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24th United States Congress


24th United States Congress

24th United States Congress
23rd ← → 25th

United States Capitol (1827)

Duration: March 4, 1835 – March 4, 1837

Senate President: Martin Van Buren
Senate Pres. pro tem: William R. King
House Speaker: James K. Polk
Members: 52 Senators
242 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Jacksonian
House Majority: Jacksonian

1st: December 7, 1835 – July 4, 1836
2nd: December 5, 1836 – March 3, 1837

The Twenty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1835 to March 4, 1837, during the seventh and eighth years of Andrew Jackson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fifth Census of the United States in 1830. Both chambers had a Jacksonian majority.

Major events

Major legislation


States admitted and territories formed

Party summary


During this congress two Senate seats were added for each of the new states of Arkansas and Michigan.

House of Representatives

During this congress one House seat was added for each of the new states of Arkansas and Michigan.


President of the Senate
Martin Van Buren


House of Representatives


This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.


President pro tempore
William R. King

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1838; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1840; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1836.

House of Representatives

Speaker of the House
James K. Polk

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.


  • Replacements: 11
    • Anti-Jacksonians: 5-seat net loss
    • Jacksonians: 10-seat net gain
  • Deaths: 3
  • Resignations: 8
  • Interim appointments: 0
  • Seats of newly admitted states: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 16
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Vacant Elected to fill vacancy of Senator-elect Charles E.A. Gayarre, who resigned on account of ill-health Robert C. Nicholas (J) January 13, 1836
Nathan Smith (AJ) Died December 6, 1835 Appointed December 21, 1835, subsequently elected.
Died December 12, 1835 Appointed December 30, 1835
John Tyler (AJ) Resigned February 29, 1836 Elected March 4, 1836
Resigned March 3, 1836 Appointed December 7, 1836
New Hampshire
Resigned May 30, 1836 to become Governor of New Hampshire Elected June 8, 1836
Arnold Naudain (AJ) Resigned June 16, 1836 Richard H. Bayard (AJ) Elected June 17, 1836
Benjamin W. Leigh (AJ) Resigned July 4, 1836 Elected December 12, 1836
New seats Arkansas was admitted to the Union. William S. Fulton (J) Elected September 18, 1836
Robert H. Goldsborough (AJ) Died October 5, 1836 John S. Spence (AJ) Elected December 31, 1836
North Carolina
Willie P. Mangum (AJ) Resigned November 26, 1836 Elected December 5, 1836
John M. Clayton (AJ) Resigned December 29, 1836 Thomas Clayton (AJ) Elected January 9, 1837
Alexander Porter (AJ) Resigned January 5, 1837 due to ill health Elected January 12, 1837
New seats Michigan was admitted to the Union. Elected January 26, 1837

House of Representatives

  • Replacements: 18
    • Anti-Jacksonians: 5-seat net gain
    • Anti-Masonics: 1-seat net loss
    • Jacksonians: 2-seat net loss
    • Nullifiers: No net change
  • Deaths: 5
  • Resignations: 13
  • Contested election: 0
  • Seats of newly admitted states: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 24
District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
South Carolina 6th Vacant Rep. Warren R. Davis died during previous congress Waddy Thompson, Jr. (AJ) Seated September 10, 1835
Georgia At-large Vacant Rep. James M. Wayne resigned in previous congress Seated October 5, 1835
New York 3rd Resigned sometime in 1835 Seated November 4, 1835
Georgia At-large Resigned July 1, 1835 after being nominated for Governor of Georgia Seated October 5, 1835
Georgia At-large Resigned July 8, 1835 due to ill health Seated October 5, 1835
Georgia At-large Resigned July 25, 1835 to assist in the Cherokee Indian removal Seated October 5, 1835
Connecticut At-large Died December 10, 1835 Seated April 29, 1836
Pennsylvania 24th John Banks (AM) Resigned sometime in 1836 John J. Pearson (AJ) Seated December 5, 1836
South Carolina 4th James H. Hammond (N) Resigned February 26, 1836 because of ill health Franklin H. Elmore (N) Seated December 10, 1836
New York 17th Resigned March 29, 1836 Seated November 9, 1836
North Carolina 12th James Graham (AJ) Seat declared vacant March 29, 1836 James Graham (AJ Seated December 5, 1836
South Carolina 8th Died May 1, 1836 Seated December 19, 1836
Arkansas Territory
Seat was eliminated when Arkansas achieved statehood June 15, 1836
Connecticut At-large Resigned July 4, 1836 after being appointed to seat on the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut Seated December 5, 1836
Mississippi At-large David Dickson (AJ) Died July 31, 1836 Seated December 1, 1836
Vacant Arkansas was admitted to the Union on June 15, 1836 Seated August 1, 1836
Georgia At-large Resigned September 1, 1836 Julius C. Alford (AJ) Seated January 2, 1837
New York 30th Philo C. Fuller (AJ) Resigned September 2, 1836 John Young (AJ) Seated November 9, 1836
Georgia At-large Died September 25, 1836 William C. Dawson (AJ) Seated November 7, 1836
Pennsylvania 13th Resigned October 30, 1836 Seated December 5, 1836
New Jersey At-large Resigned November 3, 1836 after being chosen Governor of New Jersey William Chetwood (AJ) Seated December 5, 1836
Indiana 6th Died November 26, 1836 William Herod (AJ) Seated January 25, 1837
Virginia 2nd Resigned January 11, 1837 Vacant Not filled this congress
Michigan Territory
Seat was eliminated when Michigan achieved statehood January 26, 1837
Vacant Michigan was admitted to the Union on January 26, 1837 Seated January 26, 1837
Wisconsin Territory
Vacant Wisconsin Territory was organized on April 3, 1836 Seated January 26, 1837



House of Representatives


External links

  • Statutes at Large, 1789-1875
  • Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: House History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists
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