East River to the Hudson River, but now terminates at 11th Avenue.


  • West 23rd Street 1
  • East 23rd Street 2
  • Public transit 3
  • Commerce 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

West 23rd Street

Former Stern Brothers department store

West 23rd carves through the heart of Chelsea. For much of the late 19th century and early 20th century its western end was site of the Pavonia Ferry at Pier 63, just north of the Chelsea Piers. London Terrace is slight farther inland. In the late 19th century, the western part of 23rd Street was to American theater what Broadway is today, with the Opera House Palace and Pike's Opera House one block away and Proctor's Theater[5] ("continuous daily vaudeville") across the street from the Hotel Chelsea. 23rd Street remained New York's main theater strip until The Empire opened on Broadway some twenty blocks uptown, ushering in a new era of theater.

The Hotel Chelsea, New York's first co-op apartment complex, was built here in 1883; it was New York's tallest building until 1902.[6] Sid Vicious and Nancy Spungen lived in the Hotel Chelsea. Nancy was stabbed to death in the Hotel Chelsea.

The easternmost block of West 23rd is part of the Ladies' Mile Historic District.

The famous Flatiron Building sits on the intersection of 23rd Street (front), Broadway (left), and 5th Avenue (right)

East 23rd Street

East 23rd Street, which runs between Fifth Avenue and the East River (FDR Drive), is a main street of Manhattan's neighborhood of Gramercy Park. The Metropolitan Life Insurance Company (MetLife), headquartered at 1 Madison Avenue at East 23rd Street, played a significant role in shaping the character of development along East 23rd Street in the early 20th century.

Opposite Madison Square Park on East 23rd Street are two skyscrapers originally built by MetLife. 1 Madison Avenue, with its ornate clocktower face, was one of Manhattan's first skyscrapers.[7] 11 Madison Avenue was intended to be the base of a much taller skyscraper, but the onset of the Depression forced MetLife to scale back its plans. Even so, the building stands today as an Art Deco masterpiece.

Peter Cooper Village, one of MetLife's experiments in middle-income community building (until bought by Tishman Speyer). Peter Cooper Village was a sister project to MetLife's Stuyvesant Town, which was built across 20th Street to the south.[8]

On the far east end of East 23rd are Stuyvesant Cove Park, the Asser Levy Public Baths,[9] and a parking garage now used as a gas station.

On October 17, 1966, this street was also witness to New York's deadliest fire in terms of firefighters killed until the September 11, 2001 attacks. The "23rd Street Fire", as it came to be called, began in a cellar at 7 East 22nd Street and soon spread to the basement of 6 East 23rd Street, a five-story commercial building that housed a drugstore at street level. Twelve firefighters were killed; two chiefs, two lieutenants, and six firefighters plunged into the flaming cellar, while two more firefighters were killed by the blast of flame and heat on the first floor.[10]

The High Line is a 1.45-mile-long (2.33 km) New York City linear park built on an elevated section of a disused New York Central Railroad spur called the West Side Line.

The Flatiron Building is on the south side of the street at Broadway. The origin of the term "23 skidoo" is said to be from wind gusts caused by the building's triangular shape or hot air from a shaft through which immense volumes of air escaped, producing gusts that supposedly lifted women's skirts.[note 1]

Public transit

Street staircase to the 23rd Street IND Eighth Avenue Line

Every New York City Subway line that crosses 23rd Street has a local station there:

Port Authority Trans-Hudson has a station at 23rd Street as well.

In the past, every former IRT elevated line had a station at 23rd Street, most of which were local stations:

Additionally, MTA New York City Transit's M23 bus runs the length of 23rd Street. This replaced the horse-drawn and later electric-powered Twenty-Third Street Railway. In 2003, the Straphangers Campaign listed the M23 as one of the slowest in the city, winning its "Pokey Award."


23rd street has several restaurants, although it is not known as being a significant culinary destination.[11]

See also


Explanatory notes

  1. ^ Dolkart, Andrew S. "The Architecture and Development of New York City: The Birth of the Skyscraper - Romantic Symbols".  


  1. ^  
  2. ^ Louie, Elaine (August 5, 1999). "The Trendy Discover NoMad Land, And Move In".  
  3. ^ Feirstein, Sanna (2002). Naming New York: Manhattan Places and How They Got Their Names. New York: New York University Press. p. 103.  
  4. ^ Sternbergh, Adam (April 11, 2010). "Soho. Nolita. Dumbo. NoMad? Branding the last unnamed neighborhood in Manhattan".  
  5. ^ RKO Proctor's Twenty-Third Street Theatre, 139 West 23rd Street, New York, NY 10011 Cinema Treasures
  6. ^ Chamberlain, Lisa (June 19, 2007). "Change at the Chelsea, Shelter of the Arts". The New York Times. Retrieved September 19, 2008. 
  7. ^ Matlins, Melissa. "Metropolitan Life Insurance Tower".  
  8. ^ "Urban Apartment Dwelling Builds Momentum, 1930-1950". On-Line Residential. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Asser Levy Recreation Center". Reed Construction Data. Retrieved July 4, 2010. 
  10. ^ O'Donnell, Michelle (October 17, 2006). "Oct. 17, 1966, When 12 Firemen Died".  
  11. ^ Valentino, Silas (November 11, 2011). "Our 10 Best Things to Eat on 23rd Street".  

External links

  • New York Songlines: 23rd Street – a virtual walking tour
  • History of the Hotel Chelsea
  • The 23rd Street Fire
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